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Grace, Talent, and Merit : Poor Students, Clerical Careers, and Professional Ideology in Eighteenth-Century Germany - Anthony J. La Vopa

Grace, Talent, and Merit

Poor Students, Clerical Careers, and Professional Ideology in Eighteenth-Century Germany

Hardcover

Published: 26th August 1988
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Poor students experienced a kind of upward mobility that was not uncommon in old-regime Europe. They were also objects of controversy. and as such they reveal the many dimensions of the issue of opening careers to talent. At stake were socially and politically sensitive questions about the relative importance of nature and nurture, of natural talent and 'birth', in realizing human potential; about the proper reconciliation of collective imperatives and individual freedom, of hierarchical stability and progress; about how national systems of education should be structured; about the kind and degree of upward mobility the society and the culture needed and could tolerate. This book shows how a cluster of familiar eighteenth-century ideas about grace, talent, and merit shaped a formative social experience for men whose importance is still celebrated today, as well as for members of the educated elite who were and have remained obscure.

"...Grace, Talent, and Merit is an original book which ingeniously weaves together information from a variety of sources ranging from sermons to autobiographies to private correspondence to works of philosophy. This book makes a valuable contribution to the history of education in its broadest sense." Katharine D. Kennedy, History of Education Quarterly

Acknowledgments
Introduction
Poor Students
Realities and stereotypes
Initiations
The patronage chain: structure and ideology
The Hofmeister
Calling, Vocation, and Service
The calling: August Hermann Francke and Halle Pietism
Vocation: the natural self and the ethic of reason
Meritocracy: language and ideology
The egalitarian alternative: theory and practice
New Departures
Orthodoxies and new idioms
Professional ideologies: the making of a teaching corps
The clerical identity
Radical visions: Johann Gottlieb Fichte
Epilogue
Bibliographical notes
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521350419
ISBN-10: 0521350417
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 422
Published: 26th August 1988
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.8 x 15.2  x 2.7
Weight (kg): 0.79