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Food Security Policy in Africa Between Disaster Relief and Structural Adjustment : Reflections on the Conception and Effectiveness of Policies; the case of Tanzania - Gabriele Geier

Food Security Policy in Africa Between Disaster Relief and Structural Adjustment

Reflections on the Conception and Effectiveness of Policies; the case of Tanzania

Paperback Published: 1st March 1995
ISBN: 9780714641836
Number Of Pages: 242

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According to the FAO, one person in three in sub-Saharan Africa suffers from malnutrition, and one in seven is in danger of dying. Most African countries no longer seem capable of ensuring that their people have access to sufficient food. Given the failure of past efforts the objectives of food security policies and their effectiveness have to be reconsidered.
The book shows that the debate on food security policies has changed with the passage of time. The entitlement debate triggered by A. Sen had a major influence on this change. However, the bearing of socio-economic structures on the food security of African households and individual members of households are still not fully recognized.
African societies and economies are characterized by structural heterogeneity and insecurity. Inadequate physical and institutional infrastructure and the absence of market transparency contribute to the underdevelopment of markets. Furthermore, as there is often a pronounced gender division of labour and roles, the African household can hardly be described as homogenous, with common interests as regards the use of household resources. It becomes quite evident that the significance of price policies and cash income have hitherto been overrated and other equally important aspects have been neglected, for example, the importance of the role of women for household food security.
The book argues for an adjustment of one-sided policies by focusing the analysis of food security on the people's scope for action while reducing their vulnerability and thus increasing the certainty of entitlements. Production for the market and cash income is only one element in determining scope for action. Equally important are changes in the subsistence economy, in the bargaining position of individual household members, and in the workload of women.
The analysis is underlined by detailed case studies in Tanzania.

Introduction: The Problem and the Essential Features of the Studyp. 1
Trend in the International Debate on Food Securityp. 7
Food Insecurity as a National Supply Problemp. 8
Food Insecurity as an Access Problemp. 14
Synopsis and Assessment of the International Debatep. 21
Reflections on the Effectiveness of Policies in Relation to Various Aspects of Food Securityp. 27
Reflections on the Theory of Consumption: Links between Income, Demand for Food and Consumptionp. 29
Production for Subsistence and for the Market: the Dual Role of the African Householdp. 42
Conclusions for the Debate on Food Security: Food Insecurity as a Development Problemp. 63
Food Security and Policy Interventions - the Case of Tanzaniap. 73
A Brief Introductionp. 73
The Political and Economic Background to the Formulation of Food Security Policiesp. 76
Food Security Policy in Tanzania since Independencep. 80
Assessment of Tanzania's Food Security Policy and Outlookp. 99
Development of Food Security in a Region Remote from Important Markets: Case Studies in Rukwa Regionp. 102
Subject of the Empirical Analysis and Methodological Approachp. 102
Regional Development since Independence and Basic Structural Features of Rukwa Regionp. 105
Essential Aspects of Household Economicsp. 115
Problems Posed by the Operationalization of Food Security at Household Levelp. 124
Food Security System of "Typical" Home Economiesp. 127
Summary of the Empirical Findingsp. 146
Conclusions for the Conception of Food Security Policies in Sub-Saharan Africap. 150
Essential Findings of the Studyp. 151
Guidelines for the Conception of Food Security Policiesp. 154
Adjustment of One-Sided Policies and Actionsp. 160
Outlook: Need and Prospects for the Reorientation of Food Security Policiesp. 166
Notesp. 173
Annex: 1 Implications of the bargaining effect for household food demandp. 207
Annex: 2 Maps: Tanzaniap. 209
Maps: The villages selectedp. 210
Annex: 3 Data sheet on Tanzaniap. 211
Bibliographyp. 221
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780714641836
ISBN-10: 0714641839
Series: Gdi Book Series
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 242
Published: 1st March 1995
Publisher: F CASS PUBN
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.66 x 15.29  x 1.88
Weight (kg): 0.36
Edition Number: 1