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Genetic Response of Forest Systems to Changing Environmental Conditions : Forestry Sciences - Gerhard Muller-Starck

Genetic Response of Forest Systems to Changing Environmental Conditions

Forestry Sciences

By: Gerhard Muller-Starck (Editor), Roland Schubert (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 31st December 2001
ISBN: 9781402002366
Number Of Pages: 366

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The focus of this book is the complex impact of environmental stress on the genomes of forest tree species and the genetic structures of populations in the light of globally changing environmental conditions. This book refers to the genetic and phenotypic response to stress, it compiles information on geographically structured genetic variation and its dynamics, it takes into account forest genetic resources, new tools and concepts in forest genetics as well as chances and limitations of tree improvement. It is structured into four parts: (1) Verification of response to stress; (2) Genetic variation under diverse environmental conditions; (3) Genetic resources, reproduction, management; and (4) Tree breeding for uncertain future environments. This book particularly addresses scientists, lecturers and advanced students in the fields of genetics, ecology, conservation biology and various forest sciences. Moreover, it should be useful for decision-makers in the fields of the management of forest genetic resources, of nature conservation, of forest management and tree improvement.

Contributorsp. XI
Verification of Response to Stress
Stress responses in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.). Cloning and characterisation of an ozone-inducible pinosylvin methyltransferasep. 1
Screening of Sitka spruce genotypes for resistance to the White Pine Weevil in British Columbiap. 11
Genetic variation in two heavily polluted stands of Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) as indicated by nuclear and organelle DNA markersp. 21
Effects of extreme SO[subscript 2]-air pollution in winter 1995/96 on vitality and growth of SO[subscript 2]-tolerant Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) clones in the Ore mountainsp. 35
Variation in adaptation and growth as indicated by provenance trial Platycladus orientalis (L.) Francop. 51
Influence of nursery environment and pollution on aldersp. 63
Genetic Variation Under Diverse Environmental Conditions
Small scale spatial genetic structure of six tropical tree species in French Guianap. 75
Genetic variation in natural populations of Araucaria angustifolia (Bert.) O. Kuntze in Brazilp. 93
Microsatellite DNA markers and their usefulness in poplars, and conservation of microsatellite DNA loci in Salicaceaep. 105
PCR-RFLP analysis of introns of nuclear genes in Populus and Prunusp. 117
Genetic types in white oak populations north of the Alps and in the Danube valleyp. 129
Highly polymorphic uniparentally inherited DNA markers for spatial genetic analysis of silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) populationsp. 139
Levels of genetic differentiation in Pinus halepensis Mill. in Spain using quantitative traits, isozymes, RAPDs and cp-microsatellitesp. 151
Geographical variation of gene diversity of Pinus pinaster Ait. in the Iberian Peninsulap. 161
Is autochthony an operational concept?p. 173
Genetic Resources, Reproduction, Management
Molecular markers in sustainable management, conservation, and restoration of forest genetic resourcesp. 187
Sustainable treatment of resources: The genetic basisp. 203
Genetic diversity and differentiation of individual effective pollen clouds in treesp. 223
Microsatellite analysis of small anonymous seedlot samples from pedunculate oak (Quercus robur): a promising approach to monitor the number of different seed parents and pollen donorsp. 239
Fructification and genetic structures of Fagus sylvatica mixed stands in upper regions of the Harz mountainsp. 251
Dispersal of seed and effective pollen in small stands of European beech (Fagus Sylvatica L.)p. 259
Patterns of seed dispersal in a scattered forest tree species (Sorbus torminalis) based on multi-scale investigation of population genetic structure for chloroplast DNAp. 271
Gene flow and mating system in a seedling seed orchard and a natural stand of Pinus merkusii Jungh. et de Vriese in Indonesiap. 281
The pattern of genetic variation in Pinus nigra subspecies pallasiana natural populations from the Kazdagi and Bolkar mountains, Turkey: Implications for in situ gene conservationp. 293
Genetic variation of silver fir (Abies alba) in unevenaged forests ("Plenter" forest) in comparison with evenaged forests (Altersklassenwald)p. 307
Tree Breeding for Uncertain Future Environments
Multiple population breeding for uncertain climatic futures with Alnus rubra: ecological genetics and selection experimentsp. 321
Early growth characteristics of some Abies hybridsp. 331
Field testing of model populations of Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) with different genetic structures for reforestation in air polluted regionsp. 339
Provenance-environment interactions of Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.) on German and Hungarian test sitesp. 353
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402002366
ISBN-10: 140200236X
Series: Forestry Sciences
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 366
Published: 31st December 2001
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.62