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Frontal Lobe Function and Dysfunction - Harvey S. Levin

Frontal Lobe Function and Dysfunction

By: Harvey S. Levin (Editor), Howard M. Eisenberg (Editor), Arthur L. Benton (Editor)


Published: 14th November 1991
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The cognitive and behavioral functions of the frontal lobes have been of great interest to neuroscientists, neurologists, psychologists and psychiatrists. Recent technical advances have made it possible to trace their neuroanatomical connections more precisely and to conduct evoked potential and neuroimaging studies in patients. This book presents a broad and authoritative synthesis of research progress in this field. It encompasses neuroanatomical studies; experiments involving temporal organization and working memory tasks in non-human primates; clinical studies of patients following frontal lobe excisions for intractable epilepsy; metabolic imaging in schizophrenia and affective disorder; neurobehavioral studies of patients with dementia, frontal lobe tumors, and head injuries; magnetic resonance imaging methods for studying human frontal lobe anatomy; theoretical approaches to describing frontal lobe functions; and rehabilitation of patients with frontal lobe damage including their core problem of diminished awareness. Written by a distinguished group of neuroscientists, psychologists and clinicians, Frontal Lobe Function and Dysfunction provides the best current source of information on this region of the brain and its role in cognition, behavior and clinical disorders.

"This volume is packed with useful illustrations [and] a wealth of references. . . .The breadth of information in this book should make it of interest to clinicians and researchers in such areas as neuropsychology, cognitive neuroscience, psychiatry, neurology, neurosurgery, and speech pathology, and many areas of rehabilitation." --Perceptual and Motor Skills "Almost all of the authors were careful to review the neurobiological bases for their individual topic areas and were careful to highlight the limitations of their methods and generalizability of their conclusions. Likewise, nearly all authors concluded their respective chapters by providing multiple suggestions for future research. The editors are to be commended for this timely review and useful reference as it surely will serve to stimulate new basic and applied behavioral neuroscience research. This collection of scholarly works will prove to be both educational and provocative for the neuropsychologists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, cognitive psychologists, and psychiatrists who open its cover." --Brain and Cognition "Comprehensive. . . . provides in the first chapter a superb history of the ideas and observations. . . . spiced with speculative functional considerations. . . . concise." --The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease "The book will appeal to students, researchers, and clinicians and should be a valuable source of information for those interested in the frontal lobes." --Contemporary Psychology "Timely . . . . advances are presented in an exciting and informative way in this well-edited volume. . . . focused and updated contributions from prominent investigators who provide succinct, empirical reviews in their respective areas. There is clearly a place for this volume on many bookshelves. The contributors have provided critical reviews, description of recent developments and new ideas that will certainly stimulate scientific research and insights into clinical interventions. The engaging text, attractive design of the volume and clear figures make for easy reading. It is a valuable addition to preceding texts and is recommended for all who face the complexities of the frontal lobe in scientific and clinical contexts." --Neuropsychologia "Begins with a fascinating history of the knowledge of frontal lobe function....The technical aspects of the book are of good quality. The illustrations are clear, the writing is lucid, the references are copious, and the price is modest. The intended audience would seem to be largely neuropsychologists and basic neuroscientists....There are some interesting clinical pearls....The awareness gained from a reading of this book about the nature of subtle deficits from frontal lobe dysfunction will certainly lead to an increase in their detection and a better appreciation of their impact upon recovery to normal life....Certainly worthwhile to anyone dealing with patients with frontal lobe dysfunction...a superb source for those needing more detailed information." --Cole H. Giller, MD, PhD (University of Texas Medical Center), Journal of Neurosurgery "A very useful book for a graduate seminar. It covers an impressive range of topics."--Somee Park, Northwestern University

PART I: Introduction and Historical Perspective 1: Arthur L. Benton: The Prefrontal Region: Its Early History PART II: Neuroanatomical Organization, Experimental Models and Neuroimaging in Animals 2: Helen Barbas and Deepak N. Pandya: Patterns of Connections of the Prefrontal Cortex in the Rhesus Monkey Associated with Cortical Architecture 3: Joaquin M. Fuster: Role of Prefrontal Cortex in Delay Tasks: Evidence from Reversible Lesion and Unit Recording in the Monkey 4: Patricia C. Goldman-Rakic and R. Friedman: The Circuitry of Working Memory Revealed by Anatomy and Metabolic Imaging 5: Hanna C. Damasio: Neuroanatomy of Frontal Lobe In Vivo: A Comment on Methodology PART III: Cognitive Functioning in Patients with Frontal Lobe Lesions 6: Tim Shallice and Paul Burgess: Higher-Order Cognitive Impairments and Frontal-Lobe Lesions in Man 7: Robert T. Knight: Evoked Potential Studies of Attention Capacity in Human Frontal Lobe Lesions PART IV: The Role of the Frontal Lobes in Memory 8: Donald T. Stuss: Interference Effects on Memory Function in Postleukotomy Patients: An Attentional Perspective 9: Arthur P. Shimamura, J.S. Janowsky, and Larry R. Squire: What is the Role of Frontal Lobe Damage in Memory Disorders? PART V: Response Preparation and Motor Functioning 10: Kenneth M. Heilman and Robert T. Watson: Intentional Motor Disorders PART VI: Integration of Experimental Models with Studies of Patients 11: Antonio R. Damasio, Daniel Tranel, and Hanna C. Damasio: Somatic Markers and the Guidance of Behavior: Theory and Preliminary Testing 12: Marlene Oscar-Berman, Patrick McNamara, and Morris Freedman: Delayed-Response Tasks: Parallels Between Experimental Ablation and Findings in Patients with Frontal Lesions 13: Michael Petrides: Learning Impairments Following Excisions of the Primate Frontal Lobe PART VII: Neuropsychiatric and Developmental Effects of Frontal Lobe Damage 14: Daniel R. Weinberger, Karen F. Berman, and Daniel G. Daniel: Prefrontal Cortex Dysfunction in Schizophrenia 15: Sergio E. Starkstein and Robert G. Robinson: The Role of the Frontal Lobes in Affective Disorder Following Stroke 16: David Neary and J.S. Snowden: Dementia of the Frontal Lobe Type 17: Harvey S. Levin, Felicia C. Goldstein, David H. Williams and Howard M. Eisenberg: The Contribution of Frontal Lobe Lesions to the Neurobehavioral Outcome of Closed Head Injury 18: Adele Diamond: Developmental Aspects of Frontal Lobe Functioning PART VIII: Rehabilitation of the Frontal Lobe Damaged Patient 19: George P. Prigatano: The Relationship of Frontal Lobe Damage to Diminished Awareness: Studies in Rehabilitation PART IX Antonio Damasio: Summary

ISBN: 9780195062847
ISBN-10: 0195062841
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 442
Published: 14th November 1991
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.2 x 16.2  x 3.0
Weight (kg): 1.0