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Gang Investigations : A Street Cop's Guide - Derrick Watkins

Gang Investigations

A Street Cop's Guide

Paperback

Published: 1st January 2001
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Long before international terrorists threatened our borders, local gang members terrorized community streets. Today, street gangs continue to destroy neighborhoods and keep citizens held hostage in their homes. Gang Investigations: A Street Cop's Guideprovides a step-by-step guide to gang identification, arrest, search and seizure, prosecution, and other programs that have been used successfully by criminal justice agencies nationwide. Anti-gang strategies are discussed along with the results of their implementation.This guide will better prepare every police officer and detective to deal with the modern street gang. With Watkins' and Ashby's knowledge, departments and officers can develop better strategies to curb gang violence and the fear of street terrorists.Gang Investigations: A Street Cop's Guideis a "street bible" that answers all the questions an officer might have about a gang investigation. This book covers proven investigation techniques for solving gang-related crimes. It is based on California's "street terrorism" anti-gang laws, which have been adopted by 26 other states. This book will train officers in how to best use those laws and help them successfully solve and prosecute more cases.Included in this guide are vital resources for creating and running a successful anti-gang division including:-Field Interview Card-Gang Recognition and Definition Cards-Notice of Determination

Forewordp. xi
Introductionp. xiii
Acknowledgementsp. xxii
About the Authorsp. xxiii
Successful Gang Unitsp. 1
Introductionp. 1
Los Angeles Police Department: Community Resources Against Street Hoodlumsp. 2
A Monumental Stepp. 2
Automatic Assault Weaponsp. 3
A Model for Guidancep. 3
Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department: Operation Safe Streetsp. 4
Gang Enforcement Teamp. 5
Santa Ana Police Department: Gang Homicide and Street Terrorism Offender Projectp. 5
Operation Roundupp. 6
A More Diverse Samplingp. 6
S.T.O.P. IIIp. 7
Additional Detectivesp. 7
Summaryp. 7
Notesp. 8
Setting Up a Gang Unitp. 9
A Specialized Assignmentp. 9
Role of the Supervisorp. 10
Not a Training Groundp. 10
A Successful Leaderp. 10
Recruitment of Gang Investigatorsp. 11
Sacrifice and Timep. 11
Other Necessary Qualitiesp. 12
The Realities of Gang Investigation Workp. 12
Uses of Forcep. 13
Working with Outside Agenciesp. 13
Hours of Operationp. 14
Putting the Gang Unit Behind Locked Doorsp. 15
Avoiding Leaksp. 15
Storing Search Warrant Affidavitsp. 16
Using "Sealed" Documentsp. 16
Storage and Use of Intelligence Databasesp. 17
Investigating Gang Murdersp. 18
Using a Conventional Homicide Unitp. 18
Using a Gang Homicide Unitp. 19
Summaryp. 19
Identifying a Gang Problemp. 20
A Brief History of Hispanic Gangs in Southern Californiap. 20
Immigrant Gangsp. 21
Narcotics Distributionp. 22
The Largest Gangsp. 22
A "Provocative" Attitudep. 23
A Brief History of Black Gangs in Southern Californiap. 23
Crack Cocainep. 24
Branching Outp. 24
Nontraditional Gangsp. 25
Juveniles and Gangsp. 25
Juveniles in the Court Systemp. 25
Interventionp. 26
Proposition 21p. 27
Status Offenses and Delinquencyp. 27
Outreach Programsp. 28
The Beginnings of a Gangp. 28
Joining a Gangp. 30
Levels of Membership and Structurep. 31
Original Gangstersp. 32
Soldiersp. 33
Youngstersp. 33
"All for One"p. 34
Why Gang-Related Crime Is Differentp. 34
What Motivates Gang Crime?p. 35
Robberiesp. 35
Recognition during Crimesp. 36
Retaliation Crimesp. 36
Respectp. 36
Firearmsp. 39
Gun Usep. 41
Gang Gunsp. 41
Summaryp. 42
Notesp. 43
Field Contacts and Documentationp. 44
Documentation as a Toolp. 44
Gang Attirep. 46
Specific Symbolsp. 46
Tattoosp. 47
Monikersp. 50
Graffitip. 51
Hand Signsp. 52
FI Cardsp. 54
Fill FI Cards Out Properlyp. 55
Include All Pertinent Informationp. 56
Notice of Determinationp. 57
Police Reportsp. 58
Reasonable Suspicion for Gang Documentationp. 59
Criteria for Gang Membership/Affiliationp. 59
Identification of Gang Membersp. 60
Photographsp. 60
Summaryp. 61
Post Arrestp. 63
Obtaining Evidence from Gang Suspectsp. 63
Gunshot Residue Testp. 64
Booking Gang Suspectsp. 64
Probable Cause Declarationp. 64
Booking Photop. 65
Phone Callsp. 65
Mail Coversp. 65
Timely Reportsp. 66
Personal Informationp. 66
Dealing with Physical Evidencep. 67
Search Warrantsp. 68
Compiling a Gang Background Packagep. 73
No Documentation Foundp. 74
Compiling Information on the Victimp. 75
Summaryp. 76
Notesp. 76
Interviews and Interrogationsp. 77
Interrogation of Gang Membersp. 77
Loyalty of Female Gang Membersp. 78
Obtaining Confessionsp. 78
Victim and Witness Cooperationp. 79
Ordinary Citizen Witnessesp. 79
Identification of Witnessesp. 79
Tape Recording Interviewsp. 80
Photographing Victims and Witnessesp. 81
Special Considerations with Victims and Witnessesp. 82
Victim and Witness Managementp. 83
A Commitment to Protectp. 84
When Others Approach a Witnessp. 84
Gang Victim Servicesp. 85
Interviewing Suspectsp. 87
Determining Rolesp. 87
Miranda Rightsp. 88
Minimizing the Seriousnessp. 88
Providing an "Out"p. 89
Body Languagep. 89
Patience and Persistencep. 90
Using "Fresh" Detectivesp. 90
Legal Considerations When Interviewing Suspectsp. 91
Different Jurisdictionsp. 91
Avoiding Religious Topicsp. 91
Federal Court Districtp. 91
Summaryp. 92
Notesp. 92
Expertise and Court Preparationp. 93
Establishing Your Expertisep. 93
Life Experiencep. 94
Educationp. 94
Work Experiencep. 94
Professional Associationsp. 95
Education of Othersp. 95
Interactions with Gang Membersp. 95
Reviewing a Case and Forming an Opinionp. 96
Qualifying as a Gang Expert or Voir Direp. 96
Proving the Casep. 97
Courtroom Demeanorp. 101
Showing Feelingp. 101
Theories of Criminal Liabilityp. 102
Constructive Possession and Use of a Firearmp. 103
Criminal Conspiracyp. 104
Aiding and Abettingp. 105
Summaryp. 107
Notesp. 107
Prison Gangsp. 108
Determining Whether a Group Is a Gangp. 108
Validationp. 109
Inception of the Gangp. 110
The Strength of the Prison Gangp. 110
Counter Intelligencep. 111
Communication Tacticsp. 112
Subpoenasp. 112
Power Strugglesp. 113
High-Profile Crimesp. 114
The Emergence of PENIp. 114
Survival from Unityp. 114
White Prison Gangsp. 115
African American Prison Gangsp. 115
Hispanic Prison Gangsp. 116
Summaryp. 116
Notesp. 116
p. 117
p. 123
p. 124
p. 125
p. 126
p. 127
p. 128
p. 129
p. 130
p. 143
Indexp. 144
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780763733919
ISBN-10: 0763733911
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 150
Published: 1st January 2001
Publisher: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 26.67 x 20.96  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.42