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Faulting in Brittle Rocks : An Introduction to the Mechanics of Tectonic Faults :  An Introduction to the Mechanics of Tectonic Faults - Georg Mandl

Faulting in Brittle Rocks : An Introduction to the Mechanics of Tectonic Faults

An Introduction to the Mechanics of Tectonic Faults

Hardcover Published: February 2000
ISBN: 9783540664369
Number Of Pages: 434

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The book presents an introduction to the mechanical genesis of tectonic faults in the brittle crust of the Earth. In the first chapters mechanical concepts of rock (such as brittleness, stresses in a discontinuum, effective stress, buoyancy, poro-thermo-elasticiy, fracture modes and the corresponding failure and slip conditions) are discussed. The book focuses on the critical re-assessment of Coulomb-Mohr's theory of sliding deformation in rocks. The book concludes with a discourse on similarity and self-similarity of fault structures and a critical examination of the feasibility of scaled model experiments. Mathematical formalism is restricted to a minimum and is replaced, wherever possible, by the extremely useful graphic method of Mohr's stress circle which is introduced in a separate chapter. The book includes illustrative geological and geotechnical examples.

Stress and Strain in Rocks
Mechanical forces and stressesp. 1
Stresses in porous rocksp. 28
Strainsp. 42
The Stress Circle
Derivationp. 60
The 'pole' of the stress circlep. 67
The Brittle Regime
'Brittle' vs 'ductile'p. 71
'Plastic' vs 'viscous' macro-deformationp. 76
Basic failure modesp. 84
Faultsp. 101
The Coulomb - Mohr Theory of Faulting
The critical state of stressp. 113
Coulomb - Mohr's limit conditionp. 120
The orientation of faultsp. 131
The double gliding modelp. 139
Faulting in non-uniform stress fieldsp. 144
Multiple fault setsp. 150
Summary and concluding remarksp. 159
Poro - Thermo - Elasticity of Rocks
Linearly elastic stress-strain relationshipsp. 164
Changes in fluid pressurep. 176
Regional uplifting of sedimentsp. 176
Residual stressesp. 188
Hydraulic fracturesp. 193
Stresses induced by fluid extraction from reservoirsp. 210
Fault Structures
Incipient faulting in layered rocksp. 215
Curvature of faultsp. 232
Antithetic faultsp. 265
The 'bookshelf-type accommodation of 'simple shear'p. 274
The stress paradox of the San Andreas faultp. 293
Slip, Reactivation and Termination of Faults
Displacement variations along faultsp. 298
Stresses in tip regions and termination of faultsp. 305
Oblique slip on planes of weaknessp. 318
Aspects of fault inversionp. 338
Shear joints vs faultsp. 357
Parallel Faults
Parallel faulting accommodating extensionp. 376
Echelon patterns of parallel faultsp. 395
Modelling of Faulting - Scaling Problems
Geometrical similarityp. 407
Dynamical similarity - scaling rulesp. 412
Authorsp. 429
Indexp. 431
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540664369
ISBN-10: 354066436X
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 434
Published: February 2000
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.8

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