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Georgian : A Learner's Grammar - George Hewitt


A Learner's Grammar

Paperback Published: 23rd June 2005
ISBN: 9780415333719
Number Of Pages: 482

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This second edition of Georgian: A Learner's Grammar is a completely revised and updated guide to the fascinating and most widely spoken language of the Caucasus.

Presenting the language in the form of dialogues and reading passages, full attention is given to script reproduction and recognition, pronunciation, lexis and individual points of grammar.

Key features include:

* highlighting of verbal roots throughout
* new and varied exercises for practice of verb forms
* use of the new Georgian currency
* examples of Georgian literature, both poetry and prose, and each with its own self-contained vocabulary * a reference section providing an answer key, a Georgian-English glossary and an index of grammatical terms.

With a varied and extensive range of exercise work, this new edition provides a comprehensive and carefully graded grammar of Georgian that has been successful over a number of years of use in the classroom.

Industry Reviews

`There is no doubt that this book is necessary and unique. It has no serious rival.' -Donald Rayfield, Queen Mary College, University of London, UK

Preface to the second editionp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Handwritten examplesp. 9
p. 13
Greetings and introductionsp. 15
Citation form of nouns and adjectivesp. 16
Locative expressionsp. 16
Formation of adverbsp. 16
Asking questionsp. 17
Consonant-final wordsp. 17
Pronouns, possessive adjectives and possessive pronounsp. 17
Formalityp. 18
The present tense of to bep. 18
The verb of motion and similar formationsp. 19
p. 24
The plural of nounsp. 26
The dative casep. 27
The genitive casep. 27
Declension of the demonstrative adjectivesp. 28
Adjective agreement with datives and genitivesp. 28
Preverbsp. 29
Numbersp. 29
Telling the timep. 30
Days of the weekp. 31
Months of the yearp. 31
The present tense of the verbs stand up, sit down, lie downp. 32
Names denoting common relationships and possessivesp. 34
p. 37
Asking about and stating one's agep. 40
The comparative and superlative grades of adjectives and adverbsp. 40
The instrumental casep. 41
Adjective agreement with the instrumentalp. 41
Postpositionsp. 41
Summary of the past tense of irregular verbs from previous lessonsp. 43
Subject agreement markers within the verb for intransitive subjectsp. 44
p. 48
The division of the tense systemp. 52
Subject and direct object case marking and verbal agreement for Series I transitivesp. 52
Word orderp. 53
Transitive verbs in the present indicativep. 53
Neutral versionp. 55
Verb agreement with 3rd person plural subjectsp. 55
Syncope of -o- in nounsp. 56
The adverbial case of nounsp. 56
Adjective agreement with nouns in the adverbial casep. 56
The postposition -mde up top. 57
p. 61
Subjective versionp. 64
Indirect objectsp. 66
Locative versionp. 67
Indefinite pronouns and adverbsp. 68
Articlesp. 69
p. 75
The future indicative of transitive verbsp. 77
Object agreement affixesp. 79
Reflexivesp. 81
Emphatic pronounsp. 82
p. 87
Objective versionp. 90
Expressions with too, also, as wellp. 92
Emphatic interrogative particlep. 92
Relative clausesp. 92
The potential negativep. 93
The vocative casep. 94
Adjective agreement with the vocativep. 94
p. 100
The syntax of Series II transitive verbsp. 103
The ergative casep. 104
Declension types and agreement patternsp. 104
The aorist indicative forms of transitive verbsp. 106
p. 122
The formation of colloquial relative clausesp. 125
Temporal clauses meaning whenp. 126
Temporal clauses meaning whilep. 127
Manner clauses meaning as, likep. 128
Temporal clauses meaning as soon asp. 128
Temporal clauses meaning afterp. 129
Noun clausesp. 129
Causal clauses because, since, asp. 130
Simple conditional (if) clausesp. 130
The verb know in the present indicativep. 131
p. 136
The formation of the present and future indicatives of intransitive verbsp. 140
Meaning and syntax of Class 2 intransitive verbsp. 145
The marking of intransitive verbs with indirect objectsp. 146
Some anomalies among the intransitivesp. 150
Some irregular future indicativesp. 151
p. 160
The formation of the aorist indicative of intransitive verbsp. 165
The syntax required by intransitive verbs in Series IIp. 171
The medial verbs in the present, future and aorist indicativesp. 173
The syntax of medial verbsp. 177
Version as a change of tense markerp. 177
p. 185
The formation of the aorist subjunctive for transitives, intransitives and medialsp. 187
Some uses of the aorist subjunctivep. 194
How to give an instruction in the imperativep. 196
How to construct expressions of prohibitionp. 198
p. 205
Stative verbsp. 209
The indirect verbsp. 210
How to say X wants to [verb] and X can [verb]p. 219
How to express the notion conveyp. 219
How to say know in the future indicativep. 220
Forms of the more important stative verbsp. 221
p. 229
Formation of the imperfect indicative, present subjunctive, conditional and future subjunctivep. 232
Expressions of the type If X were to (be) [verb](ing), Y would [verb]p. 238
Constructing imperatives from verbs without an aorist indicativep. 239
Constructing expressions of the type X ought to be [verb]ingp. 240
Expressions of purpose relating to the futurep. 240
Some other verbs that take the aorist subjunctivep. 241
p. 249
The perfect forms of transitive and medial verbsp. 252
How to say X did not [verb]p. 259
Three colloquial uses for the perfectp. 260
The construction of sentences containing although/even ifp. 261
Expressions like X is so [adjective] that [clause]p. 261
Negativesp. 262
p. 269
The formation and meaning of the pluperfect of transitive and medial verbsp. 272
How to express the idea X should/ought to have [verb]edp. 279
How to express a purpose relating to the pastp. 280
How to express conditions of the type If X had [verb]edp. 281
Examples of word formationp. 282
p. 289
The main function of preverbs in the Modern Georgian verbal systemp. 293
The formation and functions of the verbal noun 'masdar'p. 295
The formation and functions of participlesp. 298
Expressing at the time of [verb]ingp. 310
p. 318
The formation of the perfect of intransitive verbsp. 322
The formation of the perfect of indirect verbsp. 328
The structure of the perfect for stative verbsp. 330
Reported speechp. 331
p. 342
The formation of the pluperfect of intransitive verbsp. 344
The formation of the pluperfect of indirect verbsp. 348
The formation of the pluperfect for stative verbsp. 350
Clauses introduced by the conjunctions before and untilp. 350
Some patterns of word formationp. 352
Some useful sets of vocabularyp. 354
p. 365
The form and use of the IIIrd subjunctivep. 370
The form and function of causative verbsp. 374
An alternative passivep. 380
An alternative Series III for transitive verbsp. 381
Indefinite clausesp. 381
A glossary of grammatical termsp. 392
Key to the exercisesp. 398
Georgian-English vocabularyp. 421
Translations of literary textsp. 474
Indexp. 481
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415333719
ISBN-10: 0415333717
Series: Routledge Essential Grammars
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: Caucasian
Number Of Pages: 482
Published: 23rd June 2005
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.37 x 16.0  x 2.64
Weight (kg): 0.74
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: New edition