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Food Aid After Fifty Years : Recasting its Role - Christopher B. Barrett

Food Aid After Fifty Years

Recasting its Role

Paperback

Published: 23rd June 2005
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The 1954 Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act, effectively began the modern era of food aid. Over the past fifty years the lives of hundreds of millions of people worldwide have been improved. Despite this it remains one of the most misunderstood and controversial instruments of contemporary international policy. br br i Food Aid After Fifty Years /i explores the motivations and modalities of food aid and examines issues which impinge on its effectiveness. The book utilizes analytical and empirical accounts of food aid to resolve key misunderstandings and explore long standing myths. An alternative strategy is presented for recasting food aid, making it more effective in alleviating poverty, hunger and vulnerability. br br i Food Aid After Fifty Years /i provides a clear, comprehensive and current explanation of a wide range of issues surrounding food aid and its policy and operations and will prove vital to students of Development Economics and Development Studies and those working in the field.

List of illustrationsp. ix
Forewordp. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
List of abbreviationsp. xv
Introductionp. 1
The basics of food aidp. 5
Modest flows intended to make a big difference at the marginp. 6
The players in the food aid gamep. 10
Food aid distribution modalities and channelsp. 13
Conclusionp. 17
Donor-oriented food aid: the United States of Americap. 18
US food aid programsp. 20
American farm policy and food aidp. 26
American food aid is primarily about feeding the hungryp. 35
Food aid is an effective form of support for American farmersp. 37
Food aid and American development assistance policyp. 37
American food aid is no longer driven by short-term self-interestp. 50
Multilateral and other bilateral donorsp. 51
Canadap. 51
Europep. 55
Other bilateral donorsp. 60
Multilateral food aidp. 61
Conclusionp. 66
International regulatory mechanisms and trade disputesp. 68
International regulatory mechanismsp. 68
Food aid is wholly additionalp. 71
Food aid and commerical food tradep. 71
Food aid builds long-term commercial export markets for donorsp. 81
Genetically modified foodsp. 82
Conclusionp. 85
So who benefits? The "iron triangle"p. 87
Domestic producers and processorsp. 88
Maritime interestsp. 93
Cargo preference laws ensure the viability of the US maritime industryp. 97
Nongovernmental organizationsp. 98
Nongovernmental organizations are a progressive force in food aidp. 104
Conclusionp. 105
Edging towards a recipient-oriented food aid systemp. 107
Changing views of food insecurity: from Malthus to Senp. 108
A rights-based perspective to livelihoods approachesp. 111
Implications of rights-based approaches: standards and codes of conductp. 114
Poverty traps and relief trapsp. 118
Conclusionp. 119
The uses of food aid to address food insecurityp. 122
Acute humanitarian emergenciesp. 123
Safety nets for vulnerability reduction and asset protectionp. 124
Food aid for developmentp. 128
Monetizationp. 133
Conclusionp. 138
The management of food aid in addressing food insecurityp. 139
Targetingp. 139
Food aid reliably reaches hungry people and only hungry peoplep. 143
Food aid reliably arrives when it is neededp. 152
Information systems and sourcesp. 156
Procurement, supply chain management, and reservesp. 158
Food availability shocks covary across countries within a regionp. 164
A dollar spent on food aid is a dollar consumed by hungry peoplep. 169
Conclusionp. 174
Consequences of poor food aid managementp. 176
Humanitarian impacts: nutrition and healthp. 176
Distortions, disincentives, and dependencyp. 179
Food aid creates dependencyp. 180
Food aid necessarily hurts recipient country producer incentivesp. 189
Conclusionp. 192
Recasting food aid's role: the general strategyp. 194
A strategy for reducing poverty, food insecurity, and undernutritionp. 195
The roles of food aid in an overall food security strategyp. 198
The roles of the main food aid actorsp. 216
Conclusionp. 223
Recasting food aid's role: the particulars and the politicsp. 225
International policy changes neededp. 226
Negotiate a new Global Food Aid Compact to replace the Food Aid Conventionp. 226
Restore real global development assistance flowsp. 230
United States policy changes neededp. 231
Negotiate reductions in outdated forms of food aidp. 232
Focus on quicker and more flexible emergency responsep. 233
Eliminate unnecessary bureaucratic duplicationp. 235
Within current budgets, adapt the resource to fit the applicationp. 236
Other bilateral donor policy changes neededp. 238
Recipient country government and community policy changes neededp. 239
Operational agency policy and programming changes neededp. 240
Improve the targeting of food aidp. 240
Use food aid only where it is appropriatep. 241
Getting there from here: the politics of reformp. 242
Convincing the NGOsp. 243
Conclusionp. 252
Glossaryp. 254
Notesp. 259
Bibliographyp. 285
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415701259
ISBN-10: 0415701252
Series: Priorities for Development Economics
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 314
Published: 23rd June 2005
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.57 x 16.05  x 1.83
Weight (kg): 0.52
Edition Number: 1