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Food and Nutritional Supplements : Their Role in Health and Disease :  Their Role in Health and Disease - J.K. Ransley

Food and Nutritional Supplements : Their Role in Health and Disease

Their Role in Health and Disease

By: J.K. Ransley (Editor), Judith K. Donnelly (Editor), N.W. Read (Editor)

Hardcover Published: July 2009
ISBN: 9783540417378
Number Of Pages: 197

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Consumer interest in diet and nutritional supplements is increasing dramatically. Patients and members of the public are seeking advice from health professionals, nutritionists and food scientists. This book is designed to meet the needs of those professionals who are called upon to advise patients and the general public. It provides also a valuable text for those who are researchers or decision makers in the food and pharmaceutical industries. The text presents a thorough account of this topical subject and enables the reader to appreciate the functions of nutrients in health and common disease states, to understand the current debates over the roles of nutrients and supplements in the diet, and to answer those questions frequently asked by patients and consumers.

Industry Reviews

From the reviews:

"This book is recommended because each of the contributors has provided a concise but comprehensive coverage of the latest developments in our understanding of nutrition in relation to food and nutritional supplements. Therefore, an informed view has been created by the editors as a basis when making decisions about healthy eating or the use of dietary supplements." (Advances in Food Science, Vol. 24 (3), 2002)

"The purpose of this book is to examine the phenomenon of self medication with nutritional supplements from both a biological and psychological perspective. ... This book is designed to meet the needs of those professionals who are called upon to advise patients and the general public. It also provides a valuable text for those who are researchers or decision makers in the food and pharmaceutical industries." (Food Trade Review, Vol. 72, February, 2002)

The Rise and Rise of Food and Nutritional Supplements - an Overview of the Marketp. 1
Introductionp. 1
The Productsp. 1
p. 2
Cod Liver Oilp. 2
Multivitaminsp. 3
Single Vitaminsp. 3
Evening Primrose Oilp. 3
Mineralsp. 4
Garlic Productsp. 4
Functional Foodsp. 4
Growth Across Western Europep. 5
Who Manufactures Vitamin, Mineral and Dietary Supplements?p. 6
Retail Distribution of Vitamins, Minerals and Dietary Supplementsp. 6
What is Driving the Growth in this Market?p. 7
Age and Lifestyle Trends Spin the Marketp. 8
The Trend Towards Self-Medicationp. 9
Concerns About Illness Drive Demandp. 9
Changes in the Pharmacyp. 10
p. 10
Do Supplement Users Need to Take Supplements?p. 11
Regulating the Marketp. 12
The Future for Vitamins, Minerals and Dietary Supplementsp. 14
Conclusionp. 15
Referencesp. 15
Why do Health Professionals Need to Know More About Nutrition?p. 17
Introductionp. 17
The Implication of Diet in Diseasep. 17
Our Hunger for Knowledgep. 18
p. 19
Nutrition: the Orphan Disciplinep. 21
What are the Obstacles to Giving Nutrition Advice?p. 22
The Updated Role of Health Professionals: a New Approachp. 23
Tailored Dietary Advicep. 23
Different People, Different Dietary Needsp. 24
p. 25
The Impact of Diet in Health Economicsp. 25
Conclusionp. 26
Referencesp. 27
Nutrient Requirements in Health and Diseasep. 29
Introductionp. 29
What Nutrients are Needed, and How Much?p. 29
Dietary Reference Valuesp. 30
Meeting the Targetsp. 30
Pregnancy and Lactation - Life-Long Health Implications ofNutritionp. 32
The Weaning Processp. 35
Childhoodp. 36
Younger Schoolchildrenp. 38
Adolescencep. 38
Adulthoodp. 39
Older Yearsp. 40
p. 42
p. 43
Placebo and Panacea:The Healing Effect of Nutritional Supplementsp. 45
Why Do So Many People Feel Unwellp. 47
The Placebo or Healing Effectp. 51
p. 56
Nutritional Supplements as Placebosp. 57
The Ethics of Prescribing or Marketing Placebos as Nutritional Supplementsp. 59
Referencesp. 62
Antioxidants, Nutrition and Healthp. 65
Introductionp. 65
Involvement of Free Radicals in Degenerative Disease and Modulation by Antioxidantsp. 65
p. 66
Cardiovascular Disease Aetiologyp. 68
Reduction of Disease Risk by Antioxidant Nutrientsp. 70
Cancerp. 70
Cardiovascular Diseasep. 73
Referencesp. 77
Nutritional and Non-Nutritional Uses of Vitamin B6p. 81
Introductionp. 81
Metabolism and Metabolic Functions of Vitamin B6p. 82
p. 84
Potential Benefits of Higher Levels of Intake: Homocysteine Metabolismp. 85
Pharmacological Uses of Vitamin B6p. 86
Side-Effects of Oral Contraceptivesp. 88
Impaired Glucose Tolerance and Diabetes Mellitusp. 89
p. 90
The Premenstrual Syndromep. 91
Morning Sicknessp. 92
Carpal Tunnel Syndromep. 92
Hypertensionp. 93
Drug Interactions with Vitamin B6p. 94
Toxicity of Vitamin B6p. 95
Referencesp. 96
Folic Acid and Disease Prevention: A Long Day's Journey Into Lightp. 101
Introductionp. 101
Folate Prevention of Neural Tube Defectsp. 101
p. 104
Folate, Homocysteine and Occlusive Vascular Diseasep. 104
Folate Requirements and Provisionp. 105
Changed Dietp. 106
Supplementsp. 106
Food Fortificationp. 107
Conclusionsp. 108
Referencesp. 108
The Addition of Micronutrients to Foodp. 111
Introductionp. 111
The Historical Backgroundp. 111
p. 113
The Rationale for the Addition of Nutrients to Foodp. 114
Policy Considerationsp. 114
Legislative Aspects of Micronutrients Addition to Foodp. 116
The Efficacy of the Addition of Micronutrients to Foodp. 117
Referencesp. 118
Probiotics and Prebiotics in Healthp. 119
Introductionp. 119
Probiotic Bacteria in Human Health: An Overviewp. 120
Introductionp. 120
Probiotics and Dietary Modulationp. 120
p. 122
Selection of Probiotic Strainsp. 123
Conclusionp. 127
p. 128
Introductionp. 128
The Prebioticsp. 128
Malabsorption of the Non-Digestible Oligosaccharidesp. 130
Fermentation in the Large Bowel: The Prebiotic Effectp. 131
Physiological Effects in the Gastro-Intestinal Tractp. 132
Prebiotics and the Risk of Colon Cancerp. 133
Conclusion: Prebiotics, What Benefit(s) for Human Health?p. 134
Conclusionsp. 135
Referencesp. 136
Phytoestrogens and Healthp. 141
Introductionp. 141
Phytoestrogens - What are They and Where do we Find Them?p. 141
Isoflavonesp. 142
p. 143
Lignansp. 143
Dietary Intakep. 143
Baby Foodsp. 144
Key Pointsp. 145
p. 146
p. 146
Phytoestrogens May Reduce Blood Cholesterol Levelsp. 146
Other Possible Effects of Phytoestrogens on CHD Riskp. 147
Key Pointsp. 147
Cancerp. 147
General Effects of Phytoestrogensp. 147
Breast Cancerp. 148
p. 149
Other Cancersp. 149
Key Pointsp. 150
Osteoporosisp. 150
Key pointsp. 151
Menopausal Symptomsp. 151
Key Pointsp. 152
Potential Adverse Effectsp. 152
Conclusions and Recommendationsp. 153
Referencesp. 153
Dietary Supplements and their Role in the Prevention and Treatment of Coronary Heart Diseasep. 157
Introductionp. 157
Evidencep. 158
p. 159
The Diet Trialsp. 160
Fishp. 161
Nutsp. 162
p. 163
Homocysteinep. 164
Antioxidantsp. 165
Vitamin Cp. 166
ß-carotenep. 166
Vitamin Ep. 167
Alcoholp. 169
Plant Sterols and Stanolsp. 169
Conclusionp. 170
Referencesp. 171
The Scientific Basis for Fish Oil Supplementation in Rheumatoid Arthritisp. 175
Introductionp. 175
Fatty Acids in the Human Dietp. 175
p. 180
What is the Immune System and How Does it Work?p. 180
Communication Within the Immune System: Cytokinesp. 182
Inflammationp. 183
Integration of the Immune Responsep. 185
The Immune System in Health and Diseasep. 186
Rheumatoid Arthritisp. 187
Eicosanoids: The Link Between Fatty Acids and the Immune Systemp. 188
.2p. 188
Roles for Eicosanoids in Inflammation and Immunityp. 189
p. 189
Fish Oil and Eicosanoidsp. 190
Effects of Fish Oil on Immune Functionp. 190
Fish Oil Intervention in Rheumatoid Arthritisp. 192
Conclusions and Commentsp. 194
Referencesp. 195
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540417378
ISBN-10: 3540417370
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 197
Published: July 2009
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.42
Weight (kg): 0.49

Earn 456 Qantas Points
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