This book analyses the primary relevant rules of international law applicable to extra-territorial use of force by states against non-state actors. Force in this context takes many forms, ranging from targeted killings and abductions of individuals to large-scale military operations amounting to armed conflict. Actions of this type have occurred in what has become known as the 'war on terror', but are not limited to this context. Three frameworks of international law are examined in detail. These are the United Nations Charter and framework of international law regulating the resort to force in the territory of other states; the law of armed conflict, often referred to as international humanitarian law; and the law enforcement framework found in international human rights law. The book examines the applicability of these frameworks to extra-territorial forcible measures against non-state actors, and analyses the difficulties and challenges presented by application of the rules to these measures.
The issues covered include, among others: the possibility of self-defense against non-state actors, including anticipatory self-defense; the lawfulness of measures which do not conform to the parameters of self-defense; the classification of extra-territorial force against non-state actors as armed conflict; the 'war on terror' as an armed conflict; the laws of armed conflict regulating force against groups and individuals; the extra-territorial applicability of international human rights law; and the regulation of forcible measures under human rights law. Many of these issues are the subject of ongoing and longstanding debate. The focus in this work is on the particular challenges raised by extra-territorial force against non-state actors and the book offers a number of solutions to these challenges.
This book is an important contribution to the discourse on how contemporary international law can react to the challenge of Non-State Actors participating in armed conflicts. Lubell is the first author to bring together the area of international law that regulates the resort to force in the territory of other States, IHL and IHRL with respect to the extraterritorial forcible measures against Non-State Actors in one book. As such, the book serves both as a primer for
those who want to familiarize themselves with the system of international law concerning armed conflicts, and - more particularly - as an attempt to apply the international law system to Non-State Actors...it is a worthwhile read for students and scholars studying the use of force in international
law, and practitioners working in this area. * Hadassa A. Noorda, University of Amsterdam *
Lobell's writing is clear, logical, and organized...Lucid and well-argued, Extraterritorial Use of Force against Non-State Actors is recommended for those seeking to better understand international law's treatment of self-defense or non-state actors. * Humza Kazmi, Military Law and the Law War Review *
Lubell's study makes a substantial contribution...through a well-argued analysis of the current state of international law applicable to the use of force extraterritorial against non-state actors. * Richard Burchill, Legal Studies *
This is a balanced and cogent work on a very topical aspect of the international law on the use of force. The author covers all relevant dimensions: the jus ad bellum, international humanitarian law and international human rights law. The writing is clear, the use of sources and analysis rigorous and convincing. * Sir Michael Wood *
Lubell's monograph presents an objective and above all well-balanced account of the law as it currently stands with respect to the use of force against non-State actors...[A] very recommendable read. * German Yearbook of International Law *
Lubell's study makes a substantial contribution to this debate through a well-argued analysis of the current state...Lubell's work provides an excellent base for further engagement with these difficult issues. * Richard Burchill, Legal Studies *
Libraries, professors, researchers, and international decision-makers would be far better equipped for their respective tasks by including this book on their must read list. Novices and seasoned publicists will appreciate the insightful, provocative, and common sense approach herein presented. It is a superbly written mini-treatise on self-defense and the evolving principles which govern - and should govern - the contemporary challenges posed by non-State actors. * ASIL *
...the book contains a thorough, detailed, and accomplished discussion of the law that applies to the extraterritorial use of force against non-state actors. * Nicholas Tsagourias, University of Glasgow *