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Freedom for the Seas in the 21st Century : Ocean Governance And Environmental Harmony - Jon M. Van Dyke

Freedom for the Seas in the 21st Century

Ocean Governance And Environmental Harmony

By: Jon M. Van Dyke (Editor), Durwood Zaelke (Editor), Grant Hewison (Editor)

Paperback Published: 1st November 1993
ISBN: 9781559632423
Number Of Pages: 524

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Freedom for the Seas in the 21st Century brings together leading international experts on marine policy to address current threats to the health of the seas and to offer new approaches to the challenge of protecting our marine environment. The paradigm presented is one of ocean governance rather than of law or policy; it challenges the prevailing view that the "freedom of the seas" concept is a sacrosanct principle and calls instead for a governing notion of "freedom for the seas, " where the primary goal is the protection of ecological vitality. Topics covered include evolution and shortcomings of the current system, relation of indigenous peoples to the law of the sea, strategies for controlling ocean pollution, regulation of high-seas fishing, defects in current deep seabed mining regulatory provisions, and threats to the marine environment posed by military activities. The authors address the fundamental structural inadequacy of current mechanisms of international law and present practical alternatives to the present system. Throughout the volume, they emphasize that slowing the destruction of our vital marine environment is the responsibility of all people: we must adopt a perspective of respect, kinship, and environmental harmony if we are to pass on to future generations our fragile and finite ocean resources.

Preface: Nga Kupu Timatanga (There Is a Story That Needs to Be Told)
International Governance and Stewardship of the High Seas and Its Resourcesp. 13
The Process of Creating an International Ocean Regime to Protect the Ocean's Resourcesp. 23
Perspectives on Ocean Governancep. 38
Indigenous Law and the Seap. 41
Mare Nostrum: A New International Law of the Seap. 49
Changing Concepts of Freedom of the Seas: A Historical Perspectivep. 72
An Introduction to Some Hawaiian Perspectives on the Oceanp. 91
The Unfinished Agenda for the Pacific to Protect the Ocean Environmentp. 103
The Convention for the Protection of the Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific Region: Its Strengths and Weaknessesp. 113
Steps Taken by South Pacific Island States to Preserve and Protect Ocean Resources for Future Generationsp. 121
Governance and Stewardship of the Living Resources: The Work of the South Pacific Forum Fisheries Agencyp. 131
The Need for a New Global Ocean Governance Systemp. 147
Mending the Seas through a Global Commons Trust Fundp. 171
International Ocean Protection Agreements: What Is Needed?p. 187
Seaborne Movements of Hazardous Materialsp. 198
Protected Marine Areas and Low-lying Atollsp. 214
Unregulated High Seas Fishing and Ocean Governancep. 235
High Seas Fisheries, Large-Scale Drift Nets, and the Law of the Seap. 272
The International Legal Issues Concerning the Use of Drift Nets, with Special Emphasis on Japanese Practices and Responsesp. 292
Reconsidering Freedom of the High Seas: Protection of Living Marine Resources on the High Seasp. 310
Recent Developments in the Use of International Trade Restrictions as a Conservation Measure for Marine Resourcesp. 327
The Legacy and Challenge of International Aid in Marine Resource Developmentp. 340
Excision of the Deep Seabed Mining Provisions from the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention: Reappraising the Principle of a Treaty's Integrity under the New Realitiesp. 379
A Response to Dr. Artemy A. Saguirianp. 388
Environmental Ethics, International Law, and Deep Seabed Mining: The Search for a New Point of Departurep. 392
Security Regimes for the Oceans: The Tragedy of the Commons, the Security Dilemma, and Common Securityp. 409
Denuclearizing and Demilitarizing the Seasp. 420
Navies, Ocean Resources, and the Marine Environmentp. 435
Military Exclusion and Warning Zones on the High Seasp. 445
Summary and Conclusions - Ocean Governance: Converging Modes of Idealismp. 471
Perspectives on Environmental Harmonyp. 477
Biographiesp. 479
Indexp. 487
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781559632423
ISBN-10: 1559632429
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 524
Published: 1st November 1993
Publisher: Island Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.3  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 0.73
Edition Number: 2