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French Socialism and Sexual Difference : Women and the New Society, 1803-44 - S. Foley

French Socialism and Sexual Difference

Women and the New Society, 1803-44

By: S. Foley

Hardcover Published: 27th February 1992
ISBN: 9780333525302
Number Of Pages: 249

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This study explores the meanings ascribed to sexual differences within early 19th century French socialism, and the implications of such definitions for women. Through a detailed examination of the theories of Charles Fourier, the Saint-Simonians and Flora Tristan, it illustrates how gender distinctions provided a tool of social criticism and an image of the idealized future. Love and sympathy were assigned as the qualities of "the feminine", thus justifying women's social participation alongside men. Furthermore, these qualities gave "the feminine" a symbolic significance in the project of moral and social renewal, evoking the desired world of harmony and co-operation. Rather than rejecting the binary distinction between masculine and feminine which was gaining new importance in their society, therefore, socialists challenged the value it ascribed to each sex and the roles it legitimated. However, the accentuation of sex differences also circumscribed the possibilities for female "liberty" and self-definition in their own society, and in the ideal worlds they envisaged.

Acknowledgements - Introduction - Charles Fourier and the Nature of Woman - Charles Fourier and the Roles of Women - The Saint-Simonians Discover 'Woman' - The Saint-Simonians Define Women's Social Roles - The 'New Moral Law' and Women's Sexual Roles - The 'New Moral Law', the Family and Motherhood - Flora Tristan and the Moral Superiority of Woman - Flora Tristan, Socialism and the 'Reign of Women' - Conclusion - Notes - Bibliography - Index

ISBN: 9780333525302
ISBN-10: 0333525302
Series: Women and the New Society, 1803-44
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 249
Published: 27th February 1992
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.3 x 14.5  x 2.1
Weight (kg): 0.49
Edition Number: 2