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Fairness and Competence in Citizen Participation : Evaluating Models for Environmental Discourse : Technology, Risk and Society - Ortwin Renn

Fairness and Competence in Citizen Participation : Evaluating Models for Environmental Discourse

Technology, Risk and Society

By: Ortwin Renn (Editor), Thomas Webler (Editor), Peter Wiedemann (Editor)

Paperback ISBN: 9780792335184
Number Of Pages: 381

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An issue facing the citizens and governments of modern democracies is the direct participation of the public in the solution of environmental problems. Governments are increasingly experimenting with approaches that give citizens a greater say in the environmental debate. A crucial question is addressed: how can we measure the performance of the citizen participation process? An approach to the problem is taken by viewing public participation as an act of communication. Drawing on Jurgen Habermas' "Critical Theory of Communication", a normative framework is developed around the central area of citizen participation and competence in knowledge verification. A theoretical and methodological basis for the systematic evaluation of models for environmental discourse is provided. Eight models of citizen participation are studied, from North America and Europe. Each model is evaluated and criticized in paired chapters written by scholars.

Dedication
List of Contributors
Foreword
Preface: Democracy and Science
A Need for Discourse on Citizen Participation: Objectives and Structure of the Bookp. 1
A Brief Primer on Participation: Philosophy and Practicep. 17
"Right" Discourse in Citizen Participation: An Evaluative Yardstickp. 35
The Redemption of Citizen Advisory Committees: A Perspective from Critical Theoryp. 87
Citizens' Advisory Committee as a Model for Public Participation: A Multiple-Criteria Evaluationp. 103
Planning Cells: A Gate to "Fractal" Mediationp. 117
Review of "Planning Cells:" Problems of Legitimationp. 141
Citizens Juries: One Solution for Difficult Environmental Questionsp. 157
The Citizens' Jury Model of Public Participation: A Critical Evaluationp. 175
The Varresbecker Bach Participatory Process: The Model of Citizen Initiativesp. 189
The Varresbecker Bach Participatory Process: An Evaluationp. 203
Regulatory Negotiation as a Form of Public Participationp. 223
Regulatory Negotiation as Citizen Participation: A Critiquep. 239
Mediationp. 253
Environmental Mediation: Insights into the Microcosm and Outlooks for Political Implicationsp. 267
Voluntary Siting of Noxious Facilities: The Role of Compensationp. 283
Voluntary Siting of Noxious Facilities: Additional Thoughts and Empirical Evidencep. 297
Direct Participation in Macro-Issues: A Multiple Group Approach. An Analysis and Critique of the Dutch National Debate on Energy Policy, Fairness, Competence, and Beyondp. 305
The Dutch Study Groups Revisitedp. 321
The Pursuit of Fair and Competent Citizen Participationp. 339
Biographies of Authorsp. 369
Indexp. 373
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792335184
ISBN-10: 079233518X
Series: Technology, Risk and Society
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 381
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 2.13
Weight (kg): 0.57