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Global and Regional Climate Interaction : The Caspian Sea Experience - Sergei N. Rodionov

Global and Regional Climate Interaction

The Caspian Sea Experience

Hardcover Published: 30th April 1994
ISBN: 9780792327844
Number Of Pages: 243

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The Caspian Sea is the world's largest inland body of water both in area and volume. Its drainage area is approximately 3. 5 million square kilometers, extending 2500 km in length, 35°N to 600N, and on average 1000 km wide, 400E 0 to 60E (Fig. 1). Located in a large continental depression about 27 m below sea level and with no surface outlets, the Caspian Sea is particularly sensitive to climatic variations. As with other closed-basin lakes, its level depends on the balance between precipitation and evaporation, which is directly linked to atmospheric circulation. Because of its large area and volume of water, the Caspian Sea effectively. filters climatic noise, and as such may serve as a good indicator of climatic changes through observed changes in its water level. Recently, the Caspian Sea has come under increased attention from physical and social scientists owing to its unique natural characteristics as well as the' very important role it plays in the ecoriomil: !s of such countries as Azerbaijan" Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Iran. Dissolution of the Soviet Union and creation of new independent states resulted in difficult negotiations to divide the wealth of the Caspian Sea and to establish new economic zones. According to one assessment (Ratkovich, 1988), the Caspian Sea basin accounted for about one-third of the total economic output, one-fifth of the agricultural production, and one-third of the hydroelectric production of the former Soviet Union.

Introductionp. 1
Seasonal and Longer-Term Changes of Climatic Characteristics in the Caspian Sea Basinp. 11
General climate characteristicsp. 14
Long-term changes in the seasonal cyclep. 20
Interannual and longer-term changesp. 30
Temporal changes in the frequency structurep. 48
The Caspian Sea and Climatic Processes in the Northern Hemispherep. 58
Teleconnectionsp. 59
Atmospheric circulation patterns during a rise and decline in the CSLp. 68
The role of the North Atlanticp. 78
The extraordinary rise in the CSL after 1977p. 88
Climate and CSL changes during the past millenniump. 99
Forecasting the Caspian Sea Levelp. 112
Causes of the CSL fluctuationsp. 113
Comparative analysis of 'climatological' methodsp. 121
Instability of correlation relationshipsp. 130
An approach based on probabilistic logicp. 139
Experimental resultsp. 145
Caspian Sea Level and Anticipated Global Warmingp. 154
Global climate modellingp. 156
Paleoclimate analoguesp. 164
Climate of the 1980s and early 1990sp. 180
Concluding Remarksp. 196
Appendix: Fortran-Program for Constructing a Linkage Treep. 201
Referencesp. 207
Indexp. 235
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792327844
ISBN-10: 0792327845
Series: NATO Asi Series. Series C, Mathematical and Physical Science
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 243
Published: 30th April 1994
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.6
Weight (kg): 0.54