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Foreign Language Learning : Psycholinguistic Studies on Training and Retention - Alice F. Healy

Foreign Language Learning

Psycholinguistic Studies on Training and Retention

By: Alice F. Healy (Editor), Lyle E. Bourne, Jr. (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 1st October 1998
ISBN: 9780805827545
Number Of Pages: 456

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Based on a research project funded by the Army Research Institute, "Foreign Language Learning" reports original empirical and theoretical research on foreign language acquisition and makes recommendations about applications to foreign language instruction. The ultimate goal of this project was to identify a set of psychological principles that can provide the foundation for--or at least, argumentation for--a foreign language training course. This book reviews the various studies of which the project is comprised. It begins with an overview chapter outlining the scope of the project and summarizing some of the experiments that were conducted in the laboratory. In each of the following chapters, the contributors report on previously unpublished research on selected specific psycholinguistic training principles; vocabulary and concept acquisition; language comprehension; reading processes; and bilingualism. The final chapter--prepared by a prominent expert on second language training--provides an overview and evaluation of the contribution of the research described in earlier chapters to the goal of improving instructional methods in foreign language learning.
Sandwiched between the introductory and final chapters are four major sections:
* "Vocabulary and Concept Acquisition, " which discusses the effect of first-language phonological configuration on lexical acquisition in a second language, contextual inference effects in foreign language vocabulary acquisition and retention, mediated processes in foreign language vocabulary acquisition and retention, and the status of the count-mass distinction in a mental grammar;
* "Language Comprehension, " which addresses voice communication between air traffic controllers and pilots who are nonnative speakers of English, cognitive strategies in discourse processing, and the effects of context and word order in Maasai sentence production and comprehension;
* "Reading Processes, " which discusses the enhancement of text comprehension through highlighting, the effect of alphabet and fluency on unitization processes in reading, and reading proficiency of bilinguals in their first and second languages; and
* "Bilingualism, " which addresses Stroop interference effects in bilinguals between similar and dissimilar languages, the individual differences in second language proficiency, and the hierarchical model of bilingual representation.

Prefacep. xi
Referencesp. xiv
Introductory Overviewp. 1
Toward the Improvement of Training in Foreign Languagesp. 3
Referencesp. 52
Vocabulary and Concept Acquisitionp. 55
Effect of First Language Phonological Configuration on Lexical Acquisition in a Second Languagep. 57
Referencesp. 76
Contextual Interference Effects in Foreign Language Vocabulary Acquisition and Retentionp. 77
Referencesp. 90
the Role of Prior Knowledge in Mediating Foreign Vocabulary Acquisition and Retention: a Process-Analytic Approachp. 91
Referencesp. 110
on the Status of the Count-Mass Distinction in a Mental Grammarp. 113
Referencesp. 139
Phonological Short-Term Memory and Foreign Language Learningp. 141
Referencesp. 156
Language Comprehensionp. 159
Misunderstandings in Voice Communication: Effects of Fluency in a Second Languagep. 161
Referencesp. 192
Anaphora in Language Processing: Transfer of Cognitive Strategies by Native Chinese, Dutch, English, and Japanese Speakersp. 193
Referencesp. 211
Argument Structure and Maasai Possessive Interpretation: Implications for Language Learningp. 213
Referencesp. 228
Learning and Losing Syntax: Practice Makes Perfect and Frequency Builds Fortitudep. 231
Referencesp. 254
Reading Processesp. 257
Highlighting Important Words Leads to Poorer Comprehensionp. 259
the Effect of Alphabet and Fluency on Unitization Processes in Readingp. 273
Referencesp. 290
Transfer Effects of First Language Proficiency on Second Language Readingp. 291
Bilingualismp. 315
Stroop Interference in Bilinguals: the Role of Similarity Between the Two Languagesp. 317
Referencesp. 336
Referencesp. 337
Individual Differences in Second Language Proficiency: Working Memory as Language Aptitudep. 339
a Model of Bilingual Representation and Its Implications for Second Language Acquisitionp. 365
Referencesp. 393
Commentaryp. 397
Second Language Learning Revisited: the Psycholinguistic Perspectivep. 399
Referencesp. 411
About the Authorsp. 413
Author Indexp. 421
Subject Indexp. 431
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780805827545
ISBN-10: 0805827544
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 456
Published: 1st October 1998
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 16.51  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.91
Edition Number: 1

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