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Friendship and Society : An Introduction to Augustine's Practical Philosophy :  An Introduction to Augustine's Practical Philosophy - Donald X. Burt

Friendship and Society : An Introduction to Augustine's Practical Philosophy

An Introduction to Augustine's Practical Philosophy

Paperback Published: May 1999
ISBN: 9780802846822
Number Of Pages: 252

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What can I know? What can I hope for? What should I do? These are three perennial questions of life, and few thinkers have offered such penetrating answers as Augustine. Friendship and Society is a fascinating volume meant for those interested in what one of history's greatest minds had to say about life in an imperfect world. Bridging expert scholarship and a popular readership, this volume assumes no in-depth knowledge of philosophy or prior acquaintance with Augustine's writings. An introductory reflection on the human predicament is followed by a clear and accurate outline of Augustine's thought on such revelant topics as ethics, politics, society, history, the family, war and peace, crime and punishment, and church and state. Unifying the book is a powerful argument that "friendship" can be the tie that binds us all.

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. x
The Human Predicament: Alienation and Affectionp. 1
Philosophy of Historyp. 10
Introductionp. 10
Augustine's Philosophy of Historyp. 12
Ethicsp. 30
The Questions Raised by Ethicsp. 30
Augustine's Ethical Theoryp. 33
The Meaning of Happinessp. 33
Augustine's Answer to "What Is Good?"p. 38
Augustine's Answer to "Why Be Good?"p. 42
The Characteristics of the Good Personp. 46
Concluding Thought: Hopeful Optimismp. 54
Friendship and Societyp. 55
Introduction: The Human as Social Animalp. 55
The Nature and Characteristics of Friendshipp. 57
The Need and Value of Friendshipp. 57
The Characteristics of Friendshipp. 59
Authority in a Society of Friendsp. 68
Augustine and the Friendly Societyp. 73
The Family: A Society of Friendsp. 77
Introductionp. 77
Influences on Augustine's Teachingp. 77
The Forms of Societyp. 79
Augustine's Views on Marriage and the Familyp. 80
The Nature and Goods of Marriagep. 80
Husband and Wife: A Union of Friendsp. 86
Friendship between Parent and Childp. 90
The Family: Obstacles to Friendshipp. 99
Introduction: The Problemp. 99
Objection 1: The Inequality of Womenp. 100
Objection 2: Subordination of Wife to Husbandp. 102
Objection 3: Sexual Desirep. 112
Concluding Thoughtp. 118
The Nature of the Statep. 120
Introductionp. 120
A Tale of Two Citiesp. 120
The Cultural Contextp. 122
Augustine's Political Philosophyp. 123
Preliminary Pointsp. 123
Nature and Purpose of the Statep. 124
Essential Characteristicsp. 124
The Purpose of the Statep. 129
Is the State a Natural Society?p. 130
The Structure and Importance of the Questionp. 130
The Need for the Statep. 131
Development of the Argumentp. 133
The Meaning of Natural Authorityp. 136
Objection: "Shepherds, Not Kings"p. 141
"Dreaming of Jerusalem": The Ideal Statep. 145
Conclusionp. 149
Law and Violencep. 150
Introduction: Coping with Babylonp. 150
The Nature and Limits of Civil Lawp. 152
Dealing with the Imperfect Statep. 154
The Moral Response to Violencep. 157
Introductionp. 157
The Causes of Violencep. 158
The Morality of Violent Actsp. 161
Killing Humans: General Principlesp. 164
War and Peacep. 169
The Nature of Peacep. 169
The Nature and Morality of Warp. 175
Crime and Punishmentp. 184
Introductionp. 184
Augustine's Views on Punishmentp. 187
The Morality of Capital Punishmentp. 193
Church and Statep. 200
Introductionp. 200
The Nature of the Churchp. 202
History of Donatismp. 206
Augustine on the Justification of State Intervention in Religious Disputesp. 210
Justifying Reasons for State Interventionp. 212
Toleration of Pagans, Jews, and Manicheansp. 218
Bibliographyp. 228
Indexp. 237
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780802846822
ISBN-10: 0802846823
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 252
Published: May 1999
Publisher: William B Eerdmans Publishing Co
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 1.4
Weight (kg): 0.38