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Gemini - Steps to the Moon : Springer Praxis Books - David Shayler

Gemini - Steps to the Moon

Springer Praxis Books

Paperback

Published: 1st September 2001
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In Gemini - Steps to the Moon, David Shayler, the author, tells the story of the origin and development of the programme and the spacecraft from the perspective of the engineers, flight controllers and astronauts involved. It includes chapters on flight tests, Extra Vehicular Activity (EVA), rendezvous and docking, as well as information from NASA archives and personal interviews.

From the reviews:

"David J. Shayler has written a fascinating book which tells, with a fresh perspective from the end of the twentieth century, the achievements of Project Gemini. His book, which is based on extensive research of NASA archives and interviews with some of the Gemini astronauts, relives the pioneering years of American manned spaceflight." (John O'Donoghue, Astronomy & Space, July, 2002)

"David Shayler has an easy style of writing and an excellent way of putting over what could have been a difficult subject. ... With plenty of line drawings and black and white images, this book does the subject proud. It should appeal to anyone with an interest in spaceflight and to those wishing to understand how the US got to the Moon in under a decade from the first crewed spaceflight. ... I expect it to become the bible on Gemini for spaceflight enthusiasts everywhere." (Paul Money, Astronomy Now, September, 2002)

"David Shayler is well qualified to write a book about Gemini, and he has succeeded admirably. He deals with the project in all its aspects; the initial steps, the design and planning, the astronauts themselves, the flights ... . It is clear that a tremendous amount of research has been involved; the text is well-written, accurate, and very detailed. ... serious students and scientific historians will find it invaluable as a reference work, and it should certainly have a place in every scientific library." (Patrick Moore, The Observatory, Vol. 122 (1168), 2002)

"David Shayler brilliantly wrote the essential history of Gemini with his newest book ... . a highly entertaining and readable account of a unique program ... . The author has ensured the book contains an extensive study of these goals and the flights on which they were carried out. Often the information was completely new to me. ... Gemini: Steps to the Moon is a book that I can highly recommend to anyone interested in a little known era in the history of spaceflight." (Kate Doohan, CRCSS Space Industry News, Issue 93, March, 2002)

"David Shayler's superb history of the Gemini Project is subtitled `Steps to the Moon' ... . An up to date biographical index of all astronauts involved in Gemini and its potential USAF developments is incorporated as an appendix. Shayler has obviously researched widely. His history is full of fascinating details that were previously unknown to this reviewer. ... With Shayler's history you need never research Gemini again for it's all here!" (John O'Dwyer, News Bulletin of the Astronautical Society of Western Australia, Vol. 27 (4), 2002)

Forewordp. xv
Author's prefacep. xix
Acknowledgementsp. xxiii
List of illustrations and tablesp. xxv
Acronyms, abbreviations and notesp. xxxiii
Prologuep. xxxv
Originsp. 1
To the edge of spacep. 2
Controlling the high groundp. 3
Three-phase co-operationp. 4
The dawn of the Space Agep. 6
The creation of NASAp. 8
The Mercury Sevenp. 9
USAF space policy in 1959p. 11
Mercury Mark IIp. 12
An advance programmep. 13
Three ways to gop. 13
Kazakhstan, Florida, Washington and the Moonp. 15
Mercury Mark II developmentsp. 18
Way out westp. 19
Choosing the way to go to the Moonp. 20
The heavenly twinsp. 21
What's in a name?p. 22
Co-operation and divisionp. 24
Conflict and frustrationp. 24
The clock is runningp. 25
Hardwarep. 27
The Gemini budget, 1962-1967p. 28
Gemini spacecraft featuresp. 29
Construction of the Re-entry Modulep. 30
The re-entry heat shieldp. 33
Escape tower or ejection seats?p. 34
A window on the worldp. 35
Re-entry Module power supply and controlp. 36
Features of the Adapter Modulep. 36
Spacecraft sub-systemsp. 38
Launch vehiclesp. 55
Titan IIp. 55
Atlas-Agena Dp. 59
Target vehiclesp. 60
Agena Dp. 60
The Augmented Target Docking Adapter (ATDA)p. 61
Ground supportp. 61
Gemini mission managementp. 61
The Manned Spacecraft Center, Houston, Texasp. 62
Building 30: Mission Control Center, Houston (MCC-H)p. 66
Mission Operations and Control Room (MOCR)p. 66
Gemini Mission Operations and Control Room (MOCR)p. 66
Cape Kennedy (Canaveral), Floridap. 70
LC 14 Atlas Agenap. 74
Tracking and communicationsp. 75
Recovery supportp. 76
Preparationsp. 79
The spaceflight logbook, 1961p. 79
The Mercury Sevenp. 80
The first USAF 'space pilots'p. 80
The Next Ninep. 83
Training the Next Ninep. 85
Astronaut 'grubby school'p. 86
CB technical assignmentsp. 87
Classrooms, deserts, jungles and a vomit Cometp. 89
ARPS Class III and Class IVp. 91
The Fourteenp. 93
The first black astronautp. 97
Astronaut training, 1964p. 98
Filling the seatsp. 100
Initial Gemini crew assignmentsp. 101
Shepard groundedp. 104
The announcement of the first assignmentsp. 105
The first astronaut fatalityp. 108
Long-duration crewsp. 108
Rendezvous and docking crewsp. 109
Gemini veterans move to Apollop. 110
The loss of See and Bassettp. 111
Training for a Gemini missionp. 113
Launchp. 115
In-flightp. 115
Re-entry and landingp. 121
Practice makes perfectp. 121
Flight Operationsp. 125
Planning for flightp. 125
Mercury Mark II flight plansp. 125
A new forecastp. 127
A new year and a new namep. 128
Test hardwarep. 129
Boilerplates and test articlesp. 129
Project Orbitp. 130
Escalation of costsp. 131
Objectives and manifestsp. 132
The Gemini pre-launch sequencep. 135
The Gemini missions, 1964-1966p. 136
Flight tests: Gemini 1, 2 and 3, 1964-1965p. 136
(GT-1)p. 138
(GT-2)p. 140
(GT-3)p. 141
Extending the duration: Gemini 4, 5 and 7, 1965p. 141
(GT-4, or GT-IV)p. 143
(GT-5, or GT-V)p. 145
(GT-7, or GT-VII)p. 147
Initial rendezvous and docking operations: Gemini 6, 8 and 9, 1965-1966p. 147
(GT-6, or GT-VI-A)p. 147
(GT-8, or GT-VIII)p. 149
(GT-9, or GT-IX-A)p. 152
Pushing the envelope: Gemini 10, 11 and 12, 1966p. 155
(GT-10, or GT-X)p. 155
(GT-11, or GT-XI)p. 156
(GT-12, or GT-XII)p. 159
Enter Apollop. 160
Flight Testsp. 163
Testing the ejector seat systemp. 163
SOPE testsp. 164
'A hell of a headache, but a short one'p. 165
Ballute and SNORTp. 166
Trouble with the Titanp. 168
No risk to Geminip. 170
Addressing the problemsp. 170
More tests and more problemsp. 172
Gemini 1A proposedp. 172
Replacing the Titan with the saturn 1Bp. 173
Titan II success at lastp. 173
Gemini test flightsp. 174
'Something wrong with the range clock'p. 175
'A storybook sort of flight'p. 177
Flight 1 analysisp. 178
Gemini 2 (GT-2)p. 179
Battling with the elementsp. 179
Three cosmonauts in one spacecraftp. 180
More delaysp. 181
The flight of Gemini 2p. 182
The condition of the heat shieldp. 183
Houston monitors the flightp. 183
Gemini 3 (GT-3)p. 184
Leonov steps outsidep. 185
'You're on your way, Molly Brown'p. 185
Into orbitp. 187
The manoeuvres of Molly Brownp. 188
A bite to eatp. 190
The return of Molly Brownp. 191
'That was no boat'p. 192
Tests concludedp. 194
Endurancep. 197
The 14-day targetp. 197
The fuel cell issuep. 198
Biomedical instrumentationp. 199
The long-duration missionsp. 201
Four days of Gemini 4p. 201
Gemini 4 habitabilityp. 201
Are you being good?p. 205
The day the straw men fell downp. 205
Eight days or bust!p. 206
Gemini 5 habitabilityp. 206
Evaluation of the missionp. 210
From outer space to inner spacep. 210
Up to the ears in garbagep. 211
'Busting' the recordp. 211
In the front seat of a Volkswagenp. 213
'We're on our way, Frank'p. 213
The grass needs mowingp. 215
The G5C spacesuitp. 215
Gemini 7 habitabilityp. 217
'Going back to Houston'p. 221
Rendezvous and Dockingp. 225
Theory and practisep. 225
Space brothersp. 226
Heavenly twinsp. 226
The Agena target vehiclep. 227
Agena Bp. 227
The change to Agena Dp. 228
Alternative conceptsp. 229
Plans for Gemini-Agenap. 230
Rendezvous considerationsp. 232
Docking with the Agenap. 234
Collision course dockingp. 235
Rendezvous and docking activitiesp. 237
The learning curvep. 237
Gemini 4 and the other first stepp. 237
The 'brute force' methodp. 238
Rendezvous or EVA?p. 238
Orbital 'catch up'p. 239
Gemini 5 and Conrad's 'little rascal'p. 239
Phantom Agenap. 240
Seven... six... count-down to rendezvousp. 241
A dramatic loss of telemetryp. 242
Stalled on the padp. 243
A rapid-fire launchp. 243
'You're out of your minds'p. 244
Gemini 7 and a tumbling Titanp. 245
'We saw it ignite--we saw it shut down'p. 245
Third time luckyp. 246
'A lot of traffic'p. 246
'We'll see you on the beach'p. 249
Agena, ATDA and an alligatorp. 250
'We'll take that one'p. 250
'It's a real smoothy'p. 251
Tumbling end over endp. 252
A violent rollp. 253
New approach, new target, old problemp. 254
If at first...p. 255
'An angry alligator'p. 256
Revised plansp. 256
Agenas, altitudes and tethersp. 257
Gemini 10's ambitious flight planp. 257
Riding a rascalp. 258
From Agena to Agenap. 259
To the high frontierp. 260
From pad to Agena in one orbitp. 260
'The world is round'p. 262
All tied upp. 263
Second rendezvousp. 264
The last missionp. 264
A second tether exercisep. 266
Summaryp. 266
Eva Operationsp. 269
EVA from Geminip. 269
Gemini EVA guidelinesp. 270
The EVA programmep. 271
Plans for the first stand-up EVAp. 272
Stand-up becomes full exitp. 273
Gemini 4 EVAp. 273
Gemini 4 EVA hardwarep. 274
Stepping outp. 276
'Absolutely no sensation of falling'p. 277
'You dirty dog'p. 278
'Get back in'p. 278
Physically exhaustedp. 279
A difficult act to followp. 279
The short-lived plans for Gemini 6/7 EVAp. 279
Gemini 8 EVA plansp. 280
Gemini 8 EVA equipmentp. 281
Scott's EVA preparationsp. 281
Learning the hard wayp. 282
Tether or no tether? That is the questionp. 283
Gemini 9 EVA equipmentp. 283
The Astronaut Manoeuvring Unitp. 285
All fogged upp. 287
'Getting in no problem'p. 290
EVA at Agenap. 290
Irritation of the eyesp. 291
Lessons learnedp. 293
Penultimate EVAp. 293
Gemini 11 EVA equipmentp. 293
'Ride 'em cowboy!'p. 294
Asleep hanging out of the hatchp. 296
The EVA Review Boardp. 296
The finalep. 297
Gemini 12 EVA equipmentp. 297
Opening the doorp. 298
The final stepsp. 298
Tools, tethers, hand-holds and slippersp. 298
The final exitp. 300
Re-Entry and Landingp. 303
Development of the paragliderp. 303
Controlled re-entryp. 304
Rogallo's wingp. 304
Land landing for Mark IIp. 304
Landing Gemini by paragliderp. 306
The paraglider development programmep. 307
FRC's Paraglider Research Vehiclep. 308
The North American Aviation test programmep. 308
The test vehicle programmep. 310
The test vehiclep. 310
The test profilep. 311
The drop test programmep. 311
Helicopter drop testsp. 313
Delays and redirectionp. 313
Helicopter tows and parachute dropsp. 314
Testing continuedp. 315
The loss of the paragliderp. 316
Parachute recoveryp. 317
Summary of re-entry and recoveryp. 318
Gemini 2p. 318
Gemini 3p. 318
Gemini 4p. 318
Gemini 5p. 320
Gemini 6p. 321
Gemini 7p. 322
Gemini 8p. 323
A pinpoint landingp. 325
The final threep. 326
The record of achievementsp. 329
Experimentsp. 331
Experiments on Geminip. 331
From proposal to experimentp. 332
Technical regulations and proceduresp. 333
The selection of experimentsp. 334
Operational requirementsp. 335
Public imagep. 335
Integration of experimentsp. 336
Mission integrationp. 336
Crew integrationp. 337
Mission planningp. 337
The experimentsp. 337
Biomedical experimentsp. 338
Manned Spacecraft Center experimentsp. 340
Technological experimentsp. 343
Department of Defense experimentsp. 344
Space science experimentsp. 349
Space photographyp. 356
Military Geminip. 361
The X-20 Dyna Soarp. 361
USAF co-operation in Geminip. 362
USAF Gemini plans, 1963p. 363
Discovery and Zenitp. 364
The Martin Marietta report, April 1963p. 364
Possible DoD Gemini missionsp. 365
The NASA/DoD Joint Ad Hoc Study Group report, May 1963p. 367
Objectives of the Air Force programmep. 367
Blue Geminip. 368
Air Force astronaut crew participationp. 371
Study group summary, collusion and recommendationsp. 372
The demise of Blue Gemini and the emergence of the MOLp. 373
Gemini 2 flies againp. 376
Gemini Bp. 377
Design considerationsp. 379
MOL astronautsp. 380
Crew trainingp. 383
A Place in Historyp. 385
Lost missions of Geminip. 385
Lunar Geminip. 385
Rescue and logisticsp. 386
Power to the causep. 387
Space rescuep. 388
Logistics spacecraftp. 389
McDonnell's Big G studyp. 389
A Gemini observatoryp. 390
A satellite retrieval missionp. 391
A place in historyp. 392
The end of the programmep. 397
Steps to the Moonp. 398
Appendixp. 401
The astronautsp. 401
Bibliographyp. 423
Indexp. 427
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781852334055
ISBN-10: 1852334053
Series: Springer Praxis Books
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 222
Published: 1st September 2001
Publisher: Springer London Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.59
Weight (kg): 0.65