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Fossil and Recent Biofilms : A Natural History of Life on Earth - Wolfgang E. Krumbein

Fossil and Recent Biofilms

A Natural History of Life on Earth

Hardcover Published: 30th November 2003
ISBN: 9781402015977
Number Of Pages: 482

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MICROBIAL BIOFILMS: PROTECTIVE NICHES IN ANCIENT AND MODERN GEOMICROBIOLOGY J. W. Costerton and Paul Stoodley Center for Biofilm Engineering Montana State University As this book is published based on discussions of a conference that was held in 2001, it may be useful to provide an update on the most recent revelations about biofilms, so that this excellent exposition of the contribution of microbial biofilms to geological processes may be placed in a modem context. The importance of the contribution of microbial biofilms to global processes is only now being appreciated as it is revealed that all terrestrial surfaces are teeming with microbial life in the form of biofilm communities. These communities live on soil particles, in rock fissures, marine and river sediments and at the very extremes of terrestrial habitats from inside Antarctic ice to the walls of deep sea hydrothermal vents. The contribution of these biofilm communities generally went unrecognized because it was the water that was where microbiologists looked for life, not the surfaces, although, evidence of the early association of microbes with surfaces was in fact present in the fossil record (Rasmussen, 2000; Reysenbach, and Cady, 2001). It is also revealing that biofilm formation is found in prokaryotes from the most deeply rooted branches of the phylogenetic tree in both the Archaea and Bacteria kingdoms, the Korarchaeota and Aquificales respectively (Jahnke et al. 2001; Reysenbach et al. 2000).

Industry Reviews

"Fossil and Recent Biofilms provides a smorgasbord of data on microbial communities. Students of microbial ecology, evolution, biogeochemistry, and sedimentary geology will all find this volume valuable. Those who would integrate these disciplines will find it indispensable."
(Andrew H. Knoll, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA)

"Virtually all the world's experts in the area of ancient and fossil biofilms contributed to a 33 chapter compendium that offers something for everyone. The subjects range from definitions of terms, to the history and philosophy of biofilms, to the implications of biofilms for the evolution of microbes, the evolution of the Earth, and even the search for extraterrestrial life. The preface by Costerton and Stoodley is quite valuable in contrasting the "old" of this compendium with some of the "new" developments that are happening now, and even on the horizon. In the preface, biofilms are viewed as dynamic, evolving communities - sites for horizontal gene transfer and community adaptation and gene-swapping."
(Ken Nealson, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA)

"Overall diversified and high quality pictures illustrate an update synthesis of the modern concept of microbial biofilms in geomicrobiology which target both researchers, lecturers and students."
(F. Garabetian, Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France. Int. Journal of Limnology, 2004, 40 (2).)

Biodata of the Editors
Acknowledgements
Preface
Microbial biofilms: protective niches in ancient and modern geomicrobiology
Biofilm, Biodictyon Biomat - Microbialites, Oolites, Stromatolites - Geophysiology, Global Mechanism, Parahistology
Development and architecture of complex environmental biofilms - lotic biofilm systems
Ecosystem function, cell micro-cycling and the structure of transient biofilms
Structure of marine biofilms - Flat Laminated Mats and Modern Marine Stromatolites
Growth, structure and calcification potential of an artificial cyanobacterial mat
Microbial processes forming marine stromatolites - Microbe-Mineral Interactions with a Three-Billion-Year Rock Record
Nitrogen cycling in marine cyanobacterial mats
Diversity of Cyano-Bacterial Mats
Microbial spheres from microbial mats
Protozoans and biofilms
Bryozoan morphoprocesses
Biofilms and macroorganisms
"Farming" of microbial mats in the hindgut of echinoids
Extracellular polymers (EPS) and calcification within modern marine stromatolites
The Study of a recent Iron-encrusted biofilm in the marine environment
Microbial endoliths as internal biofilms
Epibenthic cyanobacterial communities interacting with sedimentary processes in siliciclastic depositional systems (present and past)
The role of biofilms in the fossilization of non-biomineralized tissues
Fossil and subrecent fungal communities in three calcrete series from the devonian of the Canadian rocky mountains, Carboniferous of northern France and Cretaceous of central Italy
Archean biofilms preserved in the Swaziland supergroup, South Africa
Is the feedback between genetic structure and community structure the computational mechanism of biofilm evolution?
Is there an adequate terminology of biofilms and microbial mats?
Hidden in plain sight - A macroscopic approach to biofilms and other visible manifestations of bacteria in the teaching of field microbiology
Is it possible to quantitatively assess the role of algobacterial films in a water body?
The role of fungal biofilm and networks in the terrestrial calcium carbonate cycle
Past and present biofilm formation in deep fennoscandian shield groundwater
Melanin and chromatic changes in black crusts of sandstone monuments
Quantification and spatial relationship of microorganisms in sub-aquatic and sub-aerial biofilms
Life on the edge and beyond
"Active planetary cover" concept and long-term evolution of planetary climate
Bacterial biofilms in astrobiology: the Importance of life detection
Fossil biofilms and the search for life on Mars
Some aspects of studying of fossil mats and biofilms
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402015977
ISBN-10: 1402015976
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 482
Published: 30th November 2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.0 x 16.0  x 2.57
Weight (kg): 1.14

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