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Founding Community : A Phenomenological-Ethical Inquiry - H. Peter Steeves

Founding Community

A Phenomenological-Ethical Inquiry

Hardcover Published: 28th February 1998
ISBN: 9780792347989
Number Of Pages: 161

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Phenomenology, in its traditional encounters with ethics, has commonly aimed at a more descriptive rather than prescriptive goal. The direction of this project, however, is both phenomenological and prescriptive as I attempt to provide a phenomenological foundation for communitarian ethical theory. I argue, following Husserl, that the Ego and the Other arise together in sense and thus we are committed to community in a foundational way. I am always and fundamentally constituted as a member of a community - as a Self among Others - and, given this, there are certain ethical implications. Namely, there is a communal Good of which my good is but a perspective; indeed, it is a perspective on a Good which encompasses the whole of the living world and not just humanity. Consequently, we are foundationally imbedded in a deep community and a deep communitarian ethic.

Acknowledgments
Morality and Phenomenology
Introductionp. 1
Science, Morality, and Phenomenologyp. 3
The Ego and the Other in a Pairing Relation
Introductionp. 9
Empathic Perception and the Constitution of the Ego and the Other in Cartesian Meditationsp. 10
The Sphere of Ownnessp. 13
The Reciprocal Relation of Pairing: Some Problemsp. 20
Theunissen and the Question Concerning Pairingp. 22
Instinct and the Presence of the Other
The Case for Instinctp. 31
The Other as Unityp. 35
Re-Thinking Infantile Intentionalityp. 39
Limitations from a Husserlian Standpointp. 43
Moral Categoriality and Moral Being
Introductionp. 54
The History of Moral Theoryp. 54
Categoriality and Foundationsp. 57
Moral Categorialityp. 59
Morality as Choice v. Mode of Beingp. 62
Problem: The Unthinking Actorp. 63
Problem: The Non-Judgmental Actorp. 70
Conclusionp. 76
Phenomenological Communitarianism
Introduction: The Descriptive and the Normativep. 78
Communitarian Theory in General: Three Problemsp. 81
The "Disappearing-Self" Problemp. 83
The "Intersubjective Good" Problemp. 88
The "Constitution of a Community" Problemp. 94
The State of our Union, the Union of our Statep. 102
Non-Human Life and the Boundaries of Community
Introduction: A Persian Fablep. 121
Initial Human Pairing with Animalsp. 123
"Animal Phenomenology" and the Possibility of Community Generated Without Humansp. 126
The Gracious Act of Attention Late-in-Comingp. 129
Community Through Narrativep. 131
Humans and Animals in a Second-Order Communityp. 134
Conclusion: The Common Good as Moral Foundationp. 137
Bibliographyp. 144
Indexp. 152
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792347989
ISBN-10: 0792347986
Series: Phaenomenologica
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 161
Published: 28th February 1998
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.15  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.43