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Golden Fetters : Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-39 - Barry J. Eichengreen

Golden Fetters

Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919-39

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The causes and duration of the Depression of the 1930s remain two of the principal mysteries confronting economists and historians. This book offers a reassessment of the international monetary problems that led to the global economic crisis of the 1930s. It explores the connections between the gold standard--the framework regulating international monetary affairs until 1931--and the Great Depression that broke out in 1929. Eichengreen shows how economic policies, in conjunction with the imbalances created by World War I, gave rise to the global crisis of the 1930s. He demonstrates that the gold standard fundamentally constrained the economic policies that governments pursued and that it was largely responsible for creating the unstable economic environment on which those policies acted.
This work shows how the gold standard of the 1920s set the stage for the Depression by heightening the fragility of the international financial system. The gold standard was the mechanism transmitting destabilizing impulses from the United States to the rest of the world. It was the constraint preventing policy-makers from averting the failure of banks and containing the spread of financial panic.
Through this work, Professor Eichengreen demonstrates how national histories can be knit together into a coherent analysis of the international crisis. He shows that the Depression did not automatically start with the stock market crash in 1929, and can only be understood as a stage in a sequence of events and as a political as well as an economic phenomenon. The book also provides a valuable perspective on the economic policies of the post-World War II period and their consequences.

"A brilliant new book."--Newsweek "Very highly recommended."--Choice "Important and convincingly argued....Even those who are not sympathetic to the arguments and conclusions of this book will agree that it is destined to be an important work for all future students of the gold standard."--Journal of Economic Issues "An important book....There is no doubt...that economists and economic historians are in Eichengreen's debt. This is a fine book which supercedes all the literature in the field. Money has been devalued in some recent surveys of the international depression of the 1930s. Eichengreen has brought it back to the center of the story, which is where it belongs."--Economica "Eichengreen has produced an excellent economic history of the interwar years which will be read with great interest by all students of the period. His account of the gold standard during this dramatic period is based on wide ranging research and is exceptional in its clarity....This volume will remain the standard history of the gold standard for many years to come."--Times Higher Education Supplement "A tour de force, by the outstanding contemporary scholar of the 20th century history of the international monetary system."--John Williamson, Senior Fellow, Institute for International Economics "This stimulating book is notable for its integration of political and economic analysis in helping us to understand the weakneses of the gold standard in the interwar period."--Journal of Interdisciplinary History "[Golden Fetters] may become a standard reference for years to come."--Research Reports, American Institute for Economic Research "Golden Fetters compels us to reexamine familiar ideas about economic pathology in the interwar period and the way the gold standard functioned before the First World War. Eichengreen offers us new views of old problems. This is the most important contribution to the subject since the works of Brown and Nurkse, more than four decades ago."--Peter B. Kenen, Houblon-Kenen Fellow, Bank of England "Eichengreen illuminates the role of the gold standard in his masterly analysis of the global economic and political forces that produced the Great Depression and economic recovery after 1933."--Anna J. Schwartz, National Bureau of Economic Research "A major reinterpretation of the Great Depression, from the perspective of the world political economy. Golden Fetters is 'must reading' for students of international political economy."--Robert O. Keohane, Harvard University "Eichengreen has succeeded in providing a rare blend of well-balanced economic and historical analyses. The result is new interpretation of the policy failures that led to the Great Depression: the lack of international cooperation features as a prominent cause of economic instability. There is no doubt in my mind that historians will see Golden Fetters as the standard work on the subject for years to come."--Gianni Toniolo, Dipartimente Economische Venezia "Eichengreen's book provides new and insightful analyses of how the gold standard worked and its role in the economic crisis of the interwar years."--David Hale, Chief Economist and Senior Vice President, Kemper Finanacial Corporation "In this brilliant and synthetic new book, Barry Eichengreen has gone well beyond his previous work to marshal a powerful indictment of the interwar gold standard, and of the politial leaders and economic policy-makers who allowed themselves to be bound by golden fetters while the world economy collapsed."--Journal of Monetary Economics "Anyone tempted to make historical parallels beteen the EMS and the gold standard should read Barry Eichengreen's scholarly account....His book is written with a clarity that allows one to identify both elements of the gold standard that were unique and those that are common to any regime of fixed exchange rates."--The London Times Literary Supplement "I agree with Robert J. Samuelson (Newsweek) that Barry Eichengreen's Golden Fetters...is "a brillinat new book."...Eichengreen has done nearly the impossible. He writes successfully both for "the elusive general reader" (p. xiii) and for the specialist historian. Anyone who reads The Wall Street Journal should be able to understand and appreciate his book."--Business History Review "This major work provides a striking reinterpretation of the role of the gold standard in the international economy during the interwar years."--The Historian "This new international history of the inter-war gold standard, which will quickly become the standard work...succeeds at a number of levels. First, it is superbly written and achieves its objective of being accessible to the general reader. Secondly, it shows how national histories can be knitted together into a coherent analysis of an international economic crisis, thereby furthering the cause of comparative economic history....An excellent book...quite compelling reading."--Business History

Tables
Figures
Introductionp. 3
The Classical Gold Standard in Interwar Perspectivep. 29
The Wartime Transitionp. 67
Postwar Instabilityp. 100
The Legacy Of Hyperinflationp. 125
Reconstructing the Facadep. 153
The Interwar Gold Standard in Operationp. 187
Cracks in the Facadep. 222
Crisis and Opportunityp. 258
Tentative Adjustmentsp. 287
The Dollar and the World Economic Conferencep. 317
Toward the Tripartite Agreementp. 348
Conclusionp. 390
Referencesp. 401
Cartoon Sourcesp. 427
Indexp. 429
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195064315
ISBN-10: 0195064313
Series: Nber Series on Long-Term Factors in Economic Development
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 468
Published: 7th May 1992
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.0 x 15.0  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 0.93