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Genetics, Speciation, and the Founder Principle - L.V. Giddings

Genetics, Speciation, and the Founder Principle

By: L.V. Giddings (Editor), Kenneth Y. Kaneshiro (Editor), Wyatt W. Anderson (Editor)

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This volume describes the genetic mechanisms that govern the development and evolution of animals and plants. In particular, the book focuses on animal and plant species evolving in isolated habitats and species colonizing new territories. This approach - studying "founder" populations - enables geneticists to more readily identify some of the evolutionary pressures affecting the speciation process. The Founder Principle in population genetics was elucidated in large part by Hampton Carson in classic studies of Hawaiian fruit flies (Drosophilia). The editors of this volume have commissioned seventeen chapters by an internationally recognized group of geneticists who discuss the Founder Principle in relation to plant speciation, chromosomal evolution, molecular evolution and development, sexual selection, and genetic changes in natural populations. The volume was organized as a tribute to Professor Carson on the occasion of his retirement from the University of Hawaii.

"These essays explore the nature and importance of the "founder effect"--a genetic phenomenon considered to be increasingly important to the formation of species in plants and animals . . . . Contributors include such well-known longtime researchers as James V. Neel and Ledyard Stebbins. For an audience sophisticated in genetics, including upper-division undergraduates and graduate students." --Choice "This book should be consulted by all those interested in speciation. It is a definitive statement of ideas from the "Hawaiian school" of evolution, including a new theory from Kaneshiro about the effect of founder events on female preferences. Many of the papers are of wider interest than the title of the volume might suggest, and address such diverse subjects as adaptive radiation in plants, karyotypic evolution, sexual selection, and the genetics of the Yanomama Indians." --The Quarterly Review of Biology

PART I: Historical Perspective 1: W. Anderson, K. Kaneshiro, L. V. Giddings: H. L. Carson: Interviews Toward an Intellectual History 2: W. B. Provine: Founder Effects and Genetic Revolutions in Microevolution and Speciation: A Historical Perspective PART II: Plant Speciation and the Founder Principle 3: G. D. Carr et al.: Adaptive Radiation of the Hawaiian Silversword Alliance: A Comparison with Hawaiian Picture-Winged Drosophila 4: F. R. Ganders: Adaptive Radiation in Hawaiian Bidens 5: G. L. Stebbins: Plant Speciation and the Founder Principle PART III: Founder Effects and Chromosomal Evolution 6: J. S. Yoon: Chromosomal Evolution and Speciation in Hawaiian Drosophila 7: Is There a Role for Meiotic Drive in Karyotype Evolution? T. W. Lyttle PART IV: Founder Effects in Molecular Evolution and Developmental Biology 8: J. A. Hunt et al.: Genomic DNA Variation Within and Between Closely Related Species of Hawaiian Drosophila 9: W. J. Dickinson: Gene Regulation and Evolution PART V: A Classical Counterpoint 10: E. Nevo: The Nature and Role of Peripheral Isolates in the Origin of Species PART VI: Founder Effects and Sexual Selection 11: J. R. Powell: The Effects of Founder-Flush Cycles on Ethological Isolation in Laboratory Populations of Drosophila 12: W. B. Heed: Origin of Drosophila of the Sonoran Desert: In Search for a Founder Event 13: K. Y. Kaneshiro: The Dynamics of Sexual Selection and Founder Effects in Species Formation PART VII: Founder Effects and Genetic Changes in Natural Populations 14: J. V. Neel: Human Evolution and the "Founder-Flush" Principle 15: A. T. Ohta: The Genetic Basis of Adaptive Evolution in the Grimshawi species complex of Hawaiian Drosophila 16: A. R. Templeton: Founder Effects and the Evolution of Reproductive Isolation 17: H. L. Carson: Genetic Imbalance, Realigned Selection and the Origin of Species

ISBN: 9780195043150
ISBN-10: 0195043154
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 392
Published: 1st June 1989
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.0 x 15.0  x 2.7
Weight (kg): 0.97