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Gender and Conversational Interaction : Oxford Studies in Sociolinguistics - Deborah Tannen

Gender and Conversational Interaction

Oxford Studies in Sociolinguistics

By: Deborah Tannen (Editor)

Paperback Published: 23rd September 1993
ISBN: 9780195081947
Number Of Pages: 352

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The author of the best-selling You Just Don't Understand, Deborah Tannen, has collected twelve papers about gender-related patterns in conversational interaction. The theoretical thrust of the collection, like that of Tannen's own work, is anthropological and sociolinguistic: female and male styles are approached as different "cultural" practice. Beginning with Tannen's own essay arguing for the relativity of discourse strategies, the volume challenges facile generalizations about gender-based styles and explores the complex relationship between gender and language use. The chapters, some previously unpublished and some classics in the field, address discourse across the lifespan, including preschool, junior high school, and adult interaction. They explore such varied discourse contexts as preschool disputes, romantic and sexual teasing among adolescent girls, cooperative competition in adolescent "girl talk," conversational storytelling, a faculty committee meeting, children in an urban black neighborhood at play, and a legal dispute in a Tenejapan village in Mexico. Two chapters review and evaluate the literature on key areas of gender-related linguistic phenomena: interruption and amount of talk. Gender and Conversational Interaction will interest general readers as well as students and scholars in a variety of disciplines including linguistics, sociolinguistics, anthropology, sociology, psychology, women's studies, and communications.

"This will be an excellent text for gender classes and for social psychology classes. Current, well-researched chapters with generous references, solid data, and a respectable base of theory."--M. Karraker, University of St. Thomas "This volume is a useful addition to the language and gender literature....Everyone will find something of value in this volume, and the reprinting of Edelsky's fine paper cannot be too loudly applauded."--Applied Linguistics "This important volume provides sophisticated theorizing on both gender and discourse. Gender in Conversational Interaction will help us clarify complex issues of theoretical and methodological research on the study of gender and language, and it will be immensely useful in courses on the topic.... There is a fine line between generalization and a stereotype; because of this insightful book, progress will be made in knowing where that line lies."--Language in Society "The empirical studies and critical reviews Tannen has collected cogently explain why we can no longer be satisfied with facile generalizations about differences between men's and women's discourse."--Discourse and Society "This will be an excellent text for gender classes and for social psychology classes. Current, well-researched chapters with generous references, solid data, and a respectable base of theory."--M. Karraker, University of St. Thomas "This volume is a useful addition to the language and gender literature....Everyone will find something of value in this volume, and the reprinting of Edelsky's fine paper cannot be too loudly applauded."--Applied Linguistics "This important volume provides sophisticated theorizing on both gender and discourse. Gender in Conversational Interaction will help us clarify complex issues of theoretical and methodological research on the study of gender and language, and it will be immensely useful in courses on the topic.... There is a fine line between generalization and a stereotype; because of this insightful book, progress will be made in knowing where that line lies."--Language in Society "The empirical studies and critical reviews Tannen has collected cogently explain why we can no longer be satisfied with facile generalizations about differences between men's and women's discourse."--Discourse and Society

Editor's Introductionp. 3
Overview of the Chaptersp. 6
Notesp. 11
Referencesp. 11
Talking Among Friends
"Go Get Ya a French!": Romantic and Sexual Teasing Among Adolescent Girlsp. 17
An Ethnographic and Sociolinguistic Approachp. 19
Teasing About Romantic and Sexual Behaviorp. 20
Dealing with Multiple Social Concerns Through Teasingp. 24
Discussionp. 29
Notesp. 30
Referencesp. 30
Cooperative Competition in Adolescent "Girl Talk"p. 32
Women and Symbolic Capitalp. 33
Female Symbolic Capital in the High School Settingp. 35
The Girl Talkp. 38
Talk About Boysp. 41
Third Partiesp. 41
Asking Boys Outp. 49
Popular Boysp. 52
Flawsp. 55
Conclusionp. 60
Notesp. 60
Referencesp. 61
Community and Contest: Midwestern Men and Women Creating Their Worlds in Conversational Storytellingp. 62
Discourse, Gender, and Worldp. 68
Men's and Women's Narrative Worldsp. 69
Language and Storyworldp. 71
A Community Storyp. 74
Discussionp. 75
Notesp. 76
Referencesp. 77
Conflict Talk
Pickle Fights: Gendered Talk in Preschool Disputesp. 83
Introductionp. 83
Gender Socialization Through Languagep. 83
Gender Socialization Through Language Socializationp. 83
Gender Role Socialization Through Peer Talk and Peer Playp. 84
Gender Differences in Dispute Managementp. 86
Two Models of Gendered Styles in Children's Talkp. 87
Affiliative Versus Adversarial Stylesp. 87
Focus on the Relationship Versus Focus on the Selfp. 88
Female-Associated Conflict Style: Focus on the Relationshipp. 89
Male-Associated Conflict Style: Focus on the Selfp. 89
The Pickle Fightsp. 90
Methodp. 90
Differences in the Use of the Pretend Frame by the Girls and the Boysp. 91
The Girls' Session: Preliminary Discussionp. 92
The Girls' Pickle Fightp. 94
The Boys' Session: Preliminary Discussionp. 97
The Boys' Pickle Fightp. 99
Conclusionp. 104
Notesp. 106
Referencesp. 106
Tactical Uses of Stories: Participation Frameworks Within boys' and Girls' Disputesp. 110
Introductionp. 110
Fieldwork and Theoretical Approachp. 111
Stories Within Disputes of Boysp. 112
Disputes Built Through Reciprocal Countersp. 112
Using a Story to Restructure a Disputep. 114
Participant Frameworks Invoked by the Storyp. 115
Audience Alignment Toward Opponent/Story Characterp. 116
Building a Multiparty Consensusp. 118
Girls' Storiesp. 119
Structure in Telling and Listening to Instigating Storiesp. 120
Cited Characters and Current Participantsp. 122
Recipient Responsesp. 125
A Comparison of Boys' and Girls' Dispute Storiesp. 127
The Childrenp. 130
Transcriptionp. 130
Boys' Dispute Storyp. 131
Girls' Dispute Storyp. 135
Notesp. 141
Referencesp. 142
Gender, Politeness, and Confrontation in Tenejapap. 144
Current Themes in Language and Gender Researchp. 145
Ethnographic Backgroundp. 146
Norms of Interactionp. 146
Casual Conversational Stylep. 147
Arenas for Conflictp. 149
A Tenejapan Court Casep. 149
Format and Proceduresp. 149
The Case of the Runaway Daughter-in-Lawp. 150
Interaction in the Courtroom Contextp. 152
Speech Event Demarcationp. 152
Participantsp. 152
Turn-Taking Structurep. 152
Conclusionp. 156
Notesp. 159
Referencesp. 161
The Relativity of Discourse Strategies
The Relativity of Linguistic Strategies: Rethinking Power and Solidarity in Gender and Dominancep. 165
Introductionp. 165
Overview of the Chapterp. 166
Theoretical Backgroundp. 166
Power and Solidarityp. 166
The Ambiguity of Linguistic Strategiesp. 167
The Polysemy of Power and Solidarityp. 168
Similarity/Differencep. 170
The Relativity of Linguistic Strategiesp. 173
Indirectnessp. 173
Interruptionp. 175
Silence Versus Volubilityp. 176
Topic Raisingp. 178
Adversativeness: Conflict and Verbal Aggressionp. 179
Conclusionp. 183
Notesp. 184
Referencesp. 185
Who's Got the Floor?p. 189
Introductionp. 189
Theoretical Prods for the Studyp. 190
Initial Proceduresp. 191
A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Focusp. 191
A New Focusp. 200
Turns and Floors in the Literaturep. 200
One-At-A-Timep. 200
Turnsp. 201
Floorp. 204
Partial Answer to the First Research Question: What Is the Floor?p. 207
Turn and Floor Definedp. 207
Procedure for Analyzing the Data Objectivelyp. 212
Preparing the Data for Analysisp. 212
Inducing the Variablesp. 213
Data Analysisp. 214
Counted Resultsp. 215
Differences Between the Two Types of Floorsp. 215
Gender Differencesp. 219
Conclusionsp. 221
Notesp. 222
Referencesp. 224
Critical Reviews of the Literature
Women, Men, and Interruptions: A Critical Reviewp. 231
Overview of Research Results: Questions in Need of Answersp. 231
The Use of the Term "Interruption" in This Reviewp. 237
The Functions of Interruptionsp. 238
Interruptions as Supportive and Cooperative Speech Actsp. 238
Other Circumstances in Which Interruptions Do Not Violate the Speaking Rights of Othersp. 240
The Extent to Which Interruptions Are Likely to Be Dominance-Related in Different Types of Interactionp. 241
"Successful" Interruptions and Dominancep. 244
The Functions of Interruptions: Conclusionsp. 246
Gender and the Use of Dominance-Associated Interruptionsp. 247
Semantic Content as a Gauge of Gender Differences With Respect to Dominance-Related Interruptionsp. 248
Type of Context as a Gauge of Gender Differences With Respect to Dominance-Related Interruptionsp. 249
"Successful" Interruptions as a Gauge of Gender Differences With Respect to Dominance-Related Interruptionsp. 250
Dominance Predisposition and Power as Gauges of Gender Differences with Respect to Dominance-Related Interruptionsp. 251
Discrimination on the Basis of Gender of Interruptee as a Gauge of Gender Differences With Respect to Dominance-Related Interruptionsp. 253
Gender and Dominance-Associated Interruptions: Conclusionsp. 258
Gender and Cooperative Interruptionsp. 258
Other Factors Which May Have Affected Results in the Gender-Related Interruptions Literaturep. 260
Effects of Subject and Situational Variablesp. 260
Agep. 261
Degree of Intimacyp. 261
Personality Factorsp. 262
Status/Power in the Interaction Resulting From Some Source Other Than Genderp. 262
Degree of Conflict Present, and the Extent to Which the Interaction is Task-Orientedp. 263
Natural Versus Laboratory Settingp. 263
Dyad Versus Groupp. 263
Topic of Conversationp. 263
Change in Gender Behavior Over the Yearsp. 264
Methodological Considerationsp. 265
Conclusionsp. 268
Notesp. 269
Referencesp. 274
Understanding Gender Differences in Amount of Talk: A Critical Review of Researchp. 281
The Research Findings on Amount of Talkp. 281
The Approach to Understanding the Research Findingsp. 284
Status Characteristics Theoryp. 286
The Relevance of Research Activity to Amount of Talkp. 287
Amount of Talk in Formal Task Contextsp. 288
Understanding the Resultsp. 289
Amount of Talk in Formally Structured but Not Formally Task-Oriented Interactionp. 294
Amount of Talk in Informal Task Contexts and Non-Task-Oriented Contextsp. 296
Understanding Talk in Informal Contextsp. 297
Conclusionsp. 301
Epilogue: Stereotypes Revisitedp. 302
Notesp. 303
Referencesp. 306
Contributorsp. 313
Indexp. 317
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195081947
ISBN-10: 0195081943
Series: Oxford Studies in Sociolinguistics
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 352
Published: 23rd September 1993
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.55 x 15.65  x 2.46
Weight (kg): 0.5