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Fall Protection and Scaffolding Safety : An Illustrated Guide: An Illustrated Guide - Grace Drennan Gagnet

Fall Protection and Scaffolding Safety

An Illustrated Guide: An Illustrated Guide

Paperback Published: 1st April 2000
ISBN: 9780865876927
Number Of Pages: 235

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Written for members of the construction industry and any industry where fall hazards exist, this reference book/self-study guide features more than 250 original illustrations of the 29 CFR Parts 1910 and 1926 requirements. These illustrations allow foremen, managers, and others responsible for overseeing compliance to quickly and easily understand and apply the standards and procedures that appear in more than 120 pages of official, legal text. Readers will gain an understanding of the scope and range of fall hazards and the prevailing methods available to control them.

Fall Protection and Scaffolding Safety begins with a short, practical overview of OSHA standards and an overview of fall protection principles. The author then focuses on engineering controls, which are "considered the most effective, followed by administrative controls and personal protective equipment." The book explains OSHA standards for guarding open-sided walking and working surfaces and standards related to protection against falling objects.

The remainder of the book discusses various types of personal protective equipment and guidelines for adjustment, use, and care. It also examines four specific types of fall exposures: scaffolding; ladders; elevating and rotating work platforms, personnel hoists, and personnel platforms elevated by forklifts or cranes; and special trades.

About the Authorp. xvii
About the Illustratorp. xvii
Introductionp. xix
Trend Analysisp. 1
Overviewp. 1
Fatal Injuries Caused by Falls in Texasp. 2
Disproportionate Number of Fatalities among Hispanic Laborersp. 2
Disabling Injury Data on Fallsp. 2
Disabling Injuries Caused by Falls in the U.S.p. 3
Industries with Highest Incidence of Disabling Fallsp. 4
OSHA Study on Falls in the Construction Industryp. 4
Most Frequently Cited OSHA Standards Related to Fall Prevention in the Construction Industryp. 4
Preamble to OSHA's Fall Protection Standards for Constructionp. 5
Preamble to OSHA's Scaffold Standardsp. 5
NIOSH Alert on Falls from Suspension Scaffoldsp. 6
NIOSH Study on Falls through Skylights and Roof Openingsp. 6
Preamble to Proposed Steel Erection Standardsp. 7
Emphasis Areasp. 10
Data Summaryp. 10
Controlsp. 10
Endnotesp. 11
Overview of Applicable Regulatory Standardsp. 13
OSHA's Construction Standardsp. 13
Applicationp. 13
Fall Protectionp. 14
Training Requirements of Subpart Mp. 15
Comparing Standardsp. 16
OSHA's General Industry Standardsp. 16
Walking and Working Surfacesp. 16
Floors, Platforms, and Runways with Open Sidesp. 17
Work over Dangerous Equipmentp. 18
Steel Erectionp. 19
Temporary Flooring--Skeleton Steel Constructionp. 19
Flooring--Other Constructionp. 22
Steel Erection--Bolting, Riveting, Fitting-Up and Plumbing-Upp. 22
Stairways and Laddersp. 23
Stair Openings on Construction Sitesp. 24
Training Requirements for Stairways and Laddersp. 25
Retrainingp. 25
Fixed Stairsp. 25
Winding Stairsp. 27
Doors/Gates That Open Directly onto a Stairwayp. 27
Stair Width and Angle of Risep. 27
Handrailsp. 28
Other Floor Openingsp. 30
Ladderwaysp. 30
Hatches and Chutesp. 30
Skylightsp. 31
Pits and Trapdoorsp. 32
Manholesp. 32
Temporary Openingsp. 32
Floor Holesp. 32
Accessible Holesp. 32
Inaccessible Holesp. 33
Protection of Holes on Construction Sitesp. 33
Holes for Passage of Materialsp. 33
Guardrail Systems for Hoisting Areasp. 34
Wall Openings and Holesp. 34
Wall Opening Barriersp. 34
Wall Opening Grab Handlesp. 35
Wall Opening Screensp. 35
Chute Wall Openingsp. 36
Window Wall Openingsp. 36
Outline of Applicable Regulationsp. 37
Endnotesp. 38
Principles of Fall Protectionp. 39
Falls from Elevated Work Locationsp. 39
Time vs. Distancep. 40
Elements of a Fall Hazardp. 40
Free-Fall Distancep. 40
Shock Absorptionp. 41
Body Supportp. 41
100 Percent Fall Protection Programp. 42
Implementing an Effective Programp. 42
Hazard Analysis and Pre-Inspectionp. 43
Hazard of Falling through Elevated Work Surfacep. 44
Hierarchy of Fall Protection Solutionsp. 45
Hierarchy of Work Platformsp. 45
Limitations of and Requirements for a Fall Protection Planp. 46
Contents of a Fall Protection Planp. 46
Synopsisp. 46
Endnotesp. 47
Prevention of Falls and Falling Objectsp. 49
Comparison of Guardrail Specificationsp. 49
Guardrail Specifications--Construction Standardsp. 50
Guardrail Specifications--General Industry Standardsp. 51
Guardrail Strength--Construction Standardsp. 52
Guardrail Strength--General Industry Standardsp. 52
Guardrail Materials--Construction Standardsp. 52
Wood Rails--Construction Standardsp. 53
Guardrail Materials--General Industry Standardsp. 53
Pipe Railsp. 54
Structural Steel Railsp. 55
Safety Rules for Guardrailsp. 56
Proposed Steel Erection Standardsp. 57
Perimeter Safety Cables on Multistory Structuresp. 57
Protection against Falling Objectsp. 58
Toeboards--Construction Standardsp. 58
Toeboards--General Industry Standardsp. 59
Guardrails for Protection against Falling Objects--Construction Standardsp. 59
Guardrails for Protection against Falling Objects--General Industry Standardsp. 60
General Requirements for Storagep. 60
Working on Stored Materials in Storage Areasp. 60
Storage on Scaffoldsp. 61
Overhand Bricklayingp. 61
Roofing Work--Storagep. 61
Canopiesp. 62
Debris Netsp. 62
Interim Storage of Temporary Flooring Used in Steel Erectionp. 62
Protection against Falling Objects--General Industryp. 64
Hazard of Objects Falling through Wall Holep. 64
Rememberp. 64
Test Your Knowledgep. 64
Endnotesp. 65
Fall Protectionp. 67
Accidentsp. 67
Fall from Scaffold--Lanyard Brokep. 67
Catwalk to Descent Systemp. 68
Iron Workersp. 69
Fall Arrest Systemsp. 69
Strength Limited by Means of Attachmentp. 70
Manual vs. Automatic Equipmentp. 71
Personal Lifelines (Backup) vs. Positioning Lines (Primary)p. 72
Safety Belts, Lifelines, and Lanyardsp. 72
Lifelinesp. 73
Engineering of Anchor Pointsp. 73
General Guidelines for Anchoragesp. 75
Guidelines for Minimum Sizes and Conditions of Anchor Pointsp. 76
Temporary Horizontal Lifelinesp. 77
Permanent Horizontal Lifelinesp. 78
Vertical Lifelinesp. 78
Static Lifelinesp. 79
Retractable Lifelines and Lanyardsp. 79
Limitations on Miller Retractable Lifelinesp. 80
Testing and Safe Use of Retractable Lifelinesp. 80
Unsafe Use of Retractable Lifelinesp. 81
DBI/SALA Tips on Retracting Lifelinesp. 81
Other Connecting Devicesp. 82
Equipment Manufacturersp. 82
Compatibility of Componentsp. 82
Questions about Your Fall Protection Equipmentp. 83
Miller Equipmentp. 83
DBI/SALA Instructionsp. 86
Pitfalls to Avoid When Using Fall Protection Equipmentp. 88
Inspectionp. 92
Pre-Use Inspectionp. 92
Straps of Body Harnessp. 92
Hardware on Harnessp. 92
Lanyardsp. 93
Additional Notes on Snaphooksp. 94
How to Put on a Body Harnessp. 94
Cleaning and Storagep. 95
Fall Protection Requirements vs. Confined Space Retrievalp. 95
Rescue Considerationsp. 96
Self-Rescuep. 97
Safety Netsp. 97
Specificationsp. 97
Engineering and Educationp. 98
Endnotesp. 98
Scaffoldsp. 101
Scaffolds--General Requirementsp. 101
Preventing Falls Caused by Collapse/Upsetting of Scaffoldp. 102
Bad Weather Rulesp. 103
OSHA Inspection Proceduresp. 104
Supported Scaffoldsp. 105
Erection and Dismantling of Supported Scaffoldsp. 108
Mixing and Matching Partsp. 109
Use of Supported Scaffoldsp. 109
Hazards of Falling Objectsp. 109
Mobile Ladder Stands and Rolling Scaffoldsp. 112
Maximum Heightp. 112
Stepsp. 112
Plankingp. 113
Guardrails and Toeboardsp. 113
Access and Egressp. 113
Casters and Levelingp. 114
Safety Rules for Mobile Ladder Stands and Platformsp. 114
Suspended Scaffold Accidentsp. 115
Fall from Suspended Scaffoldp. 115
Scaffold Hoist Defectp. 116
Suspended Scaffoldsp. 117
Anchoring Fall Arrest Systemsp. 119
Hoist Ropesp. 120
Securing to Prevent Swayingp. 122
Accessp. 122
Rated Load Capacityp. 123
Powered Platforms for Building Maintenancep. 123
Emergency Planningp. 123
Secondary Suspension Systemp. 124
Vertical Lifelinep. 124
Single Point Suspended Scaffoldsp. 124
Emergency Power Backup Devicep. 124
Power to Ground-Rigged Working Platformsp. 125
Suspension Ropes--Tagsp. 125
Length and Fastening of Suspension Ropesp. 126
Other Requirements for Powered Platformsp. 126
Recognize Scaffold Fall Potentialp. 128
Endnotesp. 129
Laddersp. 131
Portable Ladder Accidentsp. 131
Max the X-Ray Technicianp. 131
Alan the Telecommunications Installerp. 132
Causes of Ladder Accidentsp. 132
Laddersp. 133
Basic Typesp. 133
Inspectionp. 133
Requirements That Apply to All Laddersp. 134
Skid-Resistant Material for Ladder Rungsp. 135
Other Ladder Construction Requirementsp. 135
Offset Fixed Ladders with Platforms or Landingsp. 136
Basic Rules for Use of Laddersp. 136
Portable Laddersp. 136
Stepladdersp. 138
Placement of Straight Laddersp. 138
Temporary Construction Ladders and Portable Straight Laddersp. 140
Safe Practices for Use of Portable Laddersp. 141
Knotsp. 142
Unsafe Practicesp. 143
Fixed Ladder Accidentp. 144
Painting Contractorp. 144
Summary of Requirements for Fixed Laddersp. 144
Clearance behind Ladderp. 146
Step-Across Distancep. 146
Clearance on Climbing Sidep. 146
Fall Protection Optionsp. 147
Ladder Cagesp. 148
Ladder Safety Devicesp. 148
Falls from Ladders at Homep. 150
What to Do If You Fallp. 150
Endnotesp. 151
Elevating Personnelp. 153
Accidentsp. 153
Maintenance Repairmanp. 153
Mason Contractorp. 154
Manlifts and Vehicle-Mounted Work Platformsp. 154
Elevating and Rotating Equipmentp. 155
Safety Rules for Aerial Liftsp. 156
Safety Rules for Stock Pickersp. 157
Scissor Liftsp. 157
Lift Cages/Working Platforms Elevated by Forkliftsp. 158
Additional Recommendations for Personnel Platforms on Forkliftsp. 159
Personnel Hoists on Construction Sitesp. 160
Enclosure of Hoist Towersp. 160
Hoistway Doors/Gatesp. 161
Overhead Protectionp. 161
Marking of Capacityp. 161
Emergency Stopp. 161
Inspection and Testingp. 161
Cranes and Derricksp. 162
Personnel Platforms Elevated by Cranesp. 162
Load Linesp. 162
Brakesp. 162
Levelp. 162
Total Loadp. 163
No Live Boomsp. 163
Instruments and Componentsp. 163
Design of Personnel Platformsp. 164
Platform Specificationsp. 164
Access Gatesp. 164
Overhead Protectionp. 165
Capacityp. 165
Loadingp. 165
Riggingp. 166
Trial Lift, Inspections, and Proof Testing of Personnel Platform Hoisted by Cranep. 166
Safe Practices--Personnel Platform Hoisted by Cranep. 168
Crane Travelp. 169
Pre-Lift Meetingp. 170
Relative Safety of Optionsp. 170
Endnotesp. 171
Special Applicationsp. 173
Roof Accidentsp. 173
Fall from Roofp. 173
Metal Roof Deckingp. 174
Work on Roofsp. 174
Work on Low-Slope and Flat Roofsp. 175
Warning Line Systemsp. 176
Safety Monitoring Systemp. 177
Leading Edges and Steep Roofsp. 178
Fall Protection Plan--Leading Edge Workp. 178
Controlled Access Zonesp. 179
Overhand Bricklayingp. 180
Controlled Access Zones for Precast Concrete Membersp. 180
Limited Access Zone for Masonry Wallsp. 181
Steel Erectionp. 182
Overviewp. 182
Proposed Steel Erection Standards for Structural Steel Assemblyp. 183
Proposed Steel Erection Standards for Deckingp. 184
Proposed Steel Erection Standards for Perimeter Safety Cablesp. 187
Proposed Standards for Erection of Steel Joistsp. 188
Proposed Steel Erection Standards for Pre-Engineered Metal Buildingsp. 189
Proposed Steel Erection Standards for Falling Object Protectionp. 190
Proposed Steel Erection Standards--Fall Protectionp. 190
Proposed Steel Erection Standards--Controlled Access Zones for Leading Edge Workp. 193
Proposed Steel Erection Standards--Covering Roof and Floor Openingsp. 196
Electrical Transmission and Distributionp. 196
Removal of Coversp. 197
Why You May Need to Know about Special Tradesp. 197
Endnotesp. 198
Fall Protection Workshopp. 199
Exercise for Small Groupsp. 199
Window Washingp. 199
Tops of Trucks, Tank Trucks, or Intermodal Containersp. 200
Installation of Flat Metal Roof Rolls--Leading Edge Workp. 201
Repair or Replacement Involving Removal of Raised Flooringp. 202
Work on Top of an Atriump. 203
Group Discussionp. 204
Endnotep. 204
Summary of Key Pointsp. 205
Bibliographyp. 223
Indexp. 229
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780865876927
ISBN-10: 0865876924
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 235
Published: 1st April 2000
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 27.94 x 20.96  x 1.37
Weight (kg): 0.59