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God : Myths of the Male Divine - David Leeming

God

Myths of the Male Divine

Paperback Published: 1st August 1997
ISBN: 9780195113877
Number Of Pages: 208

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He has been a trickster, a shaman, a divine child; he has been a sacrificial victim, a consort of the earth goddess, a warrior, a sky king; and the creator, a distant and impersonal immensity. He is the male divine, seen in the many gods of myth, and his life story is told here in this graceful and illuminating account by David Leeming and Jake Page.
Illustrating their points with materials ranging from the prehistoric cave paintings to the mystic Jewish Kabbalah, from the ancient Indian Vedas to tales of the North American Indians and other myths from around the world, Leeming and Page reveal the changing mask of the male divine. We see how that divinity emerged in some areas from cults involving "animal masters" (as in the Bear Man of the Cherokee Indians), sorcerers, and shamans who embarked on spirit journeys. God sometimes appeared as the trickster--as Loki of the Norse people, Legba of Africa's Yoruba, Raven and Coyote of North America, and Krishna of India--both creative and bedeviling.
With the Neolithic age came the rise of agriculture and animal husbandry, of settlements and specialization in the roles of males and females--and a more sophisticated body of myths and rituals. Here the Mother Goddess was dominant, and the male God became her consort, ultimately dying in order that nature might be renewed. The authors illustrate this new stage in the male divine with tales of the Egyptian Osiris, the Caananite Baal, and Wiyot of California's Luiseno Indians, among others. They describe the rise of a male sky God as "the equal to, the true mate, of Goddess, who was still associated with Earth." In the Iron Age, the sky God became more aggressive, separating from the Goddess and taking his place as the King God, as Zeus, Odin, and Horus.
Ultimately he emerged as the creator, a more distant and impersonal force. Here Leeming and Page also illuminate an important trend--a sense that the divine is beyond gender, that it permeates all things (as seen in Chinese Tao, the Indian Brahmin, and En Sof of the Kabbalah). They see a movement in the biography of God toward a reunion with the Goddess. "As the Supreme Being becomes less Goddess and less God," they write, "it speaks more clearly to the essential human need for unity and understanding."
In their previous work together, Goddess, Leeming and Page provided a marvelous biography of the female divine--an account that won a wide and enduring audience. Now, in God, they provide the perfect companion volume--completing, as the authors write, "a record of what we humans believe ourselves at the deepest level to be."

"For an overview of the major themes in a male God's life there is nothing comparable. Even the classic works of Joseph Campbell lack the clarity and organization of these works to bring out the salient features of the deity's life."--The Reader's Review "Entertaining."--Paul Bohannan, author of We, the Alien: An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology "This appears to be an excellent text, with useful apparatus."--Kevin Berland, iPennsylvania State University "For an overview of the major themes in a male God's life there is nothing comparable. Even the classic works of Joseph Campbell lack the clarity and organization of these works to bring out the salient features of the deity's life."--The Reader's Review "In a companion work to their previous volume Goddess, the authors present the concept of god through the ages. Illustrated by myths of many different times and lands, the continuous mystery of life seems always transformed into human forms. Whether shaman, trickster, creator, or consort of the goddess, the male principle pervades all religions.... A fresh and readable account."--Library Journal "Building upon the market impact created by their Goddesses: Myths of the Female Divine, Leeming and Page continue their exploration of evolving divine archetypes from prehistory to the present by focusing with an equal effectiveness on masculine metaphors."--Publishers Weekly "The kind of insight these two old Princeton boys derived from their magnificent book Goddess has been profitably used to look at God: Myths of the Male Divine. The result is more entertaining, a lot more profitable than screeds on the masculine mystique. Men want to be gods as much as women want to be goddesses. Here's how."--Paul Bohannan, author of We, the Alien: An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

Introductionp. 3
The Birth of The Archetype: Trickster/Shaman/Animal Masterp. 11
Bear Manp. 14
Samoyed Shaman Dreamp. 18
Navajo Shaman Chantp. 21
Mauip. 25
Krishna (I)p. 28
Lokip. 30
Hermesp. 33
The Cockp. 35
Ananse (I)p. 38
Ananse (II)p. 40
Legba (Esu-Elegbara)p. 42
Hlakanyanap. 43
Dikithip. 46
Raven (I)p. 48
Iktomep. 50
Coyotep. 52
The Rise of The Archetype: Divine Child/Goddess Consort/Dying Godp. 57
Farop. 64
Wiyotp. 68
Wondjinap. 69
Mondawminp. 71
Dumuzip. 81
Osirisp. 83
Baalp. 86
Kutoyisp. 90
Jesusp. 96
Dionysosp. 99
Quetzalcoatlp. 103
The Marriage and Divorce of the Archetype: Sky God and Earth Matep. 109
Geb and Nutp. 111
Sedi and Milop. 113
Gaia and Uranosp. 113
Rangi and Papap. 115
Nareaup. 117
Phan Kup. 117
Tu-chai-paip. 118
Wulbarip. 120
Earth-Mother and Sky-Fatherp. 120
The Bini Skyp. 122
Marduk (I)p. 124
Apollop. 128
The Dominance of the Archetype: King Godp. 133
Horusp. 135
Viracochap. 136
Raven (II)p. 139
Zeusp. 142
Prajapati (I)p. 144
The Theologizing of the Archetype: The Creator Godp. 149
Indrap. 150
Prajapati (II)p. 153
Iop. 154
The Heart of Heavenp. 157
Nainemap. 157
Ammap. 159
Taiko-molp. 160
Marduk (II)p. 161
Yahwehp. 163
The Wordp. 167
Allahp. 169
The Universalizing of the Archetype: God as Self and God Withinp. 173
The Chiefp. 174
Ta'aroap. 175
Krishna (II)p. 177
Brahmanp. 179
The Tao (I)p. 180
The Tao (II)p. 181
En Sofp. 182
Rumi's Godp. 183
The Big Bangp. 186
Selected Bibliographyp. 188
Indexp. 192
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195113877
ISBN-10: 019511387X
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 208
Published: 1st August 1997
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.55 x 18.97  x 1.17
Weight (kg): 0.18
Edition Number: 1