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From Old English to Standard English : A Course Book in Language Variation Across Time - Dennis Freeborn

From Old English to Standard English

A Course Book in Language Variation Across Time

Paperback

Published: 1st December 2006
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This practical and informative course book leads the student through the development of the language from Old English, through Middle and Early Modern English to the establishment of Standard English in the eighteenth century. This third edition has been expanded to provide more guidance and background information for students. New sections have also been added to outline the development of writing hands and provide a brief introduction to palaeography. The book also now has a fully integrated supplemental website.

Praise for the previous edition:
"This volume is so crammed with examples from across the centuries that it is a pleasure to browse through its pages."--"The Guardian"

Preface to the third editionp. ix
Preface to the second editionp. xi
Symbolsp. xiv
Texts and facsimilesp. xv
Acknowledgementsp. xxii
Introductionp. 1
English todayp. 1
Studying variety across time in languagep. 2
How has the English language changed?p. 2
How can we learn about Old English and later changes in the language?p. 4
Changes of meaning - the semantic levelp. 4
The English Language is Brought to Britainp. 11
Roman Britainp. 11
The Anglo-Saxon Chroniclep. 11
How the English language came to Britainp. 14
Old English Ip. 25
Written Old Englishp. 25
The development of writing hands (i)p. 27
Dialects and political boundariesp. 40
Danish and Norwegian Vikingsp. 42
Effects of Viking settlement on the English languagep. 52
The Norman Conquestp. 57
Old English IIp. 61
The language of Old English poetryp. 61
OE prosep. 67
OE grammarp. 72
Latin loan-words in OEp. 78
ON loan-words in OEp. 81
Early French loan-wordsp. 82
From Old English to Middle Englishp. 83
The evidence for linguistic changep. 83
The Norman Conquest and the English languagep. 84
The earliest 12th-century Middle English textp. 89
The book called Ormulump. 96
12th-century loan-wordsp. 106
Early Middle English - 12th Centuryp. 108
Evidence of language change from late OE to early ME in La[subscript 3]gamon's Brutp. 108
The Owl & the Nightingalep. 133
Early Middle English - 13th Centuryp. 137
The Fox and the Wolfp. 137
The South English Legendaryp. 138
A guide for anchoressesp. 144
The development of writing hands (ii) - from the 11th to the 13th centuriesp. 146
Three medieval lyricsp. 149
The Bestiaryp. 151
The Lay of Havelok the Danep. 156
Early 13th-century loan-words, 1200-49p. 158
Northern and Southern Texts Comparedp. 161
Cursor Mundi - a history of the worldp. 161
Later 13th-century loan-words, 1250-99 (see the Word Book)p. 172
The 14th Century - Southern and Kentish Dialectsp. 173
The dialect areas of Middle Englishp. 173
How to describe dialect differencesp. 179
A South-Eastern, or Kentish dialectp. 180
An early South-West dialectp. 187
A later 14th-century South-West dialectp. 190
14th-century loan-words, (see the Word Book)p. 195
The 14th Century - Northern Dialectsp. 196
A 14th-century Scots dialectp. 196
Another Northern dialect - Yorkp. 200
The York Playsp. 204
Northern and Midlands dialects comparedp. 211
Chaucer and the Northern dialectp. 213
Loan-words 1320-39 (see the Word Book)p. 215
The 14th Century - West Midlands Dialectsp. 216
A North-West Midlands dialect - Sir Gawayn and [Th]e Grene Knyztp. 216
A South-West Midlands dialect - Piers Plowmanp. 216
Loan-words 1340-59 (see the Word Book)p. 233
The 14th Century - East Midlands and London Dialectsp. 234
The origins of present-day Standard Englishp. 234
The development of writing hands (iii) - the 14th centuryp. 235
A South-East Midlands dialect - Mandeville's Travelsp. 237
The London dialect - Thomas Uskp. 239
Loan-words 1360-79 (see the Word Book)p. 241
The London Dialect - Chaucer, Late 14th Centuryp. 242
Chaucer's prose writingp. 242
Chaucer's versep. 245
Editing a textp. 250
Loan-words 1380-99 (see the Word Book)p. 254
Early Modern English I - The 15th Centuryp. 255
The beginnings of a standard languagep. 255
The development of writing hands (iv) - the 15th centuryp. 256
Chancery Englishp. 261
Early 15th-century East Midland dialect - The Boke of Margery Kempep. 263
Later 15th-century East Midland dialect - the Paston lettersp. 267
Late 15th-century London English - William Caxtonp. 270
The medieval tales of King Arthurp. 277
Late 15th-century London dialect - the Cely lettersp. 280
15th-century loan-words (see the Word Book)p. 286
Early Modern English II - The 16th Century (I)p. 287
The development of writing ands (v) - the 16th centuryp. 287
The Lisle Lettersp. 289
Formal prose in the 1530sp. 297
A different view on new wordsp. 303
John Hart's An Orthographiep. 304
The Great Vowel Shiftp. 308
Punctuation in 16th-century textsp. 318
Loan-words 1500-49 (see the Word Book)p. 318
Early Modern English III - The 16th Century (II)p. 319
The development of the standard languagep. 319
Evidence for some 16th-century varieties of Englishp. 322
English at the end of the 16th centuryp. 330
Loan-words 1550-99 (see the Word Book)p. 333
Early Modern English IV - The 17th Century (I)p. 334
Evidence for changes in pronunciationp. 334
Sir Thomas Brownep. 338
The development of writing hands (vi) - the 17th centuryp. 344
George Fox's Journalp. 349
John Miltonp. 355
John Evelyn's Diaryp. 357
The Royal Society and prose stylep. 360
Loan-words 1600-49 (see the Word Book)p. 363
Early Modern English V - The 17th Century (II)p. 364
John Bunyanp. 364
Spelling and pronunciation at the end of the 17th centuryp. 367
John Drydenp. 378
North Riding Yorkshire dialect in the 1680sp. 383
Loan-words 1650-99 (see the Word Book)p. 385
Modern English - The 18th Centuryp. 386
Correcting, improving and ascertaining the languagep. 386
Dr Johnson's Dictionary of the English Languagep. 391
The perfection of the languagep. 393
'The Genius of the Language'p. 394
Bishop Lowth's Grammarp. 395
'The depraved language of the common People'p. 398
'Propriety & perspicuity of language'p. 399
Language and social classp. 405
William Cobbett and the politics of languagep. 410
18th-century loan-words (see the Word Book)p. 415
From Old English to Modern English - Comparing Historical Textsp. 416
Commentary on Text 173p. 417
'Your accent gives you away!'p. 419
Postscript - To the Present Dayp. 428
Some developments in the standard language since the 18th centuryp. 428
The continuity of prescriptive judgements on language usep. 430
The grammar of spoken English todayp. 432
19th & 20th century loan-words (see the Word Book)p. 434
Bibliographyp. 435
Indexp. 438
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781403998804
ISBN-10: 1403998809
Series: Studies in English Language
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 446
Published: 1st December 2006
Publisher: Palgrave USA
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 2.4
Weight (kg): 0.69
Edition Number: 3
Edition Type: Revised