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Global Outsourcing and Offshoring : An Integrated Approach to Theory and Corporate Strategy - Farok J. Contractor

Global Outsourcing and Offshoring

An Integrated Approach to Theory and Corporate Strategy

By: Farok J. Contractor (Editor), Vikas Kumar (Editor), Sumit K. Kundu (Editor), Torben Pedersen (Editor)


Published: 1st January 2011
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Global Outsourcing and Offshoring deals with some of the most fundamental structural and organizational issues facing many companies today. It considers two key strategic decisions, firstly Outsourcing: which activities or functions should be kept in-house versus outsourced; and Offshoring: in which nation is a particular function or operation best performed? These are interrelated and simultaneous decisions that are changing the spatial and organizational configuration of entire industries. The book integrates academic theories from diverse fields, including Economics, Strategy, and Industrial Organization. Contributions are drawn from scholars from 11 nations, who relate theory to practice in the pharmaceutical, automobile, medical records, appliances, human resource management, and telecommunications fields.

Review of the hardback: 'This is an intriguing book. We have all heard about the rise of offshoring and outsourcing. Here, Contractor, Kumar, Kundu and Pedersen provide detailed and systematic evidence of how pervasive and invasive these trends have become. They also shed light on the consequences of offshoring and outsourcing - for the strategies of multinational corporations, for the policymakers who seek to attract overseas investment, and for our academic theories that seek to understand the nature of foreign investment and the sources of competitive advantage. This book is thoroughly researched and well written. It presents a bold and thought-provoking set of ideas about the future shape and size of the multinational corporation.' Julian Birkinshaw, London Business School
Review of the hardback: 'Global Outsourcing and Offshoring is a systematic and comprehensive volume on an increasingly important phenomenon. The editors have been able to assemble an impressive collection of studies ranging from theoretical to empirical contributions. The end result is a book that provides us with the state-of-the-art research on this subject, offering important hints and lessons for scholars, managers and policymakers worldwide.' Alfonso Gambardella, Bocconi University, Milan
Review of the hardback: 'Globalization and technological revolution are the two most important factors transforming the world economy today. A direct result of these twin developments has been the organizational and spatial dispersion of activities in almost every company's value chain. This is and will remain a growing trend in terms of scale, scope, as well as the complexity of the activities that are now being outsourced and offshored. Scholars as well as managers must understand the factors that drive these trends and differentiate between those outsourcing and offshoring moves that enhance performance versus those which merely reflect the playing out of a herd mentality. This compilation of scholarly articles sheds much-needed light on this growing and extremely important phenomenon. The first chapter by the editors is a masterpiece and it alone is worth the price of admission.' Anil K. Gupta, INSEAD Chaired Professor of Strategy, INSEAD
Review of the hardback: 'The contributors to this book explore how globalization has created the conditions for offshoring, which is found to be both efficient for firms and also welfare increasing for societies in both advanced and developing countries. The theoretical logic of the book is that the fine slicing of the value chain of the company provides the backbone for analysis of offshoring. Companies can improve their efficiency with an optimal allocation of its functions and operations across geographic space. This book will appeal to readers in the areas of international business, the legal environment of multinational enterprises, political economy and international economics.' Alan M. Rugman, University of Reading

List of figuresp. viii
List of tablesp. ix
List of boxesp. xii
Notes on contributorsp. xiii
Preface: the reconfiguration of the world economyp. xxv
Conceptual frameworks and theoriesp. 1
Global outsourcing and offshoring: in search of the optimal configuration for a companyp. 3
Globalization of R&D: offshoring innovative activity to emerging economiesp. 48
A theory of the outsourcing firmp. 73
The offshoring and outsourcing of R&D and innovative activitiesp. 105
Blurring firm R&D boundaries: integrating transaction costs and knowledge-based perspectivesp. 107
Outsourcing, fragmentation, and integration: the pharmaceutical industryp. 137
Towards a better understanding of multinational enterprises' R&D location choicesp. 168
Does R&D offshoring displace or strengthen knowledge production at home? Evidence from OECD countriesp. 191
Innovation across tech-firms' boundaries: a knowledge-based viewp. 210
Suitable organization forms for knowledge management at various R&D functions in decentralized and cooperative R&D networksp. 239
Management issues in offshoring and virtual teamworkp. 265
Changing work practices: acceptance of virtual work among knowledge professionals engaged in offshoring activitiesp. 267
Managing globally disaggregated teams: the role of organizational politicsp. 297
Empirical analyses and case studies of outsourcing and offshoringp. 325
Offshoring of high-value functions: a case study of US-India trade in medical transcription servicesp. 327
Offshoring of IT and business, professional, and technical services: the recent experience of the United Statesp. 355
Outsourcing human resource activitiesp. 378
Managing core outsourcing to address fast market growth: a study of an Indian mobile telecom service providerp. 402
Imitative offshoring strategies: lessons learnt from the Italian small domestic appliance industryp. 411
Indexp. 449
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521193535
ISBN-10: 0521193532
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 494
Published: 1st January 2011
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.88  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.66