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Fascist Italy and the Middle East, 1933-40 - Nir Arielli

Fascist Italy and the Middle East, 1933-40

Hardcover Published: 9th June 2010
ISBN: 9780230231603
Number Of Pages: 257

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Under Mussolini's leadership, Fascist Italy sought to increase its influence in the Middle East. This book examines the motivations behind Italy's policy, the diverse methods it employed and the reasons why Italian efforts ultimately failed. By looking at foreign, colonial, cultural and military policies, "Fascist Italy and the Middle East" provides a new and challenging interpretation of the ambitions and contradictions of Mussolini's Italy. It analyzes the intricate relations between the ideological, political, strategic and religious interests that guided the Fascist regime's dealings with this region and looks at how Italian policies were propagated and received by Middle Eastern societies. It also uncovers for the first time the grandiose plans that were prepared in the summer of 1940 for Fascist territorial expansion in Africa and the Middle East.

"Arielli's monograph is a useful and valuable contribution to the historiography of the Fascist dictatorship. Nonetheless, it also has a clear appeal to any scholar of contemporary international relations in the Middle East and to the general reader in that it provides important insights into the policy and diplomacy of great powers in the Mediterranean area. Finally, in a scholarly landscape dominated by the studies of Emilio Gentile and Roger Griffin and by their interpretation of fascism only in terms of totalitarianism, the empirical approach of Arielli, so concentrated on Italy's pragmatic geopolitical interests, brings us back to ground." - Elisabetta Cassina Wolff, University of Olso, Norway

List of Maps and Tablesp. ix
List of Abbreviationsp. x
Note on Transliterationp. xi
Acknowledgementsp. xii
Introductionp. 1
Continuity and Change: Italy and the Middle East, 1870-1934p. 8
Liberal Italy's interests in the Middle Eastp. 8
Young Mussolini, 'the Arabs' and the Middle Eastp. 16
Middle Eastern policy during the first decade of Fascismp. 19
The rise of the pro-Muslim policyp. 26
Political contacts with Muslim leadersp. 29
Rome as a bridge between East and West: Cultural dimensions and propagandap. 32
Middle Eastern attitudes towards Italy and Fascismp. 37
Conclusionsp. 39
In the Shadow of Ethiopia, 1935-June 1936p. 41
The Anglo-Italian rivalry and the Middle Eastp. 42
Justifying the invasion - Italian propaganda in the Middle Eastp. 45
Egypt and the Italian hiding under the bedp. 52
Odello of Arabiap. 60
Manoeuvring Yemenp. 66
The Palestine dilemmap. 69
Syria, Lebanon and Iraqp. 73
Conclusionsp. 74
The Protector of Islam, June 1936-March 1938p. 76
The European context of Italy's policy in the Middle Eastp. 77
The crystallization of the 'Arab policy' at homep. 79
Construction of military bases and strategic planningp. 82
Arms deals and political penetrationp. 84
The Impero in the service of Italy's image in the Middle Eastp. 92
The propaganda war with Britainp. 100
Reactions: Is the enemy of my enemy my friend?p. 104
Conclusionsp. 107
Italy and the Arab Revolt in Palestine, 1936-9p. 109
The tale of the secret fundp. 110
Enter Musa Alamip. 112
Attempts to supply armsp. 117
The search for Libyan saboteurs and indirect military assistancep. 121
Italy's formal positionp. 123
The flexible propaganda toolp. 127
Arab reactions: Appreciation and scepticismp. 128
Conclusionsp. 130
Unattractive Policies, April 1938-May 1940p. 133
The Easter Accords and their aftermathp. 134
Military planning changes coursep. 141
The ebbing of the pro-Muslim policyp. 144
Antisemitic legislation - race as a factor in foreign policy?p. 150
The conquest of Albaniap. 152
Last peaceful penetration attemptsp. 154
The Middle East chooses sidesp. 158
Conclusionsp. 161
The Optimistic Summer, June-October 1940p. 163
Ciano's attempts to secure territorial guarantees from Hitlerp. 164
Preparing for victory: Plans for a post-war Middle Eastp. 167
The Italian-German-Arab trianglep. 178
The failed Middle-Eastern campaignp. 182
Conclusionsp. 187
Conclusionsp. 189
Notesp. 195
Archival Sources and Bibliographyp. 239
Indexp. 252
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780230231603
ISBN-10: 0230231608
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 257
Published: 9th June 2010
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 14.0  x 2.03
Weight (kg): 0.41
Edition Number: 1