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Fiber Network Service Survivability : Telecommunications Library - Tsong-Ho Wu

Fiber Network Service Survivability

Telecommunications Library

Hardcover

Published: 19th December 1992
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This book examines the architectures, technologies, and design methods that make it possible to achieve a survivable fiber network, both practically and economically. Combining theory and actual results, it explores alternative methods and presents analytical and computational optimization approaches.

Prefacep. xv
Acknowledgmentsp. xvii
About the Authorp. xix
Introductionp. 1
Overviewp. 1
Advantages of Using Fiber-Optic Networksp. 2
Present IntraLATA Fiber Network Architecturesp. 3
The Importance of Considering Survivabilityp. 6
Service Survivability Planningp. 7
Self-Healing Network Design Conceptsp. 8
Traffic Restorationp. 9
Facility Restorationp. 9
Technology Impacts on Network Survivabilityp. 15
Book Organizationp. 16
Additional Remarksp. 18
Referencesp. 18
Fiber Transport System Components and Signalsp. 21
Optical Path for Fiber Networksp. 21
Fiber-Optic Transmission Systemp. 23
System Componentsp. 23
Optical Span Design (Power Budget Planning)p. 26
Present Digital Signal Hierarchyp. 28
Asynchronous Digital Hierarchyp. 29
Synchronous Transmission (SYNTRAN)p. 33
Synchronous Optical Network (SONET)p. 33
SONET Benefits and Deploymentp. 35
SONET Frame Structure and Hierarchyp. 38
Layered Overhead and Transport Functionsp. 44
SONET Pointers and Multiplexing Methodp. 48
SONET Protection Switching Initiation Criteriap. 50
Terminal and Add-Drop Multiplexers (TMs/ADMs)p. 54
Functional Architecturesp. 54
Applicationsp. 62
Digital Cross-Connect System (DCS)p. 63
Functional Architecturesp. 63
Applications and Capabilitiesp. 70
Summary and Remarksp. 72
Referencesp. 72
Automatic Protection Switching and Dual Homingp. 75
APS Architecturesp. 76
1:N APS Architecturesp. 76
SONET APS Protocolp. 79
1:N APS Diverse Protection Architecture (1:N/DP)p. 83
Dual-Homing Architecturesp. 83
Dual-Homing Conceptp. 83
Dual-Homing Protection for Chain Applicationsp. 84
Cost and Survivability Tradeoff Analysisp. 86
Optical Diverse Protection Architecturesp. 88
1:1 Optical Diverse Protection Architecture (1:1/ODP)p. 88
1:1/ODP with 2[times]2 Optical Switches or WDMsp. 91
Technologies for Implementationp. 94
Economical Merits and Planning Strategyp. 97
System Developmentp. 99
Optical Dual-Homing Architecturesp. 100
Network Architecture and Control Protocolp. 101
Economic Merit of Optical Dual-Homing Architecturesp. 105
Design Requirements and Limitationsp. 108
Nested APS Systemsp. 109
Nested APS System Configurationsp. 109
SONET Nested APS Proposalsp. 111
Summary and Remarksp. 118
Referencesp. 119
SONET Self-Healing Rings (SHRs)p. 123
Motivation for Using SONET Self-Healing Ringsp. 123
Benefits of Using SHRsp. 123
Advantages of Using SONET SHRsp. 126
SONET SHR Architecturesp. 129
Four-Fiber BSHR with Line Protection Switching (BSHR/4)p. 133
Two-Fiber BSHR with Line Protection Switching (BSHR/2)p. 137
Folded USHR Architecture with Line Protection Switching (USHR/L)p. 140
USHR Using Path Selection (USHR/P)p. 141
SONET Ring Architectural Analysisp. 145
Applications: Capital Cost and Capacity Analysisp. 145
SONET Standardsp. 154
Protection Switching Time Requirementp. 155
Operations Analysisp. 156
Summaryp. 158
Passive Protected SONET BSHR/4 Architecturep. 159
Passive Protected Bidirectional Self-Healing Ring Architecture (BSHR4/PPR)p. 162
Implementation Technologies for the Passive Protection Ring of BSHR4/PPRp. 167
Economic Merit of BSHR4/PPRp. 174
General Comparison between BSHR4/PPR and Other BSHRsp. 175
Application of SONET SHR Architectures in Interoffice Networksp. 176
Planning Considerations and Bandwidth Management for SONET SHRsp. 176
SONET SHR Application Feasibility Studiesp. 179
Interconnection of SONET SHRsp. 185
Potential Role for OC-192 Technology in SONET Interoffice Networksp. 188
Multi-Wavelength Passive Interoffice SHR Architecturep. 189
Multi-Wavelength Passive SHR Architecture (SHR/WDM)p. 189
Passive Optical Technologies for Implementationsp. 192
Comparison between SONET SHR and Multi-Wavelength Passive SHRp. 194
Broadband Broadcast SONET SHR Architecturep. 195
Radio System Applications Using SONET SHR Architecturesp. 200
SONET/Radio SHR Architecturesp. 201
Radio Span Design for SONET SHR/Radiop. 202
Summary and Remarksp. 205
Referencesp. 207
Reconfigurable DCS Networksp. 211
Opportunities and Technologies for Reconfigurable DCS Networksp. 211
Physical and Logical Layer Protectionp. 211
DCS Functional Architecturep. 212
Benefits of SONET DCSsp. 215
Reconfigurable DCS Network Applicationsp. 216
DCS Bandwidth Management Networksp. 218
DCS Self-Healing Networksp. 222
DCS Switched Services vs. Real-Time DS1/DS3 Switched Servicesp. 223
A Class of SONET DCS Self-Healing Networksp. 224
Self-Healing Control Architectures (Centralized vs. Distributed)p. 225
Signal Restoration Level (Path vs. Line Restoration)p. 229
Rerouting Methods (Preplanned vs. Dynamic)p. 231
DCS Self-Healing Network Proposalsp. 232
DCS Self-Healing Network Architecturesp. 233
Architecture Selection Criteriap. 233
DCS Self-Healing Network Design Characterizationp. 233
Centralized DCS Self-Healing Networksp. 235
Distributed DCS Self-Healing Networksp. 236
DCS Network Planningp. 243
DCS Self-Healing Network Planning Considerationsp. 243
Planning ADM Rings and DCS Self-Healing Networksp. 245
Integrated SONET Restoration Systemsp. 248
An Integrated, Hierarchical Network Restoration Modelp. 248
Integrated Restoration Systems with Spare Capacity Sharingp. 249
Summary and Remarksp. 251
Referencesp. 252
Survivable Fiber-Hubbed Network Designp. 255
Survivable Fiber Network Design Conceptsp. 255
The Fiber-Hubbed Network Engineering Conceptp. 256
Survivable Fiber Network Designp. 259
Fiber Network Design Problemp. 260
Problem Formulationp. 260
Fiber Network Survivability Measurementsp. 261
Single-Period Survivable Fiber-Hubbed Network Designp. 263
Demand-Bundling Algorithmsp. 266
Two-Connected Network Topology Designp. 271
Fiber Multiplexing Network Layoutp. 277
Network Design with Quantitative Survivability Constraintp. 282
Multi-Period Capacity Allocation Problemp. 283
Design Problem and Assumptionsp. 283
Multi-Period Span Capacity Assignment Algorithmsp. 284
Summary and Remarksp. 287
Referencesp. 288
Survivable SONET Network Designp. 291
Survivable SONET Network Architecturesp. 291
SONET Physical Layer Network Designp. 293
Multi-Period Architectural Selection and Capacity Assignment Modelp. 294
Design Architecture for STRATEGIC OPTIONSp. 304
Multi-Period Demand-Bundling Algorithmp. 307
Ring Selection Algorithmp. 308
Ring Fiber Routingp. 310
Topology Optimizationp. 315
SONET Logical Layer Network Design Using DCSp. 318
Working Capacity Assignment for DCS Self-Healing Networksp. 319
Spare Capacity Assignment for DCS Self-Healing Networksp. 319
Integrated Self-Healing Network Designp. 322
Summary and Remarksp. 325
Referencesp. 327
Network Survivability in Fiber Loop Networksp. 329
Fiber Loop Network Architecturesp. 329
Double-Star Active RN Loop Architecturep. 333
Double-Star Passive RN Loop Architecturep. 334
Relative Comparisons between Active and Passive RN Implementationsp. 338
Survivability Considerations for Fiber Loop Networksp. 340
SONET SHR Architecture for Active Feeder Transportp. 342
Single-CO Access Ring Architecturep. 344
Dual-CO Access Ring Architecturesp. 345
Economic Merit and Survivability Enhancement for Feeder Networks Using Ringsp. 354
Survivable Passive Optical Loop Network Architecturesp. 357
PON with DP at RN Levelp. 358
Economic Comparison between Point-to-Point Passive and Active Feeder Systemsp. 359
A Passive SHR Architecture for FFTSsp. 362
Summary and Remarksp. 364
Referencesp. 366
ATM Transport Network Architectures and Survivabilityp. 369
Asynchronous Transfer Mode Technology and Layered Modelp. 369
ATM vs. STM Technologyp. 369
ATM Cell Structurep. 371
Switching System Evolutionp. 374
ATM Layered Modelp. 375
Physical Layerp. 377
ATM Layerp. 380
ATM Adaptation Layer (AAL)p. 381
ATM Switched Network Architecturesp. 383
ATM Network Transport Hierarchyp. 383
ATM Cell Switching Architecturesp. 385
ATM Switched Network Architecture Alternativesp. 388
Call Setup and Bandwidth Management for ATM VC-Based Networksp. 389
ATM VP-Based Network Architecturep. 390
VP Assignment Setupp. 392
Virtual Path Capacity Allocation for ATM VP-Based Networksp. 394
VP Applicationsp. 395
ATM Network Survivabilityp. 396
Service Protection Levelp. 396
ATM VP Technology Impact on Network Survivability Designp. 397
Survivable ATM/SONET VP-Based Network Architecturesp. 398
ATM VP-Based Ring Architecturep. 399
VP Applications for ATM VP-Based Ringsp. 399
An ATM VP-Based Ring Architecturep. 400
ATM/DCS Self-Healing Mesh Network Architecturesp. 404
ATM/DCS Systemsp. 405
ATM/DCS vs. SONET DCSp. 408
ATM VP-Based Self-Healing System Design Conceptsp. 410
Hitless Path Switchingp. 412
Integrated ATM VP-Based Control Systemsp. 415
Summary and Remarksp. 415
Referencesp. 416
Maximum Passive Protection Ring Length without Optical Signal Amplificationp. 421
A Method for Evaluating DCS Self-Healing Networks and Self-Healing Ringsp. 423
Review of Disjoint Path Algorithmsp. 431
Demand Routing and Capacity Requirement Computation for Ringsp. 439
Acronymsp. 445
Indexp. 449
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780890064696
ISBN-10: 0890064695
Series: Telecommunications Library
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 484
Published: 19th December 1992
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 3.1
Weight (kg): 0.88