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Fluoroelastomers Handbook : The Definitive User's Guide and Databook :  The Definitive User's Guide and Databook - Jiri George Drobny

Fluoroelastomers Handbook : The Definitive User's Guide and Databook

The Definitive User's Guide and Databook

Hardcover

Published: January 2006
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Fluoroelastomers Handbook: The Definitive User's Guide and Databook is a comprehensive reference on fluoroelastomer chemistry, processing technology, and applications. This is a must-have reference for materials scientists and engineers in the automotive, aerospace, chemical, chemical process, and power generation industries. Fluoroelastomers meet rigorous performance requirements in harsh environments, enhancing reliability, safety, and environmental friendliness. Fluoroelastomers are growing as products of choice for critical components such as O-rings, hoses, and seals in hostile fluid and temperature conditions. The first part of this book is an overview of fluorocarbon elastomers, including descriptions of the nature of fluoroelastomers, properties of various compositions, developmental history, and major uses. The second part provides more details of fluoroelastomer technology, including monomer properties and synthesis, polymerization and production processes, cure systems, and processing methods. The third and last part covers fluid resistance of various fluoroelastomer families, major applications of fluoroelastomers, and safety and disposal.

"An essential purchase, the handbook is excellent and sure to excite discussion whenever chemistry and physics of fluoroelastomers and technology are discussed." - Current Engineering Practice, Vol. 46, 2006

Series Editor's Prefacep. ix
Prefacep. xi
Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Fluoroelastomers Overview
Fundamentalsp. 3
Introductionp. 3
Scope: Fluorocarbon Elastomersp. 4
Nature of Fluoroelastomersp. 5
Fundamental Propertiesp. 6
VDF Copolymersp. 6
TFE/Olefin Copolymersp. 6
Perfluoroelastomersp. 6
Other Compositionsp. 6
Developmental History: Compositions, Cure Technologyp. 7
Major Uses of Fluoroelastomersp. 9
Producers of Fluoroelastomersp. 11
Referencesp. 12
Fluoroelastomer Composition and Properties
Major Families of Fluorocarbon Elastomersp. 13
VDF/HFP/(TFE) Elastomersp. 15
VDF/PMVE/TFE Elastomersp. 17
TFE/PMVE Perfluoroelastomersp. 17
TFE/P Elastomersp. 19
E/TFE/PMVE Elastomersp. 20
Referencesp. 22
Fluoroelastomers Technology
Fluoroelastomer Monomersp. 25
Introductionp. 25
Vinylidene Fluoride (VDF)p. 25
VDF Propertiesp. 25
VDF Synthesisp. 26
Tetrafluoroethylene (TFE)p. 26
TFE Propertiesp. 27
TFE Synthesisp. 27
Hexafluoropropylene (HFP)p. 29
HFP Propertiesp. 29
HFP Synthesisp. 29
Perfluoro(methyl vinyl ether) (PMVE)p. 31
PMVE Propertiesp. 31
PMVE Synthesisp. 31
Olefins: Ethylene and Propylenep. 32
Cure-site Monomersp. 32
Types of Cure-site Monomersp. 32
Halogenated Vinyl Monomersp. 32
Functional Vinyl Ethersp. 33
Safety Aspects of Monomer Handlingp. 33
Toxicity Considerationsp. 33
Flammabilityp. 34
Explosivityp. 34
Referencesp. 35
Production of Fluoroelastomersp. 37
Introductionp. 37
General Process Descriptionp. 37
Free Radical Copolymerizationp. 38
General Reaction Schemep. 38
Copolymer Composition Relationshipsp. 39
Monomer Reactivity Ratiosp. 40
Emulsion Polymerizationp. 41
Emulsion Polymerization Kineticsp. 42
Continuous Emulsion Polymerizationp. 49
Semibatch Emulsion Polymerizationp. 53
Suspension Polymerizationp. 59
Polymer Compositionsp. 61
Polymerization Mechanism and Kineticsp. 61
Reactor Design and Operationp. 63
Polymerization Controlp. 63
Process Conditions and Polymer Characteristicsp. 65
Molecular Weight Distributionp. 65
End Groupsp. 68
Composition and Monomer Sequence Distributionsp. 68
Monomer Recoveryp. 71
Isolationp. 71
Process Safetyp. 73
Commercial Process Descriptionsp. 74
Referencesp. 75
Cure Systems for Fluoroelastomersp. 77
Introductionp. 77
VDF/HFP/(TFE) Copolymers: Diamine, Bisphenol, Peroxidep. 77
Diamine Curep. 77
Bisphenol Curep. 78
Peroxide Curep. 83
VDF/PMVE/TFE Elastomers: Peroxide (Bisphenol)p. 89
Perfluoroelastomers-Various Systemsp. 93
TFE/Propylene Elastomers: Peroxide, Bisphenolp. 95
Ethylene/TFE/PMVE Elastomers: Peroxide, Bisphenolp. 99
Referencesp. 101
Processing of Fluoroelastomersp. 103
Introductionp. 103
Mixingp. 103
Compounding Ingredientsp. 103
Mill Mixingp. 103
Internal Mixersp. 105
Extrusionp. 106
Moldingp. 110
General Considerationsp. 110
Compression Moldingp. 111
Transfer Moldingp. 112
Injection Moldingp. 113
Calenderingp. 117
Other Processing Methodsp. 119
Latexp. 119
Thermoplastic Elastomersp. 119
Referencesp. 122
Environmental Resistance and Applications of Fluoroelastomers
Fluid Resistance of VDF-Containing Fluoroelastomersp. 125
Introductionp. 125
Fluid Resistance Datap. 125
Discussion of Resultsp. 125
Fluid Service Recommendationsp. 126
Referencesp. 193
Fluid and Heat Resistance of Perfluoroelastomersp. 195
Introductionp. 195
Fluid Resistance Datap. 195
Heat Resistance Datap. 195
Resistance to Special Environmentsp. 196
Major Applicationsp. 196
Referencesp. 226
Fluid Resistance of TFE-Olefin Fluoroelastomersp. 227
Introductionp. 227
Fluid Resistance of TFE/Propylene Elastomersp. 227
TFE/P Dipolymerp. 227
TFE/P/VDF Terpolymersp. 233
TFE/P/TFP Terpolymersp. 234
Service Recommendationsp. 236
Fluid Resistance of Ethylene/TFE/PMVE Elastomerp. 236
Fluid Resistance Datap. 237
Resistance to Oil Field Environmentsp. 237
Cure System Effectsp. 237
Service Recommendationsp. 237
Referencesp. 239
Fluoroelastomer Applicationsp. 241
Introductionp. 241
Major End Usesp. 241
Fabrication Methodsp. 241
Compounds for O-Rings and Molded Goodsp. 243
O-Ringsp. 243
Specificationsp. 243
Compression Set Measurementp. 243
VDF/HFP Dipolymer Compoundsp. 245
VDF/HFP/TFE Compoundsp. 253
VDF/PMVE/TFE Compoundsp. 259
Seal Design Considerationsp. 260
Additional Fluoroelastomer Molding Compoundsp. 260
Referencesp. 277
Compounds for Auto Fuel Systemsp. 279
Introductionp. 279
Fuel Line Veneerp. 280
Fuel Tank Componentsp. 287
Fuel Injector Sealsp. 288
Development Trendsp. 289
Referencesp. 290
Compounds for Auto Power Train Servicep. 291
Introductionp. 291
Oil Seal Requirementsp. 291
Compounds for Oil Sealsp. 294
FKM Elastomersp. 294
FEPM Elastomersp. 295
Compounds for Transmission Sealsp. 296
Referencesp. 298
Compounds for Power Plant Servicep. 299
Introductionp. 299
Flue Duct Expansion Jointsp. 299
High-Fluorine Terpolymersp. 299
Referencesp. 302
Other Fluoroelastomer Applications and Processingp. 303
Introductionp. 303
Latex and Coatingsp. 303
Thermoplastic Processingp. 303
Fluoroelastomer Caulksp. 304
Processing Aids for Hydrocarbon Plasticsp. 304
Referencesp. 305
Fluoroelastomer Safety and Disposalp. 307
Introductionp. 307
Safety in Productionp. 307
Safety in Applicationsp. 308
Disposalp. 308
Referencesp. 309
PDL Ratingsp. 311
Glossaryp. 313
Trademarksp. 347
Indexp. 349
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780815515173
ISBN-10: 0815515170
Series: PDL Handbook
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 359
Published: January 2006
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 28.5 x 21.74  x 2.82
Weight (kg): 1.27