‘I am haunted by ghosts. When I heard Regina and Osvald out there, it was just was if there were ghosts before my very eyes’
The plays in this volume focus on the family and how it struggles to stay together by telling lies – and exposing them. In Ghosts, Osvald Alving returns home only to discover the truth about the father he always looked up to, and learns the horrific effect his father’s debauchery has had on him. It was Ibsen’s most provocative drama, stripping away the surface of a middle-class family to expose layers of hypocrisy and immorality.
A Public Enemy sets two brothers against each other when one wishes to make public the facts about the polluted water in the public baths of their home town.
And When We Dead Wake tells of an artist meeting an old lover by chance and rejecting his wife, in a symbolic exploration of Ibsen’s own literary life and the sacrifices he made in his work.
Peter Watt’s translation maintains the colloquial tone of the original dialogue. He has also provided an introduction and notes on the texts.
About The Author
Henrik Ibsen was born of well-to-do parents at Skien, a small Norwegian coastal town, on March 20, 1828. In 1836 his father went bankrupt, and the family was reduced to near poverty. At the age of fifteen, he was apprenticed to an apothecary in Grimstad. In 1850 Ibsen ventured to Christiania - present-day Oslo - as a student, with the hope of becoming a doctor. On the strength of his first two plays he was appointed “theater-poet” to the new Bergen National Theater, where he wrote five conventional romantic and historical dramas and absorbed the elements of his craft.
In 1857 he was called to the directorship of the financially unsound Christiania Norwegian Theater, which failed in 1862. In 1864, exhausted and enraged by the frustration of his efforts toward a national drama and theater, he quit Norway for what became twenty-seven years of voluntary exile abroad. In Italy he wrote the volcanic Brand (1866), which made his reputation and secured him a poet’s stipend from the government. Its companion piece, the phantasmagoric Peer Gynt, followed in 1867, then the immense double play, Emperor and Galilean (1873), expressing his philosophy of civilization.
Meanwhile, having moved to Germany, Ibsen had been searching for a new style. With The Pillars of Society he found it; this became the first of twelve plays, appearing at two-year intervals, that confirmed his international standing as the foremost dramatist of his age. In 1900 Ibsen suffered the first of several strokes that incapacitated him. He died in Oslo on May 23, 1906.
"From the standpoint of modern tragedy Ghosts strikes off in a new direction... Regular tragedy dealt mainly with the unhappy consequences of breaking the moral code. Ghosts, on the contrary, deals with the consequences of not breaking it." - Maurice Valency
Series: Penguin Classics
For Ages: 18+ years old
Number Of Pages: 304
Published: 1st January 1964
Publisher: Penguin Books Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 19.8 x 13.5 x 1.8
Weight (kg): 0.22
Edition Number: 1