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Genes And Future People : Philosophical Issues In Human Genetics - Walter Glannon

Genes And Future People

Philosophical Issues In Human Genetics

Paperback Published: 3rd December 2001
ISBN: 9780813365602
Number Of Pages: 227

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Advances in genetic technology in general and medical genetics in particular will enable us to intervene in the process of human biological development which extends from zygotes and embryos to people. This will allow us to control to a great extent the identities and the length and quality of the lives of people who already exist, as well as those we bring into existence in the near and distant future. "Genes and Future People" explores two general philosophical questions, one metaphysical, the other moral: (1) How do genes, and different forms of genetic intervention (gene therapy, genetic enhancement, presymptomatic genetic testing of adults, genetic testing of preimplantation embryos), affect the identities of the people who already exist and those we bring into existence? and (2) How do these interventions benefit or harm the people we cause to exist in the near future and those who will exist in the distant future by satisfying or defeating their interest in having reasonably long and disease-free lives?"Genes and Future People" begins by explaining the connection between genes and disease, placing genetic within a framework of evolutionary biology. It then discusses such topics as how genes and genetic intervention influence personal identity, what genetic testing of individuals and the knowledge resulting from it entails about responsibility to others who may be at risk, as well as how gene therapy and genetic enhancement can affect the identities of people and benefit or harm them. Furthermore, it discusses various moral aspects of cloning human beings and body parts. Finally, it explores the metaphysical and moral implications of genetic manipulation of the mechanisms of aging to extend the human life span.The aim "Genes and Future People" is to move philosophers, bioethicists, and readers in general to reflect on the extent to which genes determine whether we are healthy or diseased, our identities as persons, the quality of our lives, and our moral obligations to future generations of people.

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
The Reach of Genes: Biology, Metaphysics, Moralityp. 9
Genes and Disease
Biological and Personal Identity
Two Senses of "Life"
How Genes Influence the Identities of Persons
Moral Implications
Conclusion
Genetic Information, Obligation, and the Prevention of Livesp. 41
Genetic Testing, Screening, and Information
Moral Asymmetry and Harm
Life Stages
Should Some Lives Be Prevented?
Giving Priority to the Worse Off
Conclusion
Gene Therapy and Genetic Enhancementp. 79
Gene Therapy: Problems and a Paradox
Access and Allocation Issues
Genetic Enhancement
Negative and Positive Eugenics: Is There a Slippery Slope?
Conclusion
The Morality of Human Cloningp. 109
Biological Factors
Means and Ends
Cloning Body Parts
Eugenics Again?
Conclusion
Extending the Human Life Spanp. 135
Cells and Senescence
An Evolutionary Trade-Off
Intergenerational Equality and Fairness
Prudential Concern About the Future
Conclusion
Notesp. 169
Bibliographyp. 191
Indexp. 207
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780813365602
ISBN-10: 0813365600
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 227
Published: 3rd December 2001
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.23 x 15.24  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.3
Edition Number: 1

Earn 241 Qantas Points
on this Book