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Freedom and Religion in Kant and his Immediate Successors : The Vocation of Humankind, 1774-1800 - George Di Giovanni

Freedom and Religion in Kant and his Immediate Successors

The Vocation of Humankind, 1774-1800

Hardcover Published: 18th June 2014
ISBN: 9780521844512
Number Of Pages: 390

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The theologians of the late German Enlightenment saw in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason a new rational defence of their Christian faith. In fact, Kant's critical theory of meaning and moral law totally subverted the spirit of that faith. This challenging new study examines the contribution made by the Critique of Pure Reason to this change of meaning. George di Giovanni stresses the revolutionary character of Kant's critical thought but also reveals how this thought was being held hostage to unwarranted metaphysical assumptions that caused much confusion and rendered the First Critique vulnerable to being reabsorbed into modes of thought typical of Enlightenment popular philosophy. Amongst the striking features of this book are nuanced interpretations of Jacobi and Reinhold, a lucid exposition of Fichte's early thought, and a rare, detailed account of Enlightenment popular philosophy.

'Most of the figures discussed by di Giovanni have been almost entirely ignored - and not only by Anglophones - and most of their works are now almost entirely unobtainable. For this reason alone, di Giovanni's discussion of their work is very valuable. But not only for this reason ... His treatment of these philosophers is almost always philosophically incisive, penetrating to the heart of a doctrine and revealing its underlying point and abiding relevance.' Frederick Beiser, author of The Fate of Reason ' ... a magnificent addition to Cambridge's powerful list in German philosophy ...' Paul Guyer

Prefacep. ix
Abbreviationsp. xv
Introduction: The Vocation of Humankind, 1774p. 1
The Themep. 1
The Systemp. 6
The Presence of Jacobip. 10
Polemical Notesp. 16
The Issue of Religionp. 24
Mapping out the Storyp. 28
The Taming of Kant: Popular Philosophyp. 32
The Brilliant Immodesty of Kantp. 32
Popular Philosophyp. 37
Popular Philosophy and the Critique of Reasonp. 49
The Culture of Feelingp. 55
The Return to Leibnizp. 58
Leibniz versus Kant?p. 62
The Intractable Kant: Schultz, Jacobi, Reinholdp. 66
The Canonical Interpretationp. 66
Jacobi's Realismp. 77
Reinhold's Pastichep. 91
The Specter of Naturalismp. 104
Of Human Freedom and Necessityp. 108
The Classical Heritagep. 108
Reinhold versus Schmidp. 118
Rehberg and Kantp. 125
Jacobi on Spinozism and Human Freedomp. 137
Jacobi, Rehberg, and Reinhold versus Kantp. 150
Kant's Moral Systemp. 152
The Dogmatism of the Critique of Reasonp. 153
The Gospel According to Kantp. 186
Kant's Wayp. 202
The Difference That Fichte Madep. 205
The Debate on Freedom, Continuedp. 205
The Gospel According to Fichtep. 210
Reinhold on Fichte and Kantp. 225
The Scandal That Fichte Wasp. 237
The Parting of the Waysp. 242
Anno Domini 1799p. 242
Reinhold Converts Againp. 244
Jacobi's Cri de Coeurp. 264
Kant's Anathemap. 269
The Vocation of Humankind Revisited, 1800: Conclusionp. 271
New Book, Old Themesp. 272
The Critics, Old and Newp. 285
Back to the Beginningp. 293
Notesp. 301
Bibliographyp. 347
Indexp. 361
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521844512
ISBN-10: 0521844517
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 390
Published: 18th June 2014
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.5
Weight (kg): 0.74