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Gender : Landmarks of World Literature (Hardcover) - Greville G. Corbett

Gender

Landmarks of World Literature (Hardcover)

Hardcover Published: 26th April 1991
ISBN: 9780521329392
Number Of Pages: 384

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Gender is a fascinating category, central and pervasive in some languages and totally absent in others. In this new, comprehensive account of gender systems, over 200 languages are discussed, from English and Russian to Archi and Chichewa. Detailed analysis of individual languages provides clear illustrations of specific types of system. Gender distinction is often based on sex; sometimes this is only one criterion and the gender of nouns depends on other factors (thus 'house' is masculine in Russian, feminine in French and neuter in Tamil). Some languages have comparable distinctions such as human/non-human, animate/inanimate, where sex is irrelevant. No other textbook surveys gender across this range of languages. Gender will be invaluable both for class use and as a reference resource for students and researchers in linguistics.

List of figuresp. xiii
List of tablesp. xv
Prefacep. xvii
List of abbreviationsp. xix
introductionp. 1
Gender in the languages of the worldp. 1
General approach and outline of the bookp. 2
Presentation of datap. 6
gender assignment i: semantic systemsp. 7
Strict semantic systemsp. 8
Tamil and other Dravidian languagesp. 8
Other strict semantic systemsp. 11
Predominantly semantic systemsp. 13
Zandep. 14
Dyirbalp. 15
Ketp. 19
Ojibwa and other Algonquian languagesp. 20
Lak and other Caucasian languagesp. 24
Other partially semantic systemsp. 29
The criteria on which semantic systems are basedp. 30
Conclusionp. 32
gender assignment ii: formal systemsp. 33
Morphological systemsp. 34
Russianp. 34
Swahili and other Bantu languagesp. 43
The features on which morphological systems are basedp. 49
Phonological systemsp. 51
Qafarp. 51
Hausap. 52
Godie and other Kru languagesp. 53
Yimasp. 55
Frenchp. 57
The features on which phonological systems are basedp. 62
General characteristics of assignment systemsp. 62
Overt and covert genderp. 62
Overlapping of assignment criteriap. 63
Problematic nounsp. 66
Conclusionp. 68
the psycholinguistic status of gender assignmentp. 70
Borrowingsp. 70
Assignment of borrowings by normal rulesp. 71
Claims for special assignment rulesp. 75
Child language acquisitionp. 82
Experimental evidencep. 89
Residual meaning of genderp. 92
Diachronic evidencep. 97
Conclusionp. 104
gender agreementp. 105
Elements showing gender agreementp. 106
The form of gender agreementp. 115
The morphology of gender agreementp. 115
Alliterative concordp. 117
A complex example: Khinalugp. 119
Limits on gender agreementp. 123
Syntactic restrictionsp. 124
Interaction with tensep. 125
Interaction with personp. 126
Interaction with numberp. 132
Interaction with casep. 132
Morphological classp. 133
Phonological constraintsp. 134
Lexical restrictionsp. 134
Lack of agreement: classifiersp. 136
The gaining and losing of gender agreementp. 137
Conclusionp. 143
establishing the number of gendersp. 145
Termsp. 146
Agreement classesp. 147
Controller genders and target gendersp. 150
The relation of gender and numberp. 154
Relation to semanticsp. 158
The relation of controller genders to target gendersp. 159
The maximalist problemp. 161
Subgendersp. 161
Overdifferentiated targets and pronominal gender systemsp. 168
Inquorate gendersp. 170
Defective nounsp. 175
Consistent agreement patternsp. 176
Combined gender systemsp. 184
Conclusionp. 188
target genders: syncretism and enforced gender formsp. 189
Gender and numberp. 189
Syncretism: further examples of convergent and crossed systemsp. 190
Types of syncretismp. 194
Diachronic implicationsp. 198
Neutral agreementp. 203
The problemp. 204
Strategy 1: the use of a regular gender/number formp. 205
Strategy 2: the use of a unique neutral agreement formp. 214
Extension of use of neutral agreement formsp. 216
Neutral agreement: summing upp. 217
Gender agreement with noun phrases involving reference problemsp. 218
Use of one possible form by conventionp. 219
Use of an 'evasive' formp. 221
Use of a special formp. 223
No strategyp. 223
Conclusionp. 223
hybrid nouns and the agreement hierarchyp. 225
The Agreement Hierarchyp. 225
Datap. 226
Wider considerationsp. 236
Personal pronounsp. 241
Diachronyp. 248
Conclusionp. 259
gender resolution rulesp. 261
Features requiring resolutionp. 262
Person resolutionp. 262
Number resolutionp. 263
Gender resolutionp. 264
The application of resolution rulesp. 264
Agreement with one conjunctp. 265
Factors favouring resolutionp. 267
Semantic gender resolutionp. 269
Syntactic gender resolutionp. 279
Mixed semantic and syntactic gender resolutionp. 284
Strategies for gender resolutionp. 290
Markedness: an inadequate motivationp. 290
Semantic justification and clear marking of pluralityp. 293
Diachronyp. 299
Conclusionp. 306
generalizations and prospectsp. 307
Meaning and formp. 307
A perspective on gender systemsp. 307
Earlier research on genderp. 308
Diachronyp. 310
The rise of gender systemsp. 310
The development of gender systemsp. 312
The decline of gender systemsp. 315
Prospectsp. 318
Descriptive studiesp. 319
The function of genderp. 320
Collaborative workp. 323
Referencesp. 324
Author indexp. 352
Language indexp. 357
Subject indexp. 361
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521329392
ISBN-10: 0521329396
Series: Landmarks of World Literature (Hardcover)
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 384
Published: 26th April 1991
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.73

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