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Foundations of Neuroscience - Marcus Jacobson

Foundations of Neuroscience

Hardcover

Published: 30th September 1993
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  • Paperback View Product Published: 30th September 1995
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The author makes a unique contribution to the field by discussing the history and philosophy of the neurosciences, and then developing critical approaches which integrate techniques, theory, and ethics. Taken as a whole, Jacobson's work will provide a coherent and humane framework for future research programs.
The paperback edition of this highly successful text, first published in 1993, is now available! The author brings the ethics of neuroscience into a closer relationship with empirical research. Covering the field's history, philosophy, theories, and techniques, this volume provides the necessary moral and ethical framework to evaluate neuroscience research.

`Jacobson has a broad grasp of the history and the philosophical implications of the field of neuroscience....does an important service by enquiring deeply into the origins and philosophical implications of the underlying ideas of neuroscience.' Nature

Making Brain Models
The Argumentp. 1
Mental Models and the Search for Meaningp. 6
Making and Breaking Neuroscience Theoriesp. 29
Maturation of Neuroscience Theoriesp. 54
Discovery and Rediscovery: Disputes about Priorityp. 90
Neuroreductionism
The Argumentp. 97
Definition, Assumptions, and Goals of Neuroreductionismp. 101
Reduction by Analogy, Homology, and Comparative Extrapolationp. 105
The Appeal of Simplicityp. 107
Reduction Reveals Relationsp. 109
Ontological Status of Neuroreductionismp. 112
Experimental and Intertheoretic Reductionp. 117
Are There Emergent Properties of Complex Neural Systems?p. 119
Mental-to-Neural Reductionp. 122
Can Identity of Mental and Neural Events Be Demonstrated?p. 128
Psychophysical Dualism: Its Place in Neurosciencep. 133
Opposition to Reductionismp. 140
On Causal Explanations in Neurosciencep. 143
Struggle for Synthesis of the Neuron Theory
The Argumentp. 151
Remarks on Historiography of Neurosciencep. 155
Facts Are Necessary, Explanations Essentialp. 158
Construction of the Neuron Theory by Consilience from Lower-Level Theoriesp. 165
Neuron Theory in Relation to Microreduction of Nervous Systemsp. 174
Neuronal Typologyp. 184
The Dictatorship of Techniquesp. 190
Theories of Nerve Fiber Developmentp. 197
Theories of Nerve Cell Microspecializationp. 201
Theories of the Nerve Cell Membranep. 205
Theories of Nerve Connections: Continuity Theoriesp. 207
Theories of Nerve Connections: Surface Contacts and Synapsesp. 213
Conclusionsp. 223
Hero Worship and the Heroic in Neuroscience
The Argumentp. 229
The Cult of Heroic Scientistsp. 232
Cajal's Case: "The Bonfire of the Vanities"p. 237
Sherrington's Case: "The Corrections and Restraints of Art"p. 262
Ethics in Science
The Argumentp. 291
Neuroscientific Ethics - Ethical Neurosciencep. 295
"Moral Rules Need a Proof; Ergo Not Innate"p. 305
The Process of Iterative Reflective Judgmentp. 312
Ethical Conduct for Reaching Consensusp. 315
Development of Ethical Consciousnessp. 317
Referencesp. 325
Indexp. 375
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306445408
ISBN-10: 0306445409
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 388
Published: 30th September 1993
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.8  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 2.17