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Gas-Phase Thermal Reactions : Chemical Engineering Kinetics - Guy-Marie Come

Gas-Phase Thermal Reactions

Chemical Engineering Kinetics

Hardcover Published: 31st October 2001
ISBN: 9781402000492
Number Of Pages: 336

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This book is dedicated to gas-phase thermal reactions which take place in engines, burners, and industrial reactors for the production of mechanical or thermal energy, for the incineration of pollutants, or for the manufacture of chemicals. It also studies their effect on the environment: fires, explosions, tropospheric pollution, the greenhouse effect, and holes in the ozone layer. After a short reminder of the concepts and laws of thermodynamics, and of chemical and physical kinetics, the book suggests a methodology for the kinetic modelling of these reactions: generation and reduction of reaction mechanisms, estimation of kinetic data of elementary reactions, estimation of the thermodynamic data and transport data of molecules and free radicals, and analysis and validation of mechanisms by comparison of calculated results with the experimental results obtained using laboratory reactors. The models thus generated carry all the information necessary to allow them to be incorporated into computer programs for the calculation of reactors or of the fluid dynamics of reacting gases. Tables of numerical data and a list of computer programs and URLs complete the book.

Preface to the English Edition
Preface to the French Edition
Introductionp. 1
Energy, Processes, Environment
Raw Material and Energyp. 9
Energy Productionp. 12
Chemical Industriesp. 13
Chemical Safetyp. 15
Atmospheric Pollutionp. 18
Conclusion: the concept of ecodevelopmentp. 32
Fuels, Engines, Burners, Industrial Reactors
Engine and Heating Fuelsp. 35
Thermal Enginesp. 47
Burnersp. 56
Industrial Chemical Reactorsp. 58
Macroscopic Description of a Reacting Gas Mixture
The State of a Mixture of Gasesp. 65
Conversion, Selectivity, Yieldp. 68
Stoichiometric Analysisp. 73
Reaction Schemesp. 78
Thermodynamic Laws
Thermodynamic Properties of Chemical Speciesp. 91
Thermodynamic Properties of Reactionsp. 98
Equilibria Lawsp. 99
Calculation of Equilibriap. 104
Estimation of Thermodynamic Data
Benson's Methodp. 111
Statistical Mechanicsp. 117
Thermodynamic Data for Free Radicalsp. 126
Extrapolation to High Temperaturep. 132
Chetah Safety Criteriap. 134
Elementary Reactions
Generic Elementary Reactionsp. 139
Kinetic Lawsp. 143
Estimation of Kinetic Parameters
Collision Theoryp. 153
Benson's Methodp. 155
Structure-Reactivity Correlationsp. 159
Kinetic Morphology
Quasi-Stationary-State Approximationp. 163
Molecular Reactionsp. 166
Non-Chain Reactionsp. 168
Straight Chain Reactionsp. 171
Branched Chain Reactionsp. 182
Chain Reactions with Degenerate Branchingp. 188
Thermal Explosionsp. 196
Generation of Reaction Mechanisms
General Description of the Exgas Systemp. 203
The C0-C1-C2 Basic Set of Reactionsp. 205
The Generation of Detailed Primary Mechanismsp. 207
The Generation of Secondary Mechanismsp. 210
Lumping of the Detailed Primary Mechanismsp. 215
Molecular Transport Laws
Molecular Transport Phenomenap. 225
Molecular Transport of Matterp. 226
Molecular Transport of Heatp. 228
Molecular Transport of Momentump. 230
Analogies Between the Phenomena of Molecular Transportp. 231
Estimation of Molecular Transport Data
Diffusion Coefficientp. 235
Viscosityp. 238
Thermal Conductivityp. 239
Lennard-Jones Parametersp. 242
Limits of Validityp. 244
Laboratory Reactors
General Characteristicsp. 245
Batch Reactorp. 247
Stirred Flow Reactorp. 254
Plug-Flow Reactorp. 260
Rapid Compression Machinep. 265
Flat-Flame Burnerp. 268
Shock Tubep. 271
Analysis and Reduction of Reaction Mechanisms
Analysis of Reaction Mechanismsp. 285
Reduction of Reaction Mechanismsp. 291
Tables of Thermodynamic and Kinetic Data and of Molecular Parameters
Thermodynamic Tablesp. 299
Kinetic Tablesp. 307
Tables of Molecular Parametersp. 311
Computer Programs and Databasesp. 313
URLsp. 321
Symbols, Fundamental Constants, Unitsp. 323
Linear Chemical Notationp. 326
Indexp. 329
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402000492
ISBN-10: 1402000499
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 336
Published: 31st October 2001
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.67