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Field Guide to Appropriate Technology - Christopher Bull

Field Guide to Appropriate Technology

Hardcover Published: 1st April 2003
ISBN: 9780123351852
Number Of Pages: 874

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This book is an all-in-one "hands-on guide" for nontechnical and technical people working in less developed communities. It has been developed and designed with a prestigious team of authors, each of whom has worked extensively in developing societies throughout the world.
This field guide includes:
- Step-by-step instructions and illustrations showing how to build and maintain a vast array of appropriate technology systems and devices
- Unique coverage on healthcare, basic business and project management, principles of design, promotion, scheduling, training, microlending, and more
Teachers, doctors, construction workers, forest and agricultural specialists, scientists and healthcare workers, and religious and government representatives will find this book a first source for advice.
* Step-by-step instructions and illustrations showing how to build and maintain a vast array of appropriate technology systems and devices
* Unique coverage on healthcare, basic business and project management, principles of design, promotion, scheduling, training, microlending, and more
* Teachers, doctors, construction workers, forest and agricultural specialists, scientists and healthcare workers, and religious and government representatives will find this book a first source for advice.

Contributors
Acknowledgments
Overview
Introduction to Bookp. 1
Culture and the Transfer of Technologyp. 2
Design Philosophies for Appropriate Technologyp. 7
Being a Volunteer Overseasp. 12
Planning and Implementation
Development Project Managementp. 18
The New Participation: A Viable Approach for Sustainable Development Planning and Actionp. 29
Prelude to Participatory Management and Evaluation of Project on Conjunctive Water Usep. 35
Social Assessment and Stakeholder Participationp. 39
The Human Side of Changep. 47
Gender and Technology in the Fieldp. 51
Managing a Small Businessp. 65
Operationsp. 71
Purchasing Policy and Proceduresp. 81
Marketingp. 85
Financial Viability and Cash Flow Statementp. 88
Costingp. 91
Discounted Cash Flowp. 94
Capital Recovery Factorp. 101
Microfinancep. 103
Planningp. 111
Project Selectionp. 114
Value Chainp. 122
Project Evaluationp. 123
How to Evaluatep. 125
Management of Projectsp. 129
Design and Construction of Oversight Programp. 133
Responsibility for Getting the Job Done Properlyp. 135
Emergency Response Programp. 135
Disaster Reliefp. 137
Exit Strategyp. 139
Trainingp. 140
Thinking and Learning Together: Facilitating Educational Changep. 141
Grant Writingp. 144
Fundraisingp. 145
A Social Service Organization in Boliviap. 150
A Summer Internship in Guatemalap. 154
Energy
Energy Planningp. 158
Basics of Electricityp. 160
Hydropowerp. 170
Wind Powerp. 181
Photovoltaicsp. 192
Introduction to Physics of Semiconductorsp. 197
Cook Stovesp. 203
Solar Cookersp. 207
Solar Oven Construction Manualp. 208
Solar Heatingp. 225
An Evaporative Coolerp. 257
Methane Digestersp. 259
Charcoal Productionp. 266
Fuel Cellsp. 267
Batteriesp. 270
Alcohol as a Fuelp. 272
Tidal Powerp. 274
Food
Introduction to the Food Chapterp. 277
Agricultural Machineryp. 277
Hydroponics, Rooftop, and Related Gardensp. 282
Urban Gardensp. 284
Sustainable Agriculturep. 288
Hammer Mill of the ELC CARp. 291
Oil Pressp. 294
Vegetable Gardeningp. 297
Intensive Gardeningp. 303
Soil Fertility and Fertilizer Usep. 304
Amaranth: Grain And Vegetable Typesp. 314
Cassava Productionp. 318
Cereal Crop Productionp. 322
Coconut Productionp. 340
Growing Fruit Under Marginal Conditionsp. 344
Growing Ricep. 348
Rice Paddy: Harvesting, Threshing, Cleaning, and Handlingp. 355
Shiitake Mushroomsp. 361
Agroforestry Principlesp. 365
Aquaculturep. 372
Beekeepingp. 417
Raising Cattlep. 420
Raising Chickensp. 429
Raising Ducksp. 436
Ostrich Productionp. 442
Raising Pigsp. 444
Raising Rabbitsp. 451
Raising Sheep and Goatsp. 461
Nutritionp. 471
Health
Health Overviewp. 481
Words to the Village Health Workerp. 483
Community Health Workersp. 487
Health Care Delivery Systemp. 491
Culture, Health, and the Environmentp. 493
Tropical Rural Health Care: Pharmaceuticals Versus Medicinal Plantsp. 495
Traditional Health Practitionersp. 500
The Traditional Medical Practitioner in Zimbabwep. 502
Medicinal Plantsp. 507
Water and Healthp. 509
Constructing a Small Rural Clinicp. 513
Diarrheap. 517
Malaria: Resurgence of a Deadly Diseasep. 522
Palliative Care for AIDS Patientsp. 524
Exposure to Indoor Air Pollution From Biofuel Stoves in Rural Kenyap. 527
Dental Health Carep. 529
Third World Health Care Needs: A Perspective From a Small Town in Guatemalap. 535
Health Guidelines for Travelersp. 544
Construction
Buildingp. 545
Building with Arches, Vaults, and Cupolasp. 557
Cob Structuresp. 563
Straw-Bale Constructionp. 566
Soil Stabilized Bricksp. 574
Micro-Concrete Roofing Tile Productionp. 580
Thatchp. 586
Gypsump. 590
Bamboo-Reinforced Concretep. 594
Nonpoisonous Timber Protectionp. 598
Dry Stone Walling: Applications and Techniquesp. 602
Transportation
Transportationp. 609
Rickshaws and Bicyclesp. 610
Bicyclesp. 612
Using Oxen for Farm Work and Transportationp. 615
Pack Animalsp. 621
Low-Cost Transport Devicep. 623
A Wheel-Manufacturing Technology for Rural Workshopsp. 630
Boatsp. 634
Earth Road Constructionp. 644
Small-Scale Bridgesp. 648
Emergency River Crossings: Culverts, Fords, and Driftsp. 653
Ropeways in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas: Helping to Solve the Problemsp. 661
Household Technologies
Household Technologiesp. 665
Spinning and Weavingp. 667
Dyeingp. 676
Treadle Sewing Machinesp. 677
Silk Productionp. 683
Soap Manufacturingp. 684
Candlesp. 688
Chalkp. 694
Potteryp. 695
Basketryp. 699
Making Articles from Waste Paperp. 703
Making Ropep. 707
Recycling and Reusing Rubberp. 713
Paint Productionp. 719
Small-Scale Papermakingp. 720
Plant Dyesp. 726
Water Supply
Water Supplyp. 731
Water Harvesting and Spreading for Conjunctive Use of Water Resourcesp. 739
Rainwater Collectionp. 744
Saving and Reusing Waterp. 750
Wells: Hand Dug and Hand Drilledp. 752
Solar Stillsp. 760
Filtration and Disinfectionp. 760
Sanitationp. 769
Latrinesp. 774
Composting Toiletsp. 792
Water Pumpsp. 796
Hydraulic Ramp. 802
Irrigationp. 803
Tools
Thinking About Toolsp. 811
Safetyp. 812
Basic Hand Toolsp. 813
Sharpening Toolsp. 819
Basic Technical Mathp. 824
Machine Toolsp. 828
Blacksmithingp. 831
Folding Machine for Sheet Metal Workp. 842
Wire Fence-Making Machinep. 843
Other Technologies
Other Technologiesp. 847
Telecommunication Services in Rural Development Centersp. 848
Land Minesp. 853
Land Mine Detectionp. 855
Miningp. 859
Indexp. 863
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780123351852
ISBN-10: 0123351855
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 874
Published: 1st April 2003
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishing Co Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.8  x 3.15
Weight (kg): 1.35