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Footwear Impression Evidence : Detection, Recovery and Examination, SECOND EDITION - William J. Bodziak

Footwear Impression Evidence

Detection, Recovery and Examination, SECOND EDITION

Hardcover Published: 17th September 1999
ISBN: 9780849310454
Number Of Pages: 528

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Reviewed and recognized as the most authoritative sourceA in the field, this book describes the methods used worldwide to recover and identify footwear impressions from the scene of a crime.

In this new edition, A everything, including the original twelve chapters, A bibliography, appendix, etc., has been clarified, updated and expanded. This edition includes updated and new information on recovery procedures and materials such as lifting, photography and casting; chemical enhancement; updated information about footwear manufacturing; footwear sizing; and known impression techniques and materials.


Besides updating and expanding the twelve original chapters, Footwear Impression Evidence: Detection, Recovery and Examination, Second Edition adds three new chapters: one chapter on barefoot evidence, which concerns impressions made by the naked or sock-clad foot or those which remain in abandoned or discarded footwear; another new chapter on several cases in which the footwear impression evidence was of primary importance in bringing about a conviction or confession; and finally, a new chapter on the footwear impression evidence in the O.J. Simpson criminal and civil cases.

"The book is an updated edition of Bodziaks' jhighly respected Footwear Impression Evidence, published in 1990, which at the time also updated and brought together knowledge, which the footwear impression examiner would require in practice. . . There is no doubt that this book is essential reading for the footwear impression examiner, representing the most comprehensive considerations of footwear impression evidence to date. . . the book is an essential purchase for anyone involved in footwear identification. The first edition was a classic in its own right written by an acknowledged master in the field of footwear impression evidence. . . Despite this, I would undoubtedly recommend the book for those working in this area of identification." -Dr, Wesley Vernon PhD "contains virtually everything that a footwear mark examiner should know about, with information gleaned from all around the world an extremely useful reference for any aspiring footwear mark examiner. Even long established examiners are likely to find something of interest in it." - Science & Justice Review of the first edition: "By any measure this is a comprehensive treatment of the many forensic components of shoemark evidence." -Forensic Science International

Awareness, Detection, and Treatment of Footwear Impression Evidencep. 1
General Information Regarding Footwear Impression Evidencep. 1
Formation of Footwear Impressionsp. 7
Finding Footwear Impressions at the Scene of the Crimep. 17
General Treatment of Impressionsp. 24
Photography of Footwear Impressionsp. 27
General Crime Scene Photographyp. 27
Examination Quality Photographyp. 30
Checklist for Examination Quality Photographyp. 57
Casting Three-Dimensional Footwear Impressionsp. 59
Introduction to Castingp. 59
Casting Materialsp. 65
Methods of Casting with Dental Stonep. 72
After the Cast is Pouredp. 81
Casting Footwear Impressions in Snowp. 84
The Importance of Casting all Three-Dimensional Impressionsp. 96
Treatment of Two-Dimensional Footwear Impressionsp. 99
Lifting Two-Dimensional Footwear Impressionsp. 99
Lifting Impressions Electrostaticallyp. 102
Gelatin and Adhesive Liftingp. 116
Other Lifting Materials and Choicesp. 122
Impressions that are Difficult to Liftp. 124
Powdering Impressionsp. 126
Selection of Proper Lifting Materialsp. 126
Deformable Impressionsp. 127
The Enhancement Of Footwear Impressionsp. 135
Specialized Lighting and Forensic Photographic Methodsp. 135
Physical Methodsp. 140
Chemical Enhancementp. 145
Chemical Methods for Enhancement of Residue Impressionsp. 145
Chemical Methods for Enhancement of Footwear Impressions in Bloodp. 160
Sequencing of Enhancement Techniquesp. 174
Three-Dimensional Impression Enhancementp. 175
Use of Computersp. 176
Footwear Sizingp. 179
Shoe Sizing and Shoe Sizing Systemsp. 179
Forensic Considerationsp. 184
Manufacturing Processes of Synthetic Soled Shoesp. 197
The Footwear Industryp. 197
The Molding Processp. 198
Molding Processesp. 210
The Cut Processesp. 237
Recognition of Manufacturing Methodsp. 277
Some Reasons for Shoes of One Size and Design Varyingp. 277
Known Shoes of Suspects and the Preparation of Known Impressionsp. 279
Obtaining the Known Shoes from the Suspectp. 279
Footwear Databasesp. 284
Test Impressions of Known Shoesp. 285
Summaryp. 306
Wear Characteristicsp. 307
Defining Wear Characteristicsp. 307
Factors Influencing the Wear of Shoe Outsolesp. 307
Considerations of Wear Characteristics During Examinationp. 319
Class and Identifying Characteristicsp. 329
Class Characteristicsp. 329
Identifying Characteristicsp. 335
Characteristics Required for Positive Identificationp. 347
Changes in Identifying Characteristics as Shoe Wear Continuesp. 353
Comparison of the Questioned Impression with Known Shoesp. 357
Treatment of the Evidencep. 357
Variation and Distortionp. 362
Examination of the Questioned Impressionp. 365
Resultsp. 372
The Footwear Impression Examiner in Courtp. 375
What Constitutes an Expert Witness?p. 375
What Qualifies a Footwear Impression Examiner as an Expert?p. 375
Pretrial Conferencesp. 377
Presentation of Examination Results in Courtp. 377
Last Minute Examinationsp. 379
Impressions of the Footp. 381
Introductionp. 381
Individuality of the Feetp. 382
Known Standards of the Feetp. 392
The Examination Processp. 397
Case Examplesp. 408
Some Case Applicationsp. 413
St. Croix Homicide Casep. 413
The New York Gap Homicidep. 416
Denver Multiple Homicide Casep. 418
The Naperville Casep. 422
A New York Serial Robbery/Homicide Casep. 425
A South Carolina Homicidep. 427
The Footwear Impression Evidence in the O. J. Simpson Trialp. 431
Referencesp. 459
Glossaryp. 475
Appendixp. 483
Indexp. 487
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780849310454
ISBN-10: 0849310458
Series: Practical Aspects of Criminal and Forensic Investigations
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 528
Published: 17th September 1999
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 26.67 x 19.68  x 3.81
Weight (kg): 1.12
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: New edition