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Fungal Disease Resistance in Plants : Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Genetic Engineering - Zamir Punja

Fungal Disease Resistance in Plants

Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Genetic Engineering

By: Zamir Punja (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 1st October 2004
ISBN: 9781560229605
Number Of Pages: 266

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Up-to-date, accurate information on recent developments in crop protection!

Fungal Disease Resistance in Plants: Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Genetic Engineering presents the latest developments in crop protection from fungal infection. Leading experts in botany, plant breeding, and plant pathology contribute their knowledge to help reduce and possibly prevent new outbreaks of devastating crop epidemics caused by fungi. With exciting new advances in molecular biology, biochemistry, and genetic engineering, this informative book will help researchers, professors, and students further their understanding of plant defenses.

Fungal Disease Resistance in Plants is your guide to understanding the various barriers that plants have developed through evolution and adaptation to protect themselves from invading fungal pathogens. Defenses include physical barriers such as thick cell walls and chemical compounds expressed by the plant when attacked. Still other plants have acquired proteins that play an important role in defense. This book discusses these evolutionary traits and introduces new scientific techniques to engineer resistance in plants that have no built-in protection.

Fungal Disease Resistance in Plants explores:

  • cellular expression of resistance to fungal pathogens
  • the hypersensitive response and its role in disease resistance
  • induced plant resistance to fungal pathogens—mechanisms and practical applications
  • pathogenesis-related proteins and their roles in resistance to fungal pathogens
  • signal transduction—plant networks, delivery, and response to fungal infection
  • fungus genes as they relate to disease susceptibility and resistance
Without intense research and scientific study, catastrophic harvest failures due to fungal diseases could cause food shortages, human and animal poisonings, and economic loss throughout the world. Augmented with tables, figures, and extensive references, this state-of-the-art source of research material is valuable for scientists and researchers in universities, private organizations, government institutions, and agricultural organizations interested in plant defenses and future crop preservation.

About the Editorp. ix
Contributorsp. xi
Forewordp. xvii
Prefacep. xix
Signal Transduction in Plant Defense Responses to Fungal Infectionp. 1
Introduction and Backgroundp. 1
Signals and Signal Delivery in Plant-Fungus/Oomycete Interactionsp. 5
Signal Perception-A Complex Matterp. 8
Cellular Signaling-A Matter of Networksp. 11
Conclusionsp. 20
Cellular Expression of Resistance to Fungal Plant Pathogensp. 31
Introductionp. 31
Backgroundp. 33
Detailed Reviewp. 36
Use of Transgenic Plants to Study Expression of Resistance at the Cellular Levelp. 46
Current Work in Our Laboratoryp. 47
Concluding Remarksp. 48
The Hypersensitive Response and Its Role in Disease Resistancep. 57
Introductionp. 57
Features of the Hypersensitive Responsep. 59
Proteins Involved in Pathogen Recognition and Initiation of HR Cell Deathp. 60
Small Molecules Involved in Signaling and Execution of HR Cell Deathp. 66
Negative Regulatory Componentsp. 68
Is Protein Degradation Important for Execution of HR Cell Death?p. 71
The Role of Cell Organelles in HR Inductionp. 74
Is HR Cell Death Required for Resistance?p. 76
Do Plant Pathogens Modulate the HR in an Active Manner?p. 79
Development of Transgenic Plants: Exploitation of HR for Disease Controlp. 82
Conclusions and Future Directionsp. 84
Fungal (A)Virulence Factors at the Crossroads of Disease Susceptibility and Resistancep. 93
Introductionp. 93
Backgroundp. 95
Fungal (A)Virulence Genes with Genotype and Species Specificityp. 97
Pathogens with Evolved Mechanisms to Counteract Plant Defense Responsesp. 114
Plant Genes that Confer Resistance Toward Fungi and Oomycetesp. 115
Perception of Avr Gene Products by Resistant Plant Genotypesp. 120
Development of Transgenic Plants that Display Broad Resistance Against Pathogensp. 125
Conclusions and Future Directionsp. 127
Pathogenesis-Related Proteins and Their Roles in Resistance to Fungal Pathogensp. 139
Introductionp. 139
Classification of PR Proteinsp. 141
Nondefense Functions of PR Proteins and PR-Like Proteinsp. 149
Natural and Synthetic Elicitors of PR-Protein Genesp. 151
Mechanisms That Protect Pathogens from PR Proteinsp. 156
Transgenic Plants Expressing Single Genes for PR Proteinsp. 158
Transgenic Plants with Combinations of PR Proteinsp. 161
Conclusionsp. 166
Induced Plant Resistance to Fungal Pathogens: Mechanisms and Practical Applicationsp. 179
Introductionp. 179
Backgroundp. 181
Mechanisms of Induced Resistance to Fungal Pathogensp. 182
The Application of Induced Resistancep. 191
Transgenic Plants and Induced Resistance to Fungip. 198
Current Research Program on Induced Resistance in Cucumberp. 199
Conclusionsp. 200
Genetic Engineering of Plants to Enhance Resistance to Fungal Pathogensp. 207
Introductionp. 207
Genetic Engineering Approachesp. 209
Activation of Plant Defense Responsesp. 216
Resistance Genes (R Genes)p. 220
Challengesp. 221
Indexp. 259
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781560229605
ISBN-10: 1560229608
Series: Crop Science
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 266
Published: 1st October 2004
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.59 x 15.88  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.64
Edition Number: 1

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