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French Intellectuals Against the Left : The Antitotalitarian Moment of the 1970s - Michael Scott Christofferson

French Intellectuals Against the Left

The Antitotalitarian Moment of the 1970s

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Published: 22nd June 2004
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" . . . an exceptionally fine text - one that could only have been written by an author mercifully free, for whatever reason of the phobias and philias about French intellectual life of previous generations." - New Left Review "This book is clearly an indispensable resource for historians of twentieth-century France and French intellectual life, and a fine resource for anyone interested in a political sociology of the intellectual. Its fundamental thesis concerning the political sources of the antitotalitarian moment in the discourse of direct democracy and the electoral opposition to the PCF is largely persuasive-and a welcome antidote to the many distortions that obscure this key reactive shift." - Radical Philosophy "I learned an enormous amount from your first-rate contribution. It is a very exciting and intelligent piece of work . . . very impressive." - Michael Seidman In the latter half of the 1970s, the French intellectual Left denounced communism, Marxism, and revolutionary politics through a critique of left-wing totalitarianism that paved the way for today's postmodern, liberal, and moderate republican political options. Contrary to the dominant understanding of the critique of totalitarianism as an abrupt rupture induced by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn's The Gulag Archipelago, Christofferson argues that French anti-totalitarianism was the culmination of direct-democratic critiques of communism and revisions of the revolutionary project after 1956. The author's focus on the direct-democratic politics of French intellectuals offers an important alternative to recent histories that seek to explain the course of French intellectual politics by France's apparent lack of a liberal tradition. Michael Scott Christofferson was educated at Carleton College and Columbia University. He currently is Assistant Professor of History at the Pennsylvania State University, Erie and lives in the Cleveland, Ohio.

"pathbreaking book...Persuasively arguing his overall case through meticulous research and analysis."�����French Politics, Culture, and Society

..".an exceptionally fine text - one that could only have been written by an author mercifully free, for whatever reason of the phobias and philias about French intellectual life of previous generations."����New Left Review

"This book is clearly an indispensable resource for historians of twentieth-century France and French intellectual life, and a fine resource for anyone interested in a political sociology of the intellectual. Its fundamental thesis concerning the political sources of the antitotalitarian moment in the discourse of direct democracy and the electoral opposition to the PCF is largely persuasive-and a welcome antidote to the many distortions that obscure this key reactive shift."����Radical Philosophy

"I learned an enormous amount from your first-rate contribution. It is a very exciting and intelligent piece of work ... very impressive." ���� Michael Seidman

"The cooling of their love affair with revolution by many French intellectuals was a signal development in the late 20th century French public life. Michael Christofferson's fresh study, based on an immense and scrupulously handled research base, finds that the impact of Solzenitsyn's The Gulag Archipelago (1974) was only the last step in a developing French critique of Marxist totalitarianism going back to the 1950s. This is essential reading for understanding the French left of today."����Robert O. Paxton, Columbia University

Prefacep. ix
Introductory Essays
Business, Political Risk, and Historians in the Twentieth Centuryp. 3
Multinationals and Dictatorship: Europe in the 1930s and early 1940sp. 22
Authoritarian Regimes as Competitive Advantage and Liability
Competition and Collaboration among the Axis Multinational Insurers: Munich Re, Generali, and Riunione Adriatica, 1933-1943p. 41
Market Assessment and Domestic Political Risk: The Case of Degussa and Carbon Black in Nazi Germany, 1933-1939p. 62
The Perception and Management of Political Risk in Dictatorial Business Environments: Outward Investment and Capital Flight
German Pharmaceutical Companies in South America: The Case of Schering AG in Argentinap. 81
Multinational Jewish Businesses and the Transfer of Capital Abroad in the Face of "Aryanization," 1933-1939p. 103
Siemens in Eastern Europe: From the End of World War I to the End of World War IIp. 122
The Problem of Foreignness
Between Parent and "Child," IBM and Its German Subsidiary, 1910-1945p. 149
The Great Northern Telegraph Company and Dictatorshipp. 174
Managing Risk in the Third Reich: British Business with Germany in the 1930sp. 194
Under Threat of Nazi Occupation: The Fate of Multinationals in the Czech Lands, 1938-1945p. 206
Industrial Capitalism and Political Constraints: the Bureaucratization of Economic Life during the Fascist Regimep. 223
Notes on Contributorsp. 235
Bibliographyp. 239
Indexp. 249
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781571814272
ISBN-10: 1571814272
Series: Berghahn Monographs in French Studies; 2
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 306
Published: 22nd June 2004
Publisher: BERGHAHN BOOKS INC
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.63
Weight (kg): 0.41