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French Revolution Debate in Britain : The Origins of Modern Politics - Gregory Claeys

French Revolution Debate in Britain

The Origins of Modern Politics

Hardcover Published: 22nd March 2007
ISBN: 9780333626467
Number Of Pages: 246

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Gregory Claeys explores the reception of the French Revolution in Britain through the medium of its leading interpreters. Claeys argues that the major figures - Thomas Paine, Edmund Burke, Mary Wollstonecraft, William Godwin and John Thelwall - collectively laid the foundations for political debate for the following century, and longer.

'Claeys has an enviable gift for expounding lucidly what are often complicated and sophisticated arguments. Any student working on the political and social thought of England in the 1790s will find this a very helpful introduction.' - Tim Blanning, Faculty of History, University of Cambridge, UK

Acknowledgementsp. viii
Chronologyp. ix
Introduction: The Origins of Modern Political Discoursep. 1
Edmund Burke: Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790) and the Origins of Conservatismp. 11
Backgroundp. 11
The Revolution Commencesp. 11
Burke's Main Argumentsp. 14
The Reception of the Reflectionsp. 23
The Development of Burke's Thought after the Reflectionsp. 25
Burke's Later Reputationp. 32
Thomas Paine: Rights of Man (1791-2) and the Origins of Radicalismp. 35
Backgroundp. 35
Rights of Man (1791-2)p. 35
Paine's Religious Thought: The Age of Reason (1794)p. 41
Reinforcing Property Rights: Agrarian Justice (1796)p. 44
The Reception and later Reputation of Paine's Ideasp. 47
Mary Wollstonecraft: Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) and the Origins of Feminismp. 49
Wollstonecraft's Lifep. 49
From the Vindication of the Rights of Men to the Vindication of the Rights of Womanp. 50
The Development of Wollstonecraft's Thoughtp. 65
Wollstonecraft's Reputationp. 66
The Spectre of 'Levelling': Loyalists and Paineites, c. 1791-5p. 68
Introductionp. 68
Responses to Burkep. 70
West of Hounslow: The Growth of Popular Radicalismp. 75
The Emergence of Loyalismp. 79
Responses to Painep. 80
The Popular Debate in Decline c. 1793-1800p. 92
Conclusionp. 97
Varieties of Whiggism: Fox, Sheridan and the Whig Party, 1791-3p. 99
Introduction: Whigs Unwhigged?: Fragmented Loyaltiesp. 99
Whigs and Newer Whigs: Charles James Fox and Richard Brinsley Sheridanp. 100
Whig Radicalism: The Society of the Friends of the People and the Revolution Societyp. 111
Conclusionp. 116
William Godwin: The Enquiry Concerning Political Justice (1793) and the Origins of Philosophical Anarchismp. 118
Life and Backgroundp. 118
The Central Doctrines of the Enquiry Concerning Political Justicep. 119
The Enquirer (1797) and Godwin's Later Views: Doubts Respecting Simplicityp. 129
The Reception of Political Justicep. 134
Conclusionp. 137
John Thelwall: Luxury, Property and the Rights of Labourp. 138
Introductionp. 138
Republicanism, Poverty and Luxury: Thelwall's Intellectual Development and Significancep. 138
Virtuous Poverty Abandoned: The Rights of Nature Against the Usurpations of Establishments (1796)p. 144
Conclusionp. 152
Conclusionp. 154
The Aftermathp. 154
Epilogue: Exit Strategiesp. 155
Godwin and Malthusp. 155
Charles Hall and the Origins of Socialismp. 159
Conclusion: The Prelude to Modern Liberty and Equalityp. 163
Notesp. 165
Reading List: Major Figuresp. 237
Indexp. 241
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780333626467
ISBN-10: 033362646X
Series: British History in Perspective
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 246
Published: 22nd March 2007
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.3 x 14.2  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.43
Edition Number: 1