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Genocide in Bosnia : The Policy of

Genocide in Bosnia

The Policy of "Ethnic Cleansing"

Paperback Published: 19th December 1995
ISBN: 9781585440047
Number Of Pages: 264

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Few events in history have received as much real-time exposure as the atrocities in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Few dilemmas have perplexed peacekeepers and negotiators as has the victimization of Muslims in the former Yugoslavia. With the memories of the Jewish holocaust so freshly etched in people's memories, could such genocide have happened again? What catalysts vault nationalism across the threshold into inhumanity?

In this compelling and thorough study, Norman Cigar sets out to prove that genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina is not simply the unintentional result of civil war nor the unfortunate by-product of rabid nationalism. Genocide is, he contends, the planned and direct consequence of conscious policy decisions taken by the Serbian establishment in Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. Its policies were carried out in a deliberate and systematic manner as part of a broader strategy intended to achieve a defined political objective—the creation of an expanded, ethnically pure Greater Serbia.

Using testimony from congressional hearings, policy statements, interviews, and reports from the western and local media, the author describes a sinister policy of victimization that escalated from vilification to threats, then expulsion, torture, and killing. Cigar also takes the international community to task for its reluctance to act decisively and effectively. "The longer the world did nothing concrete about Bosnia-Herzegovina, the more unlikely it became that the situation would be reversed, as the country was torn apart or its population scattered or killed."

Genocide in Bosnia provides a detailed account of the historical events, actions, and practices that led to and legitimated genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina. It focuses attention not only on the horror of "ethnic cleansing" and the calculated strategy that allowed it to happen but also offers some interesting solutions to the problem. Cigar's book is important reading for anyone interested in the inherent violence of overzealous nationalism—from Rwanda to Afghanistan and anywhere else.

"Cigar . . . breaks two taboos in this meticulously documented, lucidly written study. He focuses attention on the Serbian Orthodox Church . . . And he indicts the political `opposition' in Serbia across the spectrum. . . . Cigar has provided a unique resource that answers the immediate questions and lays out a roadmap for further research."--Roy Gutman

List of Illustrationsp. xi
Forewordp. xiii
Acknowledgmentsp. xv
Genocide: The Terms of Referencep. 3
The Historical Context: Analytical Tool or Straitjacket?p. 11
The Preparatory Phase: Paving the Road to Genocidep. 22
The Responsibility Dilemma: Did the Muslims Have an Option?p. 38
The Implementation Phase: Fortunes of War or Recognizable Pattern?p. 47
Motivating the Perpetrator: The Serbian Establishment's Calculationsp. 62
The Denial Syndrome: The Serbian Perspectivep. 86
The Denial Syndrome: The Victims and Bystandersp. 107
Spin-Off War Crimes in Bosnia-Herzegovina: The Victimization Processp. 123
Stopping Genocide: Could More Have Been Done?p. 139
Must a Victim Remain Defenseless? A Case for Self-Defensep. 166
Heading for the End-State: The Continuing Humanitarian Dilemmap. 181
Appendixesp. 201
Notesp. 209
Indexp. 243
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781585440047
ISBN-10: 1585440043
Series: Eastern European Studies (Paperback)
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 264
Published: 19th December 1995
Publisher: TEXAS A & M UNIV PR
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.91 x 15.29  x 1.68
Weight (kg): 0.43