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Geoscientists at Crime Scenes : A Companion to Forensic Geoscience - Rosa Maria Di Maggio

Geoscientists at Crime Scenes

A Companion to Forensic Geoscience

By: Rosa Maria Di Maggio (Editor), Pier Matteo Barone (Editor)


Published: 21st June 2017
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This book presents the forensic geoscience in general and, in particular, in Italy and their application to peculiar crimes.  Italy is internationally relevant due to the presence of different kinds of "geo-crimes" (in the first place, environmental mafia), and is emblematic to understanding the best way to fight these crimes.  This book will not only offer a new view point to comprehending these "geo-crimes", but also fresh and updated results of the different methods applied to fight against these crimes.  This book is unique in that it is not a collection of articles but an individual work with the same theme beginning with a state-of-the-art of these disciplines to their international value passing through several case studies.

"In this work, the science of forensics is brought to life with representative case histories, which are very well elucidated. Overall, this is an outstanding book in a nascent profession that, thus far, offers minimal writing, making this book an essential reference. Summing Up: Essential. Upper-division undergraduates and above; faculty and professionals." (T. L. T. Grose, Choice, Vol. 55 (6), February, 2018)

Preface Chapter 1 - Introduction to forensic geoscience 1.1 The Applications of forensic geoscience 1.2 Crime Scene Investigations 1.3 The geo-scientific approach to crime scene Chapter 2 - Geological materials on the crime scene 2.1 Minerals 2.2 Rocks 2.3 Sands 2.4 Dusts 2.5 Soils 2.6 Gems 2.7 Precious metals Chapter 3 - Pedology applied to forensics 3.1 Characteristics of forensic soils 3.2 Interdisciplinary in studies and forensic soil science analysis 3.3 The site survey in forensic soil science applications 3.4 The collection of evidence and preservation of traces of soil samples 3.5 The effects of wrong methods and operations during site surveys and evidence collection 3.6 Issues related to traces of soil Chapter 4 - Forensic Analysis of Soils and Geological Materials 4.1 Forensic laboratory analytical procedures for soils 4.2 Color analysis 4.3 The particle size analysis 4.4 Density analysis 4.5 Stereoscopic microscope analysis 4.6 Analysis by means of the polarizing microscope 4.7 X-ray diffraction analysis 4.8 SEM-EDX spectroscopy 4.9 Raman Spectroscopy 4.10 FT-IR spectroscopy 4.11 Thermal analysis Chapter 5 - Remote sensing applications in forensic investigations 5.1 Photointerpretation 5.2 Aerial photo parameters 5.3 Forensic photo-interpretation Appendix - A brief history of aerial photography in Italy Chapter 6 - Forensic Geomorphology 6.1. Overview 6.2. Principles and concepts of geomorphology 6.3. Geomorphological surveying 6.4. Determining the activity state of landforms 6.5. The detection of surface deposits Chapter 7 - Environmental Forensics 7.1 Inspections and historical research 7.2 Aerial photos and satellite footage 7.3 GPS surveys and DTM 7.4 Operating modes of sample collection 7.5 Packaging and transport 7.6 Worksite operating issues 7.7. Forensic environmental expert's activities Chapter 8 - Forensic Geophysics 8.1 Forensic geophysics 8.2 Pros and Cons of forensic geophysics 8.3 Cadaver dogs 8.4 Survey criticalities Appendix - How does GPR work Chapter 9 - Forensic Archaeology 9.1 Forensic archeology 9.2 Stratigraphic excavations at the crime scene 9.3 Forensic Archaeology and the integrated approach 9.4 Survey criticalities Chapter 10 - Quality, Expertise, and Ethics in Forensic Geoscience

ISBN: 9783319580470
ISBN-10: 3319580477
Series: Soil Forensics
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 237
Published: 21st June 2017
Publisher: Springer International Publishing AG
Country of Publication: CH
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.6
Weight (kg): 0.53