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Foreign Language Learning and Use : Interaction in Informal Social Networks - Naomi Kurata

Foreign Language Learning and Use

Interaction in Informal Social Networks

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Published: 2nd December 2010
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It is commonly believed that foreign language skills improve through social interaction with speakers of the language. However, there is little research addressing the issue of access to such interaction. This book explores this issue, examining longitudinal case studies of interaction between language learners and speakers of the target language within their informal social networks. It looks at the complex social and personal factors that influence language choice. Kurata reveals that even for motivated learners opportunities to use the target language are limited, and suggests factors that promote language use and opportunities for learning.She proposes ways around obstacles to opportunities for second language use and second language learning and sets out important implications for language learning in and outside classrooms.

Acknowledgementsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
Social Contexts of Language Use and Learningp. 5
Informal Social Networks as Contexts for L2 Use and Learningp. 6
Research Questionsp. 7
L2 Learners in English-dominant Settings: Learners of Japanese in Australiap. 8
Language Learning as Social Practicep. 10
Sociocultural theoryp. 11
Post-structural perspectivesp. 16
Language Selection Theoriesp. 19
Research into Social Influence on Language Selectionp. 21
Social factors influencing language choice in classroom settingsp. 22
L1/L2 use in learning settings outside the classroomp. 23
Research into Social Factors Affecting Opportunities for L2 Learningp. 25
Socioculturally oriented research on L2 learning in natural settingsp. 26
Social networks and their relevance to L2 learningp. 29
The Participantsp. 34
Methodologyp. 35
Data Collectionp. 36
Interaction interviewsp. 36
Interaction data for a micro-discourse analysisp. 38
Diary entriesp. 39
Stimulated recall interviewsp. 40
Transcriptionp. 42
Transcription of oral interaction datap. 42
Transcription of interviewsp. 43
Analysisp. 44
Summaryp. 45
Learners' Bilingual Social Networksp. 47
The Participants' General Backgroundsp. 47
Cindyp. 50
Linguistic backgroundp. 50
Bilingual networks and language use patterns within themp. 52
Gracep. 54
Linguistic backgroundp. 54
Bilingual networks and language use patterns within themp. 56
Pattyp. 58
Linguistic backgroundp. 58
Bilingual networks and language use patterns within themp. 60
Jimp. 62
Linguistic backgroundp. 62
Bilingual networks and language use patterns within themp. 63
Simonp. 66
Linguistic backgroundp. 66
Bilingual networks and language use patterns within themp. 67
Maxp. 69
Linguistic backgroundp. 69
Bilingual networks and language use patterns within themp. 70
Summary and Discussionp. 73
Changes in L1/L2 Usep. 75
Gracep. 76
Self-image as an L2 user or learner formed during the learner's in-country experiencep. 76
Language negotiation with a Japanese network member in Australiap. 79
Language negotiation with a Japanese network member in Japanp. 83
Jimp. 87
An NS's corrective behaviour and impoverishment of opportunities to use L2p. 88
Awareness about the learner's self-image as an L2 user and co-construction of opportunities to use L2p. 91
Simonp. 97
Transition of language use patternsp. 98
Negotiating goals of interactionsp. 99
Summaryp. 102
Language Selection and Its Negotiationp. 103
Situations of Conversationsp. 104
Max's chat with Riku and Yukip. 104
Simon's private lessons with Erip. 105
Cindy's private lessons with Miep. 105
Patty's language exchange with Namip. 106
Overall Language Usep. 106
Language use patternsp. 107
Learners' use of Japanesep. 108
Micro-discourse Analysis of L1/L2 Usep. 111
Max's conversationsp. 111
Two activities: socialization and language learningp. 118
Contradictions between goalsp. 119
Languages as mediational artifactsp. 120
Social roles and rules/norms within the communityp. 122
Opportunities for L2 use in learning activitiesp. 123
Summary and Discussionp. 134
Opportunities for L2 Learningp. 137
Learner-NS Conversation in an Informal Settingp. 137
Interactional resources available for the learnerp. 139
The NS's corrective feedback and its uptake by the learnerp. 140
The learner's discourse strategiesp. 142
Learner-NS Conversations in Semi-instructional Contextsp. 143
Major types of assistance provided by NSsp. 144
The learner's active orientation to learning itemsp. 145
Learner-NS Informal Written Discourse Onlinep. 147
The NS's assistance in the learner's ZPDp. 147
The learner's interactional resourcesp. 150
The NS's corrective feedback and the learner's orientation to itp. 151
Learner-Learner Informal Written Discourse Onlinep. 153
Mutual assistance in lexical knowledgep. 154
Assisted performance in the ZPD and interpersonal spacep. 156
Major Factors Contributing to Learning Opportunities in the Four Different Settingsp. 156
Social rolesp. 157
History as an L2 user or learnerp. 159
Norms in communitiesp. 161
Summaryp. 163
Access to L2 Social Interaction: Implications for Language Teaching and Learningp. 165
The Dynamic and Complex Nature of Language Selectionp. 165
Social Relationships in L2 Use and Learning Situationsp. 167
Overcoming the Obstacles to Opportunities for L2 Use and Learningp. 168
Directions for Future Researchp. 171
Questionnaire for the First Year Studentsp. 175
Interaction Interviewsp. 177
Diary About Exposure to Japanese Outside Classroomsp. 179
Referencesp. 181
Indexp. 193
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780826424303
ISBN-10: 0826424309
Audience: BAC
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 208
Published: 2nd December 2010
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.37 x 15.75  x 2.03
Weight (kg): 0.45
Edition Number: 1