Fertility, Biology, and Behavior: An Analysis of the Proximate Determinants presents the proximate determinants of natural fertility. This book discusses the biological and behavioral dimensions of human fertility that are linked to intermediate fertility variables.
Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the mechanisms through which socioeconomic variables influence fertility. This text then examines the absolute and relative age-specific marital fertility rates of selected populations. Other chapters consider the trends in total fertility rates of selected countries, including Colombia, Kenya, Korea, Indonesia, Mexico, Pakistan, France, and United States. This book discusses as well the effects of deliberate marital fertility control through contraception and induced abortion. The final chapter deals with the management of sex composition and implications for birth spacing.
This book is a valuable resource for reproductive physiologists, social scientists, demographers, statisticians, biologists, and graduate students with an interest in the biological and behavioral control of human fertility.
Preface Acknowledgments 1 Introduction and Overview Terminology The Proximate Determinants Fertility and the Proximate Determinants Variations in Individual Fertility Age-Specific Fertility The Determinants of the Proximate Variables The Organization of This Book References 2 Natural Fertility and Its Proximate Determinants Natural Fertility The Proximate Determinants of Natural Marital Fertility The Effect of the Proximate Determinants on Natural Fertility Summary References 3 Regulated Fertility and Its Proximate Determinants Regulated Fertility Marriage Contraceptive Use Contraceptive Effectiveness Induced Abortion Summary Appendix References 4 An Aggregate Fertility Model The Structure of the Model Direct Estimation of the Fertility Effects of the Proximate Determinants Testing the Validity of the Model The Proximate Determinants of Fertility Levels TF, TN, TM, and TFR Summary Appendix: An Equation for Estimating Cc References 5 Applications of an Aggregate Fertility Model Application 1: The Transition in the Proximate Determinants Application 2: Decomposition of a Change in Fertility Application 3: Socioeconomic Differentials in Marital Fertility Application 4: An Age-Specific Fertility Model Application 5: The Empirical Relationship between Fertility and Contraceptive Prevalence Application 6: Projected Fertility Trends Associated with Changes in Contraceptive Practice Application 7: Contraceptive Prevalence Levels Required to Reach a Fertility Target Summary References 6 A Macrosimulation Model and Applications to Fecundity and Natural Fertility Introduction Reproductive Models REPMOD Validation of the Model Application to Fecundity Natural Fertility Summary References 7 Family-Size Control Introduction Operationalization Subfertility Excess Fertility Some Additional Topics Summary References 8 Birth Spacing Introduction Previous Study Unregulated Birth Spacing Master-Schedule Spacing Serial-Spacing Preferences Evaluating Fecundability Pinpoint Spacing Summary References 9 Sex Preselection Introduction Previous Research An Alternative Approach Assumptions Birth-Trial Probabilities Family Composition without Sex Preselection Sequential Goals Compositional Goals Spacing Consequences Summary References Subject Index