This book is about the ways in which two western European countries attempt to cope with the changing demands of urban development. In particular, it is con- cerned with the differences in approach of the Dutch and English planning systems and the contrasting ways in which they are used to guide, promote and control development. The book results from a research study in which members of staff at Delft of Technology and Oxford Polytechnic compared local planning and University development in the Netherlands and England. The aim was to investigate ways in which development was promoted and controlled under different planning systems. The research was subsequently developed along two converging lines. One was an examination of over twenty case studies of plan making and the con- trol of development in the cities of Leiden and Oxford. The other was a study of the two planning systems and the ways in which the respective approaches to planning were seen to relate closely to the contrasting legal and administrative systems and differences in development practice.
The convergence of the two lines of enquiry produced a tension between empirical observations and theoretical supposition which led to a fruitful development of ideas about the nature of the two planning systems and how they promote and control develop- ment.
I. Local Government, Planning and Development in The Netherlands and England.- 1. The context of local Government and planning.- Political Culture.- Legal and constitutional systems.- The system of government and administration.- Local government finance.- Notes.- References.- 2. Planning and land-use control.- The evolution of planning and land-use controls.- The present planning systems.- Making local plans.- Planning and building control.- Appeals.- Enforcement.- Summary of comparison.- Notes.- References.- 3. Aspects of the development process.- Development pressures and changing patterns of development.- Local authorities and the development process.- A note on the development orientation of Dutch and English local authorities.- Notes.- References.- II. Local Planning in Leiden and Oxford: The Case Studies.- 4. An historical survey of local planning in Leiden and Oxford.- The two towns compared.- Planning and development before the Second World War.- Planning in the post-war period.- The role of plans in Leiden and Oxford: a summary of important points of comparison.- Notes.- References.- 5. The Leiden case studies.- The Expansion Schemes.- Planning in the inner town.- Notes.- References.- 6. The Oxford case studies.- Formal and informal plans.- Local authority projects.- The operation of development control.- Notes.- References.- III. Conclusions.- References.- 7. Planning responses to development in the Netherlands and England.- General features of development and planning.- Notes.- References.- 8. Local planning in the Netherlands.- Problems of Dutch local planning.- Responses.- References.- 9. Local planning in England.- Problems of English local planning.- Notes.- References.- 10. A comparative analysis of local planning in the Netherlands and England.- Dutch local planning more positive and development orientated than English local planning.- English local planning more flexible.- Dutch local planning mainly concerned with town extension.- Different approaches to safeguards for third parties.- Theoretical conclusions.- Dealing with complexity: suggestions.- Notes.- References.- 11. Recommendations for Dutch and English practice.- Commitment planning.- The planning of planning.- Recommendations for Dutch practice.- Recommendations for English practice.- Planning education.- Notes.- References.- Postscript Avenues for further comparative research.- Notes.- References.- Glossary of Dutch words.
Number Of Pages: 269
Published: 31st December 1982
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5
Weight (kg): 1.31