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Food, People and Society : A European Perspective of Consumers' Food Choices - Lynn J. Frewer

Food, People and Society

A European Perspective of Consumers' Food Choices

By: Lynn J. Frewer (Editor), Einar Risvik (Editor), Hendrik N. J. Schifferstein (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 14th August 2001
ISBN: 9783540415213
Number Of Pages: 462

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This book, edited and authored by a group of scientists experienced in European cross-cultural and interdisciplinary research in the field of consumer food perceptions, sensory evaluation, product image and risk research, delivers a unique insight into decision making and food consumption of the European consumer. The volume is essential reading for those involved in product development, market research and consumer science in food and agro industries and academic research. It brings together experts from different disciplines in order to address fundamental issues to do with predicting food choice, consumer behavior and societal trust into quality and safety regulatory systems. The importance of the social and psychological context and the cross-cultural differences and how they influence food choice are also covered in great detail.

Industry Reviews

From the reviews:

"The 25 chapters, edited by a group of scientists ... address the question `Who eats what and why?'. ... It provides a good overview of the basics of food decision making and issues such as food safety. ... a generous amount of information on a variety of subjects related to food choice. The subject index at the end makes it easy to look up topics. ... Anyone interested in a highly readable and diverse book would find Food, People and Society worthwhile." (Elizabeth Goldsmith, Journal of Consumer Marketing, Vol. 20 (2), 2003)

"This book ... by a group of scientists experienced in European cross-cultural and interdisciplinary research in the special fields of consumer perceptions, sensory analysis, product image and risk research, tries to fill the gaps in our knowledge by studying the afore-mentioned processes from multiple perspectives. ... essential for those engaged in product development, market research and consumer science in food and agro industries but also of great interest for students and academics interested in food perception and consumption, policy makers, health educators and nutritionists." (Advances in Food Sciences, Vol. 24 (3), 2002)

"The book delivers a unique insight into decision making and food consumption of the European consumer. The volume is essential reading for those involved in product development, market research and consumer science in food and agro industries and academic research." (Chemische Rundschau, Issue 6, March, 2002)

Introductionp. 3
Development and Acquisition of Food Likes David J. Melap. 9
What do we Mean by "Liking" and "Preference"?p. 9
"Innate" Aspects and Early Acquisition of Likesp. 11
Mere Exposure of More Exposure?p. 13
Mere Exposure?p. 14
Associative Conditioning?p. 14
Liking, Desire and Boredomp. 16
Short-Term Effects on Food Acceptancep. 16
Food Desire, "Boredom" and Monotonyp. 17
Conclusions: HOW do we Acquire Specific Food Likes?p. 19
Referencesp. 19
The Food and I Sensory Perception as Revealed by Multivariate Methodsp. 23
Introductionp. 23
Brief Introduction to Perceptionp. 23
Sensory Sciencep. 24
Descriptive Sensory Analysisp. 26
Sensory Profiling of Whole Meat as an Examplep. 26
Sensory Profiling of Coffee as an Examplep. 27
Affective Sensory Analysisp. 27
The Role of the Productp. 28
Multivariate Analysisp. 30
Consumer Preferencesp. 31
A Strategy for Segmenting Consumers - Segmentation by Taste Preferencep. 31
Apples as an Examplep. 31
Future Perspectivesp. 35
Conclusionsp. 36
Referencesp. 36
Beliefs About Fat Why do we Hold Beliefs About Fat and why and how do we Study these Beliefs?p. 39
Introduction: Beliefs About Foods or Nutrients?p. 39
Why Fat?p. 40
How Concerned are we About Fatp. 41
Investigating Beliefs About Fat in Order to Design Planned Nutrition Education Aimed at Fat Reductionp. 42
Theories that have Been Used to Study Beliefs as Determinants of Fat Intakep. 44
Four Belief Categories Related to Fat Intakep. 46
Health Beliefs and Risk Perceptionp. 47
A Weighing of Pros and Consp. 47
What we Think Others Would Like us to do and what we Think Others Dop. 48
What we Think we can Dop. 48
Are These Beliefs Really Important?p. 49
Environmental Factorsp. 50
Awareness of our Personal Intake of Fatp. 50
Summaryp. 51
Referencesp. 52
Product Packaging and Brandingp. 55
Introductionp. 55
General Packaging Effects on the Expected Sensory Attributesp. 56
Packaging Effects and Labelled Product Perceptionp. 61
Branding Effect on Consumers' Intention to Purchase Vegetable Oilp. 67
Referencesp. 71
Effects of Product Beliefs on Product Perception and Likingp. 73
Introductionp. 73
Expectations in the Sensory Evaluation of Foodsp. 74
Theoriesp. 76
Information Integrationp. 76
Assimilation and Contrastp. 77
Asymmetrical Assimilationp. 81
Processing Affectp. 82
Variations of the Expectancy-Disconfirmation Modelp. 87
Moderating Variablesp. 89
Methodological Issuesp. 90
Conclusionp. 92
Referencesp. 93
Consumers' Quality Perceptionp. 97
Introductionp. 97
The Importance of Qualityp. 97
Quality from a Means-End Perspectivep. 98
Types of Quality Dimensionsp. 99
Quality Expectations, Quality Experience and Physical Product Characteristicsp. 100
Perspectives and Future Researchp. 111
Referencesp. 111
Does Taste Determine Consumption? Understanding the Psychology of Food Choicep. 117
Introductionp. 117
The Impact of Taste on Intakep. 118
Questionnaire Studiesp. 120
Relative Importance of Taste in Questionnaire Studiesp. 121
Influences on Choice Beyond Belief-Based Attitudesp. 123
The Role of Self-Identityp. 123
Moral and Ethical Concernsp. 125
Conclusionsp. 128
Referencesp. 129
Food Choice, Phytochemicals and Cancer Preventionp. 131
Cancer Incidence and Mortalityp. 131
Cancer Rates in Europep. 133
Phytochemicals and Cancer Preventionp. 134
Problems Currently Facing Researchersp. 137
Psycho-Social Determinants of Fruit and Vegetable Consumptionp. 140
Barriers to Eating Fruits and Vegetablesp. 141
How to get "us" to Eat more Fruit and Vegp. 142
Theoretical Modelsp. 143
Individual Levelp. 143
Environmental Levelp. 143
Nutritional Intervention Strategiesp. 143
Interventions to Specifically Increase Fruit and Vegetable Consumptionp. 145
Problems Associated with 5 - a-Day Campaignsp. 146
Why F+V interventions are not workingp. 147
Summaryp. 148
Considerations for the Futurep. 149
Addendump. 150
Referencesp. 150
Private Body Consciousnessp. 155
Private Body Consciousnessp. 155
The Private Body Consciousness Scalep. 156
Application of the Private Body Consciousness Scalep. 157
Conclusionp. 158
Referencesp. 158
Food Neophobia and Variety Seeking - Consumer Fear or Demand for New Food Productsp. 161
Novelty and Variety in Food Choicesp. 161
Food Neophobia and Variety Seeking Tendency as Individual Traitsp. 162
What is Food Neophobiap. 162
What is Variety Seeking Tendencyp. 163
Scales to Measure Food Neophobia and Variety Seeking Tendency in Food Choicesp. 164
Food Neophobia Scale (FNS)p. 164
The VARSEEK-scalep. 166
Stability of the Measurementsp. 166
Relations of Food Neophobia, Variety Seeking and Other Behavioural Tendenciesp. 167
Food Neophobia and Variety Seeking-Opposite Ends of One Dimension or Separate Dimension?p. 167
Factors Influencing Expression of Food Neophobiap. 168
Type of Foodp. 168
Contextual Factors and Mood Influencing Food Neophobiap. 168
Decreasing Neophobiap. 169
Expressing Variety Seeking in Food Choicesp. 170
Sticking with the Familiar or Exploring New Territories-Scheme for Integrating New Foods into Dietp. 171
Referencesp. 173
Convenience-Oriented Shopping: A Model from the Perspective of Consumer Researchp. 177
Introduction and a Descriptive Analysis Model for the Convenience Phenomenonp. 177
Types of Convenience Offersp. 179
Convenience Productsp. 179
Convenience Retail Formatsp. 179
Convenience Servicesp. 180
Fusing of Convenience Products, Retail Formats and Servicesp. 181
Convenience as an Underlying Social Trend In Europep. 181
Factors that Influence Convenience Orientationp. 181
Empirical Findings on Social Determining Factorsp. 182
Convenience-Oriented Purchasing Behaviourp. 185
Synopsis of Approachesp. 185
Gratification Approach as Heuristicsp. 187
Empirical Findingsp. 189
Summary and Outlookp. 193
Systematically with an Overview of the Types of Convenience Offersp. 193
Initial Approaches to Describe the Social Phenomenonp. 194
Analysis of Purchasing Behaviourp. 194
Referencesp. 194
Food Intake and the Elderly - Social Aspectsp. 197
The Ageing Societyp. 197
Food and Culturep. 198
Social Theory and Old Agep. 199
Nutrition and Healthp. 200
Shopping, Cooking and Serving Foodp. 200
Food Intake and Meal Patternsp. 202
Social Aspects on Nutrition and Tastep. 203
Attitudes to Food in Everyday Lifep. 205
Food in Old Age and Genderp. 205
The Futurep. 206
Referencesp. 208
Food-Related Lifestyle: A Segmentation Approach to European Food Consumersp. 211
Cross-European Segmentation and International Food Marketingp. 211
The Food-Related Lifestyle Conceptp. 212
Food-Related Lifestyle Segments in European Countriesp. 215
Food-Related Lifestyle And Food Choicep. 224
Applications in Product Development and Market Communicationp. 226
Future Perspectivesp. 229
Referencesp. 229
Cross-Cultural Differences in Food Choicep. 233
Dietary Patterns in Europep. 233
Factors Influencing Consumers Food Choicep. 234
Attitudes and Beliefs in Food Choice of Europeansp. 243
Conclusionsp. 245
Referencesp. 245
Appropriateness as a Cognitive-Contextual Measure of Food Attitudesp. 247
Introductionp. 247
Description of Procedures for Appropriateness, Item by use Techniquep. 248
Selection of Stimulip. 249
Foodsp. 249
Usesp. 251
Format of the Questionnairep. 252
Selection of Respondentsp. 253
Collection of Non-Appropriateness Datap. 254
Data Collectionp. 254
Analysis of Appropriateness Datap. 255
Use of Principal Component Analysisp. 256
Use of Partial Least Squares Regression (PLSR)p. 262
Analyses with Non-Appropriateness Datap. 264
Conclusionsp. 265
Referencesp. 265
The Origin of the Spices: The Impact of Geographic Product Origin on Consumer Decision Makingp. 267
Introductionp. 267
The Role of Geographic Origin in Consumer Decision Making: A Frameworkp. 268
Cognitive Aspects of Geographic Originp. 270
The Predictive Value of Geographic Originp. 270
Experiential Beliefsp. 271
Inferential Beliefsp. 271
The Confidence Value of Geographic Originp. 273
Affective Aspects of Geographic Originp. 274
Feelings Attached to Geographic Originp. 274
Symbolic and Cultural Meaning of Productsp. 275
Normative Aspects of Geographic Originp. 276
Discussion: Interrelations Between Cognitive, Affective and Normative Aspectsp. 277
Referencesp. 278
Marketing PDO (Products with Denominations of Origin) and PGI (Products with Geographical Identities)p. 281
Introductionp. 281
Importance of Food Origin and its Functionsp. 283
Denominations of Originp. 286
Consumer Attitudes Towards Food Products with Denominationp. 289
Spainp. 291
Germanyp. 292
The Future of PDO/PGI Productsp. 293
Referencesp. 296
Effect of Communication (Advertising or News) on Sales of Commoditiesp. 299
Introductionp. 299
Role of Communication in Consumer Decision-Makingp. 300
Specificity of Generic Advertisingp. 301
Evaluation of Communication Effectsp. 303
Defining Effectivenessp. 304
Data and Measurementp. 305
Modelling Issuesp. 307
Selected Case Study: Beef in Belgiump. 308
Rationale and Research Methodp. 308
Perception of Meat Attributesp. 310
Impact of Communicationp. 310
Conclusions and Research Challengesp. 313
Suggestions for Further Readingp. 313
Referencesp. 314
Food Availability and The European Consumerp. 317
Food Availability?p. 318
Farmgate: Food Production and Trade Within the EUp. 321
Consumption and Regional Cuisinep. 324
Food System: Structural Constraints on Accessp. 326
Food Store: The Dominance of the Supermarketp. 329
Own Label in Europep. 330
European Retail Formatp. 331
Familiy Home: Domestic Constrains on Accessp. 333
Is the Consumer Sovereign?p. 334
Concluding Commentsp. 335
Referencesp. 336
The Economics of Food Choice: Is Price Important?p. 339
Introduction: what do we mean by the Economics of Food Choice?p. 339
Economic Factors-Do They Matter?p. 340
Role of Prices as Determinants of Consumer Behaviour: Price Evaluated from the Point of View of What People Sayp. 340
Price Sensitivityp. 343
Direct Questioning-Purchase Intentionsp. 343
Price Sensitivity Metrep. 343
Evaluation of Trade-Offs Between Factorsp. 345
Role of Price Evaluated from the Point of View of what People dop. 346
Own Price Elasticity Of Demand for Food P347
Exceptions to the Normal Law of Demand-Can an Increase in Price Cause an Increase in the Consumption of a Food Product?p. 349
Reference Pricesp. 350
Cross-Price Effectsp. 351
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540415213
ISBN-10: 3540415211
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 462
Published: 14th August 2001
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 1.89