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Fact Proposition Event : Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy - P.L. Peterson

Fact Proposition Event

Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy

Hardcover Published: 31st May 1997
ISBN: 9780792345688
Number Of Pages: 420

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Peterson is an authority of a philosophical and linguistic industry that began in the 1960s with Vendler's work on nominalization. Natural languages distinguish syntactically and semantically between various sorts of what might be called gerundive entities' - events, processes, states of affairs, propositions, facts, ... all referred to by sentence nominals of various kinds. Philosophers have worried for millennia over the ontology of such things or things', but until twenty years ago they ignored all the useful linguistic evidence. Vendler not only began to straighten out the distinctions, but pursued more specific and more interesting questions such as that of what entities the causality relation relates (events? facts?). And that of the objects of knowledge and belief. But Vendler's work was only a start and Peterson has continued the task from then until now, both philosophically and linguistically. Fact Proposition Event constitutes the state of the art regarding gerundive entities, defended in meticulous detail. Peterson's ontology features just facts, proposition, and events, carefully distinguished from each other. Among his more specific achievements are: a nice treatment of the linguist's distinction between factive' and nonfactive constructions; a detailed theory of the subjects and objects of causation, which impinges nicely on action theory; an interesting argument that fact, proposition, events are innate ideas in humans; a theory of complex events (with implications for law and philosophy of law); and an overall picture of syntax and semantics of causal sentences and action sentences. Though Peterson does not pursue them here, there are clear and significant implications for the philosophy of science, in particular for our understanding of scientific causation, causal explanation and law likeness.' Professor William Lycan, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Prefacep. ix
Introductionp. 1
On Facts and Propositions
How to Infer Belief from Knowledgep. 37
Propositions and the Philosophy of Languagep. 43
On Events
On Representing Event Referencep. 65
Eventp. 91
What Causes Effects?p. 105
Anaphoric Reference to Facts, Propositions, and Eventsp. 129
On Complex Events
The Natural Logic of Complex Event Expressionsp. 175
Complex Eventsp. 181
On Actions and "Cause"s
The Grimm Events of Causationp. 205
Four Grammatical Hypotheses on Actions, Causes, and "Causes"p. 217
Causation Agency, and Natural Actionsp. 251
On Causation Statements and Laws
Facts, Events and Semantic Emphasis in Causal Statementsp. 275
Which Universals are Natural Laws?p. 295
Notesp. 311
Bibliographyp. 395
Indexp. 409
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792345688
ISBN-10: 0792345681
Series: Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 420
Published: 31st May 1997
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 1.73