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From Monkey Brain to Human Brain : A Fyssen Foundation Symposium - Stanislas Dehaene

From Monkey Brain to Human Brain

A Fyssen Foundation Symposium

By: Stanislas Dehaene (Editor), Jean-Rene Duhamel (Editor), Marc D. Hauser (Editor), Giacomo Rizzolatti (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 1st June 2005
ISBN: 9780262042239
Number Of Pages: 408
For Ages: 18+ years old

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The extraordinary overlap between human and chimpanzee genomes does not result in an equal overlap between human and chimpanzee thoughts, sensations, perceptions, and emotions; there are considerable similarities but also considerable differences between human and nonhuman primate brains. "From Monkey Brain to Human Brain" uses the latest findings in cognitive psychology, comparative biology, and neuroscience to look at the complex patterns of convergence and divergence in primate cortical organization and function. Several chapters examine the use of modern technologies to study primate brains, analyzing the potentials and the limitations of neuroimaging as well as genetic and computational approaches. These methods, which can be applied identically across different species of primates, help to highlight the paradox of nonlinear primate evolution--the fact that major changes in brain size and functional complexity resulted from small changes in the genome. Other chapters identify plausible analogs or homologs in nonhuman primates for such human cognitive functions as arithmetic, reading, theory of mind, and altruism; examine the role of parietofrontal circuits in the production and comprehension of actions; analyze the contributions of the prefrontal and cingulate cortices to cognitive control; and explore to what extent visual recognition and visual attention are related in humans and other primates. The Fyssen Foundation is dedicated to encouraging scientific inquiry into the cognitive mechanisms that underlie animal and human behavior and has long sponsored symposia on topics of central importance to the cognitive sciences.

"This amazing volume modernizes Darwin by showing how closely the human and monkey brain are linked in morphology and genetics. Its chapters demonstrate that even our most impressive cognitive achievements of language, mathematics, and empathy are all illuminated by the relevant primate circuitry."--Michael Posner, Professor Emeritus, Department of Psychology, University of Oregon

Series Forwardp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
Human Brain Evolution: New Methods and Results
Surface-Based Comparisons of Macaque and Human Cortical Organizationp. 3
Combined Human and Monkey fMRI Methods for the Study of Large-Scale Neuronal Networks in the Primate Brainp. 21
Evolution of the Human Brain and Comparative Cyto- and Receptor Architecturep. 41
Evolution of the Human Brain and Comparative Paleoanthropologyp. 57
Genes, Brains, and Culture: From Monkey to Humanp. 73
Putative Prerogatives of the Human Brain and Their Evolutionary Precursors
Quantitative Thinking: From Monkey to Human and Human Infant to Human Adultp. 97
Neural Correlates of Numerical Cognition in the Neocortex of Nonhuman Primatesp. 117
Evolution of Human Cortical Circuits for Reading and Arithmetic: The "Neuronal Recycling" Hypothesisp. 133
Cooperative Brains: Psychological Constraints in the Evolution of Altruismp. 159
Do Monkeys Understand Actions and Minds of Others? Studies of Single Cells and Eye Movementsp. 189
Space, Action, and Attention: The Multiple Functions of Parietofrontal Circuits
The Mirror Neuron System and Its Role in Imitation and Languagep. 213
Organization of the Posterior Parietal Lobe and of Parietofrontal Connectionsp. 235
A Prototype of Homo faber: A Silent Precursor of Human Intelligence in the Tool-Using Monkey Brainp. 253
Parietal Mechanism of Selective Attention in Monkeys and Humansp. 273
Cognitive Control and the Frontal and Cingulate Cortices
The Rostral-Caudal Axis of Cognitive Control Processing within the Lateral Frontal Cortexp. 293
Primate Anterior Cingulate Cortex and Adaptation of Behaviorp. 315
Visual Representations and the Temporal Lobe
Does the Human Brain Process Objects of Expertise Like Faces? A Review of the Evidencep. 339
Representation of Object Images by Combinations of Visual Features in the Macaque Inferotemporal Cortexp. 357
Contributorsp. 371
Indexp. 373
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262042239
ISBN-10: 0262042231
Series: A Bradford Book
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 408
Published: 1st June 2005
Publisher: MIT Press Ltd
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 17.8  x 3.2
Weight (kg): 0.89