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Geographic Information Systems in Oceanography and Fisheries - Vasilis D. Valavanis

Geographic Information Systems in Oceanography and Fisheries

Hardcover Published: 1st September 2002
ISBN: 9780415284639
Number Of Pages: 209

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Over the last two decades there has been increasing recognition that problems in oceanography and fisheries sciences and related marine areas are nearly all manifest in the spatio-temporal domain. Geographical Information Systems (GIS), the natural framework for spatial data handling, are being recognized as powerful tools with useful applications in marine sciences. Geographic Information Systems in Oceanography and Fisheries provides a thorough examination of marine GIS applications that include a wide variety of methods and sophisticated approaches in coastal, continental shelf, and deep ocean studies. It presents new innovative approaches of using GIS in the examination of the dynamic relations that characterize the marine world, including marine GIS macro routines for the development of oceanography and fisheries GIS tools and applications.
This book is divided into four parts. The first gives an overview of marine GIS, including conceptual issues on marine spatial thinking and models of marine GIS development. The second and third parts examine the main sampling methods and online sources of spatially referenced data, and discuss application examples and innovative approaches in GIS developments for many oceanographic and fisheries tasks. The fourth part presents GIS technical issues by listing marine GIS routines for a wide array of GIS tasks.
Anyone with interests in marine GIS development, physical and biological oceanography, fisheries and information based proposals for ocean and fisheries resource management will find this book useful.

List of colour platesp. ix
List of figuresp. x
List of tablesp. xii
Forewordp. xiii
Prefacep. xvi
Marine Geographic Information Systemsp. 1
Introductionp. 1
The Essential Goal of Marine GISp. 10
Spatial Thinking and GIS Analysis in the Marine Contextp. 12
Conceptual Model of a Marine GISp. 19
GIS and Scientific Visualisation Systemsp. 23
Software Issues and Packages for Marine GIS Developmentp. 26
Summaryp. 27
Referencesp. 28
GIS and Oceanographyp. 35
Introductionp. 35
The Use of GIS in Various Fields of Oceanographyp. 38
Marine Geologyp. 38
Flood Assessmentp. 40
Coastal and Ocean Managementp. 41
Coastal Zone Dynamicsp. 43
Marine Oil Spillsp. 44
Sea-Level Risep. 45
Natural and Artificial Reefsp. 46
Wetlands and Watershedsp. 47
Submerged Aquatic Vegetationp. 48
Worldwide Oceanographic GIS Initiativesp. 48
Online Oceanographic GIS Toolsp. 50
Oceanographic Data Sampling Methodsp. 55
Oceanographic Data Sources and GIS Databasesp. 59
Identification and Measurement of Upwelling Eventsp. 70
Identification of Temperature and Chlorophyll Frontsp. 74
Identification and Measurement of Gyresp. 79
Classification of Surface Watersp. 82
Mapping of the Seabedp. 85
Summaryp. 90
Referencesp. 92
GIS and Fisheriesp. 111
Introductionp. 111
Worldwide Fisheries GIS Tools and Initiativesp. 115
GIS Applications in Marine and Inland Fisheries and Aquaculturep. 121
Marine Fisheriesp. 123
Aquaculturep. 127
Inland Fisheriesp. 130
Fisheries Data Sampling Methodsp. 131
Fisheries Data Sources and GIS Databasesp. 135
Mapping Production, Biological and Genetic Datap. 140
Mapping of Spawning Groundsp. 147
Mapping Environmental Variation of Productionp. 149
Mapping Migration Corridorsp. 153
Mapping Seasonal Essential Habitatsp. 155
GIS and Fisheries Managementp. 160
Summaryp. 164
Referencesp. 165
Instead of an Epiloguep. 185
Referencesp. 188
GIS Routines for Chapter Twop. 191
GIS Routines for Chapter Threep. 201
Indexp. 205
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415284639
ISBN-10: 0415284635
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 209
Published: 1st September 2002
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.88  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.54
Edition Number: 1