The text of this Norton Critical Edition is that of the 1818 first edition, published in three volumes by Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, and Jones, in which only obvious typographical errors have been corrected.
This text represents what "Frankenstein"'s first readers encountered and is the text favored by scholars.
A special critical section, Composition and Revision, includes essays by M. K. Joseph and Anne Mellor that address the issues surrounding teachers choice of text.
Contemporary perspectives of the text are provided in two sections: Contexts helps place the novel in relation to the mind of its creator through writings by Mary Shelley, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Lord Byron, and John William Polidori; Nineteenth-Century Responses collects six reactions to the book from the years 1818 to 1886.
"Criticism" brings together twelve seminal essays. The emphasis is on range-both critical (psychoanalytic, mythic, new historicist, and feminist essays are included) and chronological (essays span the last thirty years).
Christopher Small, George Lebine, Ellen Moers, Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar, Barbara Johnson, Mary Poovey, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, William Veeder, Anne K. Mellor, Susan Winnett, Marilyn Butler, and Lawrence Lipking provide diverse perspectives.
A Chronology and Selected Bibliography are also included.
About the Series: No other series of classic texts equals the caliber of the Norton Critical Editions. Each volume combines the most authoritative text available with the comprehensive pedagogical apparatus necessary to appreciate the work fully. Careful editing, first-rate translation, and thorough explanatory annotations allow each textto meet the highest literary standards while remaining accessible to students. Each edition is printed on acid-free paper and every text in the series remains in print. Norton Critical Editions are the choice for excellence in scholarship for students at more than 2,000 universities worldwide.
List of Illustrations
The Text of Frankenstein
map: Geneva and Its Environs
Title page (1818)
CIRCUMSTANCE, INFLUENCE, COMPOSITION, REVISION
Mary Shelley ? Introduction to Frankenstein, Third Edition (1831)
John William Polidori ? Letter Prefaced to The Vampyre (1819)
M. K. Joseph ? The Composition of Frankenstein
Chris Baldick ? [Assembling Frankenstein]
Richard Holmes ? [Mary Shelley and the Power of Contemporary Science]
Christa Knellwolf and Jane Goodall ? [The Significance of Place: Ingolstadt]
Charles E. Robinson ? Texts in Search of an Editor: Reflections on The Frankenstein Notebooks and on Editorial Authority
Anne K. Mellor ? Choosing a Text of Frankenstein to Teach
RECEPTION, IMPACT, ADAPTATION
Percy Bysshe Shelley ? On Frankenstein
[John Croker] ? From the Quarterly Review (January 1818)
Sir Walter Scott ? From Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine (March 1818)
Edinburgh Magazine ? [On Frankenstein] (March 1818)
Gentleman's Magazine ? [On Frankenstein] (April 1818)
Knight's Quarterly ? [On Frankenstein] (August-November 1824)
Hugh Reginald Haweis ? Introduction to the Routledge World Library Edition (1886)
Chris Baldick ? [The Reception of Frankenstein]
William St. Clair ? [Frankenstein's Impact]
Susan Tyler Hitchcock ? [The Monster Lives On]
Elizabeth Young ? [Frankenstein as Historical Metaphor]
David Pirie ? Approaches to Frankenstein [in Film]
SOURCES, INFLUENCES, ANALOGUES
The Book of Genesis ? [Biblical Account of Creation]
John Milton ? From Paradise Lost
Percy Bysshe Shelley ? Mont Blanc (1816)
[The Sea of Ice] (1817)
George Gordon, Lord Byron ? Prometheus
From Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, Canto III (1816)
Charles Lamb ? The Old Familiar Faces
George Levine ? Frankenstein and the Tradition of Realism
Ellen Moers ? Female Gothic: The Monster's Mother
Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar ? Mary Shelley's Monstrous Eve
Mary Poovey ? "My Hideous Progeny": The Lady and the Monster
Anne K. Mellor ? Possessing Nature: The Female in Frankenstein
Peter Brooks ? What Is a Monster? (According to Frankenstein)
Bette London ? Mary Shelley, Frankenstein, and the Spectacle of Masculinity
Marilyn Butler ? Frankenstein and Radical Science
Lawrence Lipking ? Frankenstein, the True Story; or, Rousseau Judges Jean-Jacques
Garrett Stewart ? In the Absence of Audience: Of Reading and Dread in Mary Shelley
James A. W. Heffernan ? Looking at the Monster: Frankenstein and Film
Patrick Brantlinger ? The Reading Monster
Jonathan Bate ? [Frankenstein and the State of Nature]
Anne K. Mellor ? Frankenstein, Racial Science, and the Yellow Peril
Jane Goodall ? Electrical Romanticism
Christa Knellwolf ? Geographic Boundaries and Inner Space: Frankenstein, Scientific Exploration, and the Quest for the Absolute
Mary Shelley: A Chronology